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RESEARCH PAPERS. 2014. THE BASICS. You must make an ARGUMENT / TAKE A STANCE about a controversial issue/problem… This is not an informative paper! 5-7 pages + Bibliography MLA format - reference experts and facts to prove your point Use MLA to avoid plagiarism ! Meet ALL deadlines !

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the basics
THE BASICS
  • You must make an ARGUMENT / TAKE A STANCE about a controversial issue/problem… This is not an informative paper!
  • 5-7 pages + Bibliography
  • MLA format- reference experts and facts to prove your point
      • Use MLA to avoid plagiarism!
  • Meet ALL deadlines!
      • No extensions for simply missing one
      • Absent? Do it on your own time!

5) POINTS: Process pts. = Final Paper pts. (200 pts.)

deadlines requirements pg 2
DEADLINES& REQUIREMENTS (pg. 2)

Final Paper

Due

W 3/5!

deadlines requirements
DEADLINES & REQUIREMENTS

PHASE I: RESEARCHING

  • 1 Introduction Day in Library (Tuesday)
  • 4 In-Class Research Days
  • 5 Sources with Notes
      • Round 1: 2 Notesheets due
      • Round 2: 5 Notesheets due (3 new/2 old fixed)

PHASE II: ORGANIZING

  • Bibliography
  • Thesis Statements
  • Preliminary Outlines
  • Organizing Notes
  • Final Outlines

PHASE III: WRITING

  • Outlines to Paragraphs
  • Making an Argument/Analyzing Facts
  • Rough Drafts
  • Final Drafts
research process
RESEARCH PROCESS
  • FIND TIME!
  • FIND A SOURCE: SKIM &/OR READ THE ABSTRACTS
  • WRITE YOUR SOURCE’S MLA CITATION AT THE TOP OF A NEW NOTESHEET
  • READ & TAKE NOTES ON YOUR NOTESHEET (not cards)!
  • HIT THE SAVE BUTTON & RELAX!

Packet Pg. 4

research info review
RESEARCH INFO REVIEW

YOU NEED 5 SOURCES:

  • Check for accuracy, validity, biases, current date
  • Research: Books, Magazines, News, Documentaries, Databases, Google Scholar
      • BOOK SERIES (on-line catalog): Taking Sides, Pro/Con, Opposing Viewpoints
      • DATABASE: opposing view points.

*All of the these have the source citation

done for you already!

  • You can only use 2 websites (databases don’t count)
  • Nothing before 2007
  • Exceptions made at my discretion to both of those

(Pg. 11-12)

creating notesheets pages 6 7 in packet
“Creating Notesheets”Pages 6-7 in packet

If the source citation is not done for you, there is a generic formula handout in your packet on pages 9-10

mla citations final paper
“MLA CITATIONS” & FINAL PAPER

Paper Excerpt

…. Americans need to consider that“In 2009, the average four-year college graduate owed $24,000 in student-loan debt” (Bass).That's sustainable if a student leaves school with a degree in a high-demand field like nursing or engineering since they pay decent salaries right from the start. However, liberal arts majors tend to have a harder time finding jobs and often spend the first year, if not more, of post-college life waiting tables. These minimum wage jobs do not provide enough income to begin paying off student loans.

Bibliography

Bass, DavidN. "The Millennial Generation Lacks a Strong Work Ethic." The Millennial Generation. Ed. David Haugen and Susan Musser. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2013. Opposing Viewpoints. Rpt. from "Diapers for 26-Year-Olds." American Spectator (11 Oct. 2011). Gale Opposing Viewpoints In Context. Web. 6 Feb. 2013.

step 2 find a source where do i look
STEP 2: FIND A SOURCE!“Where do I look?”
  • BOOKS
  • DATABASES
      • Info on page 11-12 of packet!
      • Parkland pays for these because we know they are great, valid sources
  • INTERNET / GOOGLING
      • Use Scholar Google: http://scholar.google.com/
      • NOTE: Only 2 of your 5 sources may be from websites in your paper! Wikipedia is NEVER acceptable as a source.

