Belief in Angels الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ فَاطِرِ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ جَاعِلِ الْمَلَائِكَةِ رُسُلًا أُولِي أَجْنِحَةٍ مَّثْنَىٰ وَثُلَاثَ وَرُبَاعَ ۚ يَزِيدُ فِي الْخَلْقِ مَا يَشَاءُ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ ﴿١﴾فاطر:١ All praise is due to Allah, the Creator of the heavens and the earth, the Maker of the angels, messengers flying on wings, two, and three, and four; He increases in creation what He pleases; surely Allah has power over all things. [35:1]
Belief in Angels It is a pillar of Iman. Malak: Angel (Singular) Mala’ikah: Angels (Plural) Angels are part of the unseen world. They are all around us.
What are Angels Made Of? Angels are made of light. They ‘can’ be visible to us in various forms, including human form. They don’t eat, drink, sleep, get tired or die. Yet, they can travel at blazing speeds. Angels never commit sins.
What are Angels Made Of? They worship Allah and serve him 24/7/354. Their appearance is ‘unknown’ to us. They do not look like babies or women as some people portray them. Jibreel, once filled the entire sky when he appeared before Prophet Muhammad صلّى الله عليه وسلّم, but appeared as a normal-sized man before Maryam.
Duties Of Angels يُسَبِّحُونَ اللَّيْلَ وَالنَّهَارَ لَا يَفْتُرُونَ ﴿٢٠﴾ الأنبياء “They glorify (Him) by night and day; they never stop.” [21:20] They take care of human beings. They execute Allah’s commands around the universe. They serve Allah in the hereafter.
Angels and Humans Human beings have a relationship with angels from the time they are born till they die and even after that. This relationship covers all stages of our life. They not only guard us from evil but also record all our deeds.
The Angel of Life • ‘Abdullah ibnMas’ood narrated: The Messenger of Allah and he is truthful, the believed, narrated to us: “Verily the creation of each one of you is brought together in the mother’s belly for forty days in the form of a liquid seed, then he is a clot of blood, then a crumb of flesh, then there is sent to him the angel who blows the soul into him and who is commanded about four matters: to write down his wealth, his life span, his actions, and whether happy or unhappy.” Reported in Al-Bukhari and Muslim.
The Angel of Life • The angel of life blows the soul in the fetus in the womb. • Every child has the following things recorded before birth. • Wealth • Life span • Deeds • Destination; in Paradise or in Hell • Allah decides our lives and our wealth. • But we are free to choose our deeds; good or bad.
الحفظة – The Guardian Angels Allah assigns angels to protect every human being. لَهُ مُعَقِّبَاتٌ مِّن بَيْنِ يَدَيْهِ وَمِنْ خَلْفِهِ يَحْفَظُونَهُ مِنْ أَمْرِ اللَّهِ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يُغَيِّرُ مَا بِقَوْمٍ حَتَّىٰ يُغَيِّرُوا مَا بِأَنفُسِهِمْ ۗ وَإِذَا أَرَادَ اللَّهُ بِقَوْمٍ سُوءًا فَلَا مَرَدَّ لَهُ ۚ وَمَا لَهُم مِّن دُونِهِ مِن وَالٍ ﴿١١﴾ الرعد “For his (man’s) sake there are angels following one another, before him and behind him, who guard him by Allah’s will.” [13:11]
الحفظة – The Guardian Angels These angels are positioned in front and in the back of every person. They protect people against the harms of evil jinn. Harm may come to a person due to his sins. It may come as a test of his faith and patience. It may come to grant him great rewards.
الكتبة – The Record Keepers وَإِنَّ عَلَيْكُمْ لَحَافِظِينَ ﴿١٠﴾ كِرَامًا كَاتِبِينَ ﴿١١﴾ يَعْلَمُونَ مَا تَفْعَلُونَ ﴿١٢﴾ الانفطار “And most surely there are keepers over you. Honorable recorders. They know what you do.” [82:10-12] إِذْ يَتَلَقَّى الْمُتَلَقِّيَانِ عَنِ الْيَمِينِ وَعَنِ الشِّمَالِ قَعِيدٌ ﴿١٧﴾ مَّا يَلْفِظُ مِن قَوْلٍ إِلَّا لَدَيْهِ رَقِيبٌ عَتِيدٌ ﴿١٨﴾ق “When the two writing angels receive man’s actions, sitting on the right and the left. He utters not a word but there is by him a watcher at hand.” [50:17-18]
الكتبة – The Record Keepers Every action and every word of ours will be recorded, whether good or bad, whether said or done openly or secretly. Whenever we intend to do a good deed, the angel on the right side immediately records it and we get one hasanah for it. When we really perform the good deed we had intended, the reward is increased tenfold.
