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Clean Energy Leadership: The Role of Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies. Dr. Sunita Satyapal. U.S. Department of Energy Fuel Cell Technologies Program Program Manager. September 12, 2011. International Conference on Hydrogen Safety San Francisco, CA. U.S. Clean Energy Goals.
Clean Energy Leadership: The Role ofHydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies Dr. SunitaSatyapal U.S. Department of Energy Fuel Cell Technologies Program Program Manager September 12, 2011 International Conference on Hydrogen Safety San Francisco, CA
U.S. Clean Energy Goals • Double Renewable Energy Capacity by 2012 • Generate 80% of electricity from clean energy sources by 2035 • Reduce GHG emissions 83% by 2050
U.S. Energy Consumption U.S. Primary Energy Consumption by Source and Sector Share of Energy Consumed by Major Sectors of the Economy, 2009 Electric Power Residential & Commercial Industrial Transportation Total U.S. Energy = 94.6 Quadrillion Btu Source: Energy Information Administration, Annual Energy Review 2009, Figure 2.0
Fuel Cell Patents Reflect Emerging Growth Clean Energy Patent Growth Index shows that fuel cell patents lead in the clean energy field with nearly 1,000 fuel cell patents issued worldwide in 2010. • 3x more than the second place holder, solar, which has just ~360 patents. • Number of fuel cell patents grew > 57% in 2010. [1} http://cepgi.typepad.com/heslin_rothenberg_farley_/
Fuel Cell Market Overview Megawatts Shipped, Key Countries: 2008-2010 Fuel cell market continues to grow • ~36% increase in global MWs shipped • ~50% increase in US MWs shipped Various analyses project that the global fuel cell/hydrogen market could reach maturity over the next 10 to 20 years, producing revenues of: • $14 – $31 billion/year for stationary power • $11 billion/year for portable power • $18 – $97 billion/year for transportation North American Shipments by Application • Widespread market penetration of fuel cells could lead to: • 180,000 new jobs in the US by 2020 • 675,000 jobs by 2035 http://www1.eere.energy.gov/hydrogenandfuelcells/pdfs/program_plan2010.pdf FuelCells2000, Pike Research, Fuel Cell Today, ANL 5
DOE Accomplishments • Projected high-volume cost of fuel cells has been reduced to $49/kW (2011)* • More than 30% reduction since 2008 • More than 80% reduction since 2002 • Real world validation marks progress • Vehicles & Infrastructure • 155 fuel cell vehicles and 24 hydrogen fueling stations • 2,500 hours (nearly 75K miles) durability • Demonstrated world’s first Tri-generation station (CHHP with 54% efficiency) • Up to 1,000 fuel cells with Recovery Act funding Projected Transportation Fuel Cell System Cost -projected to high-volume (500,000 units per year)- Current status: $49/kW vs target of $30/kW • Safety, Codes & Standards R&D Progress • Demonstration of cycle-life durability in excess of 50,000 refuelingsfor metal pressure vessels for forklift applications. • Developed and validated models for evaluation of indoor refueling safety requirements *Based on projection to high-volume manufacturing (500,000 units/year). **Projected cost, based on analysis of state-of-the-art technology
Progress — Spurring Early Markets with DOE Recovery Act Activities Deployed more than 800 fuel cells to date for use in forklifts and backup power at several companies including Sprint, AT&T, FedEX, Kimberly Clark, and Whole Foods Deployment Locations DOE: $42 M Cost-share:$54 M Total: $96 M. NREL ARRA Data Collection Snapshot Deployment Status – August 2011 MORE THAN 3,000 ADDITIONAL FUEL CELL FORKLIFTS PLANNED with NO DOE funding
EERE H2 & Fuel Cells Budgets Budget is approximately $100 million per year More than $1 billion spent by U.S. DOE in last four years
Safety is Essential for Success Keep Doing the Critical Work for the Safe Deployment of Hydrogen and Fuel Cells The ICHS is the most prominent international conference on hydrogen safety. Your work is essential for the successful deployment of hydrogen and fuel cells and will pave the way for other clean energy technologies. Thank you!
Fuel Cells: Benefits & Market Potential The Role of Fuel Cells Key Benefits • up to 60% (electrical) • up to 70% (electrical, hybrid fuel cell / turbine) • up to 85% (with CHP) Very High Efficiency • 35–50%+ reductions for CHP systems (>80% with biogas) • 55–90% reductions for light-duty vehicles Reduced CO2 Emissions • >95% reduction for FCEVs (vs. today’s gasoline ICEVs) • >80% reduction for FCEVs (vs. advanced PHEVs) Reduced Oil Use • up to 90% reduction in criteria pollutants for CHP systems Reduced Air Pollution • Clean fuels — including biogas, methanol, H2 • Hydrogen — can be produced cleanly using sunlight or biomass directly, or through electrolysis, using renewable electricity • Conventional fuels — including natural gas, propane, diesel Fuel Flexibility
Fuel Cell Vehicles - International Status Many major automobile manufacturers have recently reaffirmed their commitment to develop fuel cell vehicles. Plans exist in Germany and Japan to expand the hydrogen infrastructure. • Daimler* • Small-series production of FCEVs began in summer 2009 • Plans for tens of thousands of FCEVs per year in 2015 – 2017 and hundreds of thousands a few years after • Germany: Infrastructure • Public/private partnership to build 1000 hydrogen stations by 2015 • Volkswagen • Expanded demo fleet to 24 FCEVs in CA • Recently reconfirmed commitment to FCEVs • SAIC (China) • Partnering with GM to build 10 fuel cell vehicles in 2010 • Hyundai-Kia* • 2020: Planned expansion of demo fleet to 500 vehicles • 2012: 1000 FCEVs/year • 2015: 10,000 FCEVs/year • “Borrego” FCEV has achieved >340-mile range. Renault* • Toyota* • 2010-2013: U.S. demo fleet of 100 vehicles • 2015: Target for large-scale commercialization • “FCHV-adv” has achieved 431-mile range and 68 mpgge • General Motors* • 115 vehicles in demonstration fleet • 2012: Technology readiness goal for FC powertrain • 2015: Target for commercialization • Honda* • Clarity FCX named “World Green Car of the Year”; EPA certified 72 mpgge; has begun leasing vehicles, with plans to lease 200 • 2015: Target for large-scale commercialization Ford* DOE 2010 • Japan: Infrastructure • Alliance of 13 Japanese companies plans to develop commercial technologies by 2015 that will supply hydrogen for FCEVs. * In Sept. 2009, many of the world’s major auto manufacturers signed a letter of understanding in support of fuel cell vehicles, anticipating widespread commercialization beginning in 2015 and calling for increased investment in refueling infrastructure. Nissan*