Once you’ve found one, decide if it’s worth using.

step 2 find a source should i use it
STEP 2: FIND A SOURCE“Should I use it?”

Date: NEW IS IN!!! (no research before 2007)

Originality: Primary vs. Secondary Sources

Biases: Is this a reliable source of information? What is the agenda of the author, meaning are they bias?

Level of Scholarship: Britanica vs. Star Magazine

Packet Pg. 5

so what do i do again
SO, WHAT DO I DO AGAIN?
  • Look for sources in academic places: books, databases, and Google Scholar.
      • Only 2 of your 5 sources can be from websites
      • Wikipedia-anything may NOT be used.
  • You want to be the best muckraker you can be, so make sure that your information is valid, accurate, and current (none before 2007)!
wait why
WAIT… WHY?

WHAT IF I’M NOT SURE? Double check your facts with other websites!

muckraking

MUCKRAKING

~ A Guide to Undercover Researching ~

“You may recall the description of the Man with the Muck-rake, the man who could look no way but downward with the muck - rake in his hands…”

what is it
WHAT IS IT?

Literally…

MUCK + RAKE

what is it1
WHAT IS IT?
  • MUCKRAKING: a reporter or writer who investigates and publishestruthful reports involving a host of social, legal, and ethical issues to make the public aware of a problem or scandal (INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING)

Topics range from crime, corruption in business and politics, fraud, waste, public health and safety, graft, illegal financial practices.

original muckrakers
ORIGINAL MUCKRAKERS
  • Begin in the Progressive Era (late 1800s to early 1900s) to expose corruption and problems to the public.
  • Theodore Roosevelt encouraged the term to help raise public awareness, while warning about the possibility of false reporting
  • Original Muckrakers:
    • Upton Sinclair - meat packing industry regulations
    • Edwin Markum - child labor laws
    • Nelly Bly - Abuse in insane asylums
    • Frances Keller - high unemployment rates
    • Jacob Rillis - problems in the slums
    • Helen Hunt Jackson - unfair treatment of American Indians
    • Ida Tarbell - Corruption in the oil industry
modern muckrakers
MODERN MUCKRAKERS
  • Julian Assange - Wikileaks
  • John Howard Griffin - white journalist who disguised himself as a black man to highlight social injustice in the south.
  • Michael Moore - “Bowling for Columbine”, “Fahrenheit 9/11”, “Capitalism: A Love Story”
  • Eric Schlosser - “Fast Food Nation”
  • Barbara Ehrenreich - “Nickel & Dimed”
  • Carl Bernstein - Helped uncover the Watergate Scandal
  • Ralph Nader - “Unsafe At Any Speed”
  • Malcolm Johnson - exposed organized crime
super size me morgan spurlock
“SUPER SIZE ME”- Morgan Spurlock

“INCONVENIENT TRUTH”

- Al Gore

argument free write 5 pts
ARGUMENT FREE-WRITE ( 5 pts. )
  • Use this time as a free-write to discuss your ARGUMENT. Include what you will argue, why you chose this side of the argument, etc.
  • THINGS TO INCLUDE:
        • List more specific ideas/aspects of your topic that you may potentially want to research or look into.
        • Create a PRO/CON list
        • WHY you feel the way you do
        • Questions you have for Mrs. Spence so far?
research info review1
RESEARCH INFO REVIEW

FOR THE PAPER, YOU NEED 5 SOURCES:

  • Check for accuracy, validity, biases, current date
  • Research: Books, Magazines, News, Documentaries, Databases, Google Scholar
      • BOOK SERIES (on-line catalog): Taking Sides, Pro/Con, Opposing Viewpoints
      • DATABASE: opposing view points.

*All of the these have the source citation

already done for you!