الكتبة – The Record Keepers When we only think of a bad deed, nothing is recorded. Only when we do that bad deed, it is recorded and we are charged for just a single bad deed. This is a sign of Allah’s profound mercy. Abdullah ibnAmr narrated that Rasoolullahصلّى الله عليه وسلّمsaid: “A single good deed is rewarded ten folds.”
Angels Support & Defend the Believers إِذْ يُوحِي رَبُّكَ إِلَى الْمَلَائِكَةِ أَنِّي مَعَكُمْ فَثَبِّتُوا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا ۚ سَأُلْقِي فِي قُلُوبِ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا الرُّعْبَ فَاضْرِبُوا فَوْقَ الْأَعْنَاقِ وَاضْرِبُوا مِنْهُمْ كُلَّ بَنَانٍ ﴿١٢﴾ “When your Lord revealed to the angels: I am with you, therefore support those who believed. I will cast fear into the hearts of the pagans. Therefore strike off their heads and strike off every fingertip of them. [8:12] يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اذْكُرُوا نِعْمَةَ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ إِذْ جَاءَتْكُمْ جُنُودٌ فَأَرْسَلْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ رِيحًا وَجُنُودًا لَّمْ تَرَوْهَا ۚ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ بَصِيرًا ﴿٩﴾ الاحزاب
Angels Support & Defend the Believers “O you who believe! Remember the favour of Allah to you when armies came down upon you, so We sent against them a strong wind and soldiers, that you didn’t see, and Allah is All-Seeing.” [33:9] Angels support the believers when they need help. They fought on the side of Muslims in many battles, like Badr, Khandaq and Hunayn. Allah sent his angels to protect Prophet Muhammadصلّى الله عليه وسلّمduring the Hijrah.
ملك الموت The Angel of Death - He is responsible for taking away the soul from the human body. قُلْ يَتَوَفَّاكُم مَّلَكُ الْمَوْتِ الَّذِي وُكِّلَ بِكُمْ ثُمَّ إِلَىٰ رَبِّكُمْ تُرْجَعُونَ ﴿١١﴾السجدة “Say: The angel of death who is given charge of you shall cause you to die, then to your Lord you shall be brought back.” [32:11] Death is painful for all, believers and disbelievers.
ملك الموت The Angel of Death - Death is painful for all, believers and disbelievers. But the degree of pain differs. The believer’s soul will be taken in an easy and soft manner, like a drip of water dripping from a glass. The disbeliever’s soul will be ripped away in a painful way.
منكر و نكير Angels in the Grave - In the grave, two angels of bluish and black colours come in and awake him/her. The soul is returned to the dead person in a special way. Rasoolullah SAW said: “When the dead person is buried two black-blue angels come to him, one called Munkar and the other called Nakeer.”
منكر و نكير Angels in the Grave - The angels will ask the dead person about his Lord, his Prophet, and his religion. The believers will answer confidently and correctly, therefore, they will enjoy a happy time in the grave. The disbelievers will not be able to answer correctly, thus they will suffer a severe punishment in the grave.
Israfeel, the Blower of the Horn وَنُفِخَ فِي الصُّورِ فَصَعِقَ مَن فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَن فِي الْأَرْضِ إِلَّا مَن شَاءَ اللَّهُ ۖ ثُمَّ نُفِخَ فِيهِ أُخْرَىٰ فَإِذَا هُمْ قِيَامٌ يَنظُرُونَ ﴿٦٨﴾ “And the horn shall be blown, so all those in the heavens and in the earth shall pass out, except such as Allah pleases; then it shall be blown again, then they shall stand up awaiting.” [Zumar (39):68]
Israfeel, the Blower of the Horn Allah will order Israfeel to blow the horn which will destroy the whole world. Some time later, Israfeel will blow the horn again which will result in the resurrection of all mankind from death and the Day of Judgment will start.
حملة العرشCarriers of the Throne - وَالْمَلَكُ عَلَىٰ أَرْجَائِهَا ۚ وَيَحْمِلُ عَرْشَ رَبِّكَ فَوْقَهُمْ يَوْمَئِذٍ ثَمَانِيَةٌ ﴿١٧﴾ يَوْمَئِذٍ تُعْرَضُونَ لَا تَخْفَىٰ مِنكُمْ خَافِيَةٌ ﴿١٨﴾الحاقة “And the angels shall be all around; and above them eight [angels] shall bear on that day your Lord’s throne. On that day you shall be exposed to view – no secret of yours shall remain hidden.”[69:17-18]
حملة العرش Carriers of the Throne - There are eight angels who will carry Allah’s throne on the Day of Judgment. Normally, the Throne is carried by four angels. Prophet Muhammad SAW has said: “The distance between one’s ear and neck is like the distance travelled over seven hundred years.”
