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The Challenge Ahead: What Will Happen When Social Housing Operating Agreements Expire? MNPHA Conference Nov 22, 2013 St PowerPoint Presentation
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The Challenge Ahead: What Will Happen When Social Housing Operating Agreements Expire? MNPHA Conference Nov 22, 2013 Steve Pomeroy, Focus Consulting Inc. and Research Associate, Carleton University Centre for Urban Research and Education. Context: End of Operating Agreements.

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The Challenge Ahead: What Will Happen When Social Housing Operating Agreements Expire?

MNPHA Conference Nov 22, 2013

Steve Pomeroy,

Focus Consulting Inc. and Research Associate, Carleton University Centre for Urban Research and Education

Steve Pomeroy Focus Consulting Inc

context end of operating agreements
Steve Pomeroy Focus Consulting IncContext: End of Operating Agreements

Social Housing Funded with long term operating subsidies, matching mortgage amortization period (50 yrs./35yrs)

Mixed funding:

Federal/Prov/Terr cost shared;

Federal unilateral

Provincial unilateral

Subsidies usually terminate in tandem with maturing mortgage

Under F/P/T agreements Federal subsidy obligation terminates - P/T’s then have to decide how to manage

future is now

Public Housing 1964+ 50 yrs; Non Profit 1978 +35 yrs

Nationally federal funding declines by $650 Mill in next decade

In Manitoba it falls by by $28 Mill

Steve Pomeroy Focus Consulting Inc

Future is Now
two types of concern
Two types of concern
  • Without mortgage, does project collect sufficient rent to be viable (cover operating costs)?
  • Does project have sufficient capital reserves or capacity to refinance to maintain building in sound condition?
  • Implications for both funders (Manitoba Housing) and for Providers
  • Separate concern and advocacy over federal withdrawal

Steve Pomeroy Focus Consulting Inc

project financial viability
Project Financial Viability

Operating Viability

  • With no mortgage payment and reduced or no subsidy, will rents cover operating costs?

Capital Adequacy

  • What capital renewal is required and are current reserves or ongoing surpluses (if any) sufficient to support capital renewal

Quick viability test: As a basic rule of thumb, if the current annual subsidy is greater than the total annual mortgage (P&I), the project is very likely to experience post-expiry difficulty. With no corrective actions, a project in this situation today will have negative Net Operating Income (NOI) at expiry.

Steve Pomeroy Focus Consulting Inc

project potential outcomes at expiry
Project Potential Outcomes (at Expiry)

Projects will fall into one of four categories, Multi project Providers may have a mix of outcomes across their portfolio

Steve Pomeroy Focus Consulting Inc

* NOI = Net Operating Income

implications for providers
Implications for Providers
  • If viable – opportunities to reinvest surplus or refinance for capital renewal
  • If not viable (Negative NOI) – Provider needs to plan to improve cash flow/reduce deficit to be self sustaining
    • Implications re RGI levels (e.g. Urban Native)
    • Are some units at risk
    • Is there risk precious rgi units will be lost?
  • Potential for Province to extend subsidy
    • But don’t assume/depend on this
  • First need to assess situation for each project:
    • Use Simplified Assessment Tool

Steve Pomeroy Focus Consulting Inc

anticipated projects at risk
Anticipated Projects “at Risk”
  • “Public Housing” (owned and managed by Province and Municipalities)
    • Family vs. seniors buildings
  • Urban Native (high % RGI and deep subsidy)
  • Some independent Non-Profit
    • Depends on degree of targeting and past management practice)
  • Generally properties that are deeply targeted with large proportion of RGI units

Steve Pomeroy Focus Consulting Inc

next to end most likely viable
Next to end most likely viable

Steve Pomeroy Focus Consulting Inc

how will your project fare
How will your project fare?
  • A Simplified Assessment Tool has been developed for CHRA/MNPHA to help all providers self assess the likely outcome.
  • This uses a few key elements, all of which are readily available to you
  • It uses a proxy measure to assess capital adequacy
  • Note caveats on capital adequacy test: recommend Building Condition Assessment (BCA) and Capital Investment Plan
  • Tim will discuss capital assessment and planning in more detail

Steve Pomeroy Focus Consulting Inc

simplified assessment tool
Simplified Assessment Tool
  • Excel spreadsheet tool to help providers determine:
    • Net income = operating financial viability
    • Adequacy of Reserves (BCA?)
  • Discussion guide: Addressing the Expiring Subsidy Challenge: Options and Remedies

Steve Pomeroy Focus Consulting Inc

Search CHRA/MNPHA website for the tool and ref guide

example input data
Example – Input data

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example output results
Example Output (results)

Steve Pomeroy Focus Consulting Inc

example 2 summary
Example 2: Summary

Steve Pomeroy Focus Consulting Inc

completed assessment results
Completed assessment - results
  • Use tool to determine situation for each project
  • Then determine overall impact and phasing:
    • Do early projects have positive NOI & later ones negative? Potential to cross subsidize?
    • Are Capital reserves sufficient? Do you have room to refinance?
  • Explore ways to remedy any negative results
    • (other than just rely on Province to extend subsidy

Steve Pomeroy Focus Consulting Inc

some potential remedies
Some Potential Remedies
  • Addressing unviable or weak viability:

a) Adjust market rents (if well below market)

b) Adjust RGI mix (e.g. shallow/deep; number RGI)

c) Explore ways to improve RGI tenant income (skills etc.)

d) Shift some RGI units to market units

e) Abandon RGI rents in favour of low break-even rents

f) Review mix of working poor vs. social assistance RGI households

g) Seek supplementary assistance from funder.

Sell some properties to generate capital for renewal and reduce subsidy shortfall

These are all discussed in user guide – Addressing the Expiring Subsidy Challenge: Options and Remedies

Steve Pomeroy Focus Consulting Inc

some potential remedies1
Some Potential Remedies
  • Addressing Insufficient Capital Reserves:

h) Borrow against surplus

i) Add a capital improvement levy to rents

j) Seek P/T approval to increase pre-expiry contributions

k) Seek P/T approval to re-amortize and borrow before expiry for replacement

l) Seek renewal of funding support (P/T or SM)

These are discussed in user guide – Addressing the Expiring Subsidy Challenge: Options and Remedies

Steve Pomeroy Focus Consulting Inc

advocacy activities
Advocacy Activities
  • FCM/CHRA etc. highlighting the EOA issue at Federal level
  • Ongoing advocacy to retain Federal “savings” in housing
  • Specific targeted ask re a capital renewal program (like in CEAP stimulus)
  • P/T Ministers also actively advocating on these issues
  • MNPHA advocating with Manitoba Housing

Steve Pomeroy Focus Consulting Inc

thank you
Thank you

Steve Pomeroy Focus Consulting Inc

Additional background reports available at www.focus-consult.com