  • You can only use 2 websites (databases don’t count)
  • Nothing before 2007
  • Exceptions made at my discretion to both of those

(Pg. 11-12)

library reminders
LIBRARY REMINDERS

GOOD BOOKS

  • Pro/Con series
  • Taking Sides
  • Opposing Viewpoints

*Positives:

    • All of these have multiple sources within the book,
    • The source citations are done for you!

*Negatives: Check the dates!

DATABASES

  • Opposing Viewpoints

*Positives:

    • All relevant, valid information
    • The sources are done for you!
    • Has website suggestions!
databases1
DATABASES

There are websites too!

creating notesheets pages 6 7 in packet1
“Creating Notesheets”Pages 6-7 in packet

You will need 5 sources total for your paper, so that means you will have 5 notesheets total.

creating notesheets step 1 mla citations
CREATING NOTESHEETSSTEP 1: “MLA CITATIONS”

Decide if you want to use this source or not. If you do, start to create a notesheet!

  • MLA citationis the fancy name for how we give the source information
      • Shows where we borrowed information from.
      • Goes in the bibliography
      • Page 9-10 show generic formats for MLA citation
      • BONUS: Databases and book series have them done for you in correct format!
mla citations final paper1
“MLA CITATIONS” & FINAL PAPER

Paper Excerpt

…. Americans need to consider that“In 2009, the average four-year college graduate owed $24,000 in student-loan debt” (Bass).That's sustainable if a student leaves school with a degree in a high-demand field like nursing or engineering since they pay decent salaries right from the start. However, liberal arts majors tend to have a harder time finding jobs and often spend the first year, if not more, of post-college life waiting tables. These minimum wage jobs do not provide enough income to begin paying off student loans.

Bibliography

Bass, DavidN. "The Millennial Generation Lacks a Strong Work Ethic." The Millennial Generation. Ed. David Haugen and Susan Musser. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2013. Opposing Viewpoints. Rpt. from "Diapers for 26-Year-Olds." American Spectator (11 Oct. 2011). Gale Opposing Viewpoints In Context. Web. 6 Feb. 2013.

bibliography page
BIBLIOGRAPHY PAGE

An alphabetical, indented list of all the sources in MLA citation format that you used in your paper

PAGE 8 IN PACKET

creating notesheets step 2 taking notes
CREATING NOTESHEETSSTEP 2: “Taking Notes”

TWO TYPES OF NOTES:

  • QUOTE: taking something verbatim (word for word) from an article
    • Include quotation marks and page number.
    • Keep notes brief (5-6 lines max!)… don’t copy/paste chunks!
  • PARAPHRASE: rephrasing a chunk of ideas into a shorter summarized version in YOUR OWN WORDS.
to cite or not to cite
To cite… or not to Cite?
  • DON’T: You do NOT need to cite common facts or generic observations.
        • A circle has 360 degrees.
        • Eight-tracks and vinyl records are out of date.
        • Smoking has negative health effects.
  • DO: You would need to cite specific claims. Anything the average person wouldn’t know should be cited. When in doubt, cite!
creating notesheets step 2 taking notes1
CREATING NOTESHEETSSTEP 2: “Taking Notes”
  • Know what kind of ideas you’re looking for to prove your argument
  • Quoteorparaphrase specific claims from the article
      • Statistics/Numbers
      • Expert Opinions
      • Specific regulations, definitions, incidences, people, or effects (avoid general statements like “many” or “a few”)
  • AVOID writing too much detail!. FOCUS on significant facts.