Angels on the Day of Judgment The Last Day will be fifty thousand years long. People will receive the records of all their deeds; the good people in their right and the bad people in their left. Angels will then call people by their names for questioning. The believers will experience mild questioning or none at all and be welcomed by angels into Jannah. Disbelievers and sinful Muslims will face a humiliating treatment and get dragged by angels to Jahannam.
The Keepers of Paradise وَسِيقَ الَّذِينَ اتَّقَوْا رَبَّهُمْ إِلَى الْجَنَّةِ زُمَرًا ۖ حَتَّىٰ إِذَا جَاءُوهَا وَفُتِحَتْ أَبْوَابُهَا وَقَالَ لَهُمْ خَزَنَتُهَا سَلَامٌ عَلَيْكُمْ طِبْتُمْ فَادْخُلُوهَا خَالِدِينَ ﴿٧٣﴾ الزمر “And those who are mindful of their Lord shall be guided to the garden in groups; when they come to it, and its doors shall be opened, and the keepers of it shall say to them: Peace be on you, you shall be happy; therefore enter it to live in for eternity.”[39:73]
The Keepers of Paradise There are keepers of Paradise who guard its eight gates. The head of all the keepers of Paradise خازن الجنة is named Ridwan. (رضوان)
The Keepers of Hellfire إِنَّ الْمُجْرِمِينَ فِي عَذَابِ جَهَنَّمَ خَالِدُونَ ﴿٧٤﴾ لَا يُفَتَّرُ عَنْهُمْ وَهُمْ فِيهِ مُبْلِسُونَ ﴿٧٥﴾ وَمَا ظَلَمْنَاهُمْ وَلَٰكِن كَانُوا هُمُ الظَّالِمِينَ ﴿٧٦﴾ وَنَادَوْا يَا مَالِكُ لِيَقْضِ عَلَيْنَا رَبُّكَ ۖ قَالَ إِنَّكُم مَّاكِثُونَ ﴿٧٧﴾ لَقَدْ جِئْنَاكُم بِالْحَقِّ وَلَٰكِنَّ أَكْثَرَكُمْ لِلْحَقِّ كَارِهُونَ ﴿٧٨﴾الزخرف Surely the guilty shall dwell in the Punishment of Hell. (74) It shall not be lightened for them, and in despair will they be there overwhelmed. (75)
And We shall not be unjust to them: but it is they who have been unjust themselves. (76) They will cry: “O Malik! would that your Lord put an end to us!’’ He will say, “Nay, but you shall abide!” (77) Verily We have brought the Truth to you: but most of you have a hatred for Truth. (78) There are also keepers of Jahannam. The Head of the keepers of hellfire خازن النارis Malik مالك.
The Keepers of Hellfire وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا سَقَرُ ﴿٢٧﴾ لَا تُبْقِي وَلَا تَذَرُ ﴿٢٨﴾ لَوَّاحَةٌ لِّلْبَشَرِ ﴿٢٩﴾ عَلَيْهَا تِسْعَةَ عَشَرَ ﴿٣٠﴾ المدثر And what will explain to you what Hell-Fire is? (27) It leaves nothing nor does it spare anything! (28) Darkening and changing the colour of man! (29) Over it are nineteen [angels]. (30) [74:27-30] There are nineteen angels under Malik. They are helped by countless other angels who oversee punishment of the disbelievers and the sinful.
Serving Around the Universe Angels execute Allah’s command relating to weather. They protect the skies from the trespassing of the evil jinn. They inspire the believers to do what is good for them. They attend gatherings where Allah’s name is mentioned. They pray for the rightful believers.
Mika’eel: The Angel of Weather Allah gives orders to Mika’eelعليه السّلامconcerning weather. He moves the clouds and winds according to Allah’s command. Meteorologists cannot forecast weather conditions with complete accuracy. There have been instances when meteorologists have been completely wrong. This is because Allah is the final decision-maker.
Jibreel: The Greatest Angel Jibreelعليه السلام is the greatest angel. His responsibility is to bring Allah’s revelation to His messengers. He brought the Holy Qur’an to Prophet Muhammad صلّى الله عليه وسلّم.
Assignment • Define the following: • Malak • Al-Hafathah • Al-Katabah • Hamalat-ul-Arsh • What is the function of Israfeel? • Who are Ridwan and Malik? • What are the angels made of? • Who is the first angel that we come into contact with? What does he do?
Assignment Who are the كراما كاتبين? What is their function? Which angel controls the weather? Does Malak-ul-Mawt appear the same to believers and disbelievers? Explain. What are the four matters regarding every child that are recorded before his/her birth?