EXAMPLES

  • “Many people across the country support gay marriage.”
  • According to Dr. Faust, “Medical marijuana has many positive benefits for cancer patients.”
  • “Roughly 74% of students graduated from high school in 2007.”
  • “The NRA refuses to discuss gun tragedies, such as Virginia Tech, Sandy Hook, or Aurora, all of which could’ve been avoided if stricter laws were enforced.”
creating notesheets pages 6 7 in packet2
“Creating Notesheets”(Pages 6-7 in packet)

SOURCE CITATION

Source’s information in MLA format (Bibliography)

NOTES

Important quotes or paraphrases taken from the source

IN-TEXT CITATION

First word/words in source entry found in the bibliography

mla citations final paper2
“MLA CITATIONS” & FINAL PAPER

Bibliography

Bass, DavidN. "The Millennial Generation Lacks a Strong Work Ethic." The Millennial Generation. Ed. David Haugen and Susan Musser. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2013. Opposing Viewpoints. Rpt. from "Diapers for 26- Year-Olds." American Spectator (11 Oct. 2011). Gale Opposing Viewpoints In Context. Web. 6 Feb. 2013.

Paper Excerpt

…. Americans need to consider that“In 2009, the average four-year college graduate owed $24,000 in student-loan debt” (Bass).That's sustainable if a student leaves school with a degree in a high-demand field like nursing or engineering since they pay decent salaries right from the start. However, liberal arts majors tend to have a harder time finding jobs and often spend the first year, if not more, of post-college life waiting tables (Bass). These minimum wage jobs do not provide enough income to begin paying off student loans.

  • MLA REQUIRES:
  • Source Citation in the bibliography
  • In-Text citations that refer to the source citation.
bibliography page1
BIBLIOGRAPHY PAGE

A separate page at the end of a text that lists all of the sources used for research in an alphabetical, indented list using MLA format.

(PG. 8-10 IN PACKET)

  • NOTE: The first word for each source should be either:
  • author’s last name
  • or the
  • Title of the work if there is no author.
creating notesheets
CREATING NOTESHEETS
  • Find a source you think you will use
  • Get a piece of paper or scroll to a new page in your word document. Make sure you put your name on it!
  • Write the source information in MLA format
  • Take IMPORTANT, RELEVANT notes from the article (Quoteorparaphrase)
      • Statistics/Numbers
      • Expert Opinions
      • Specific regulations, definitions, incidences, people, or effects (avoid general statements like “many” or “a few”)
  • Try to limit yourself to 4-5 important facts from each source and avoid taking huge chunks of information.
notesheet practice
NOTESHEET PRACTICE

SAMPLE USING THE ARTICLE “AMERICAN TEENAGE PREGNANCIES RISE FOR THE FIRST TIME IN 15 YEARS.”

current goals
CURRENT GOALS

Make sure you’re interested in your topic. You CANNOT change after Tuesday, January 21st

  • TODAY: Make a notesheet!
  • LIBRARY RESEARCH DAYS:1/16, 1/24, 1/30, 2/3
      • 3 notesheets due on Monday, January 27
      • 5 notesheets total due on Tuesday, February 4
  • STUCK?
      • Make a list of synonyms or phrases for your topic
      • List more specific ideas/aspects of your topic that you may potentially want to research or look into.

That’s

next Friday!

notesheet practice1
NOTESHEET PRACTICE

Write down the accurate citation:

*This was done for you! You’re welcome 

Take GOOD notes… no more than 5!

Remember, you will need to use 5 sources total in your paper, so you don’t want to overwhelm yourself with notes.

Using the article entitled “American Teen Pregnancies Rise for the First Time in 15 Years,” create a sample notesheet.

argument free write 5 pts1
ARGUMENT FREE-WRITE ( 5 pts. )
  • Use this time as a free-write to discuss your ARGUMENT. Include what you will argue, why you chose this side of the argument, etc.
  • THINGS TO INCLUDE:
        • List more specific ideas/aspects of your topic that you may potentially want to research or look into.
        • Create a PRO/CON list
        • WHY you feel the way you do
        • Questions you have for MS. MCQ so far?
up coming schedule
UP-COMING SCHEDULE

THIS WEEK:

Bibliographies

Preliminary Outlines (Due: Wed.)

Thesis Statements (Due: Wed.)

Vocab 6 Quiz moved to Tues 2/19

UP-COMING DUE DATES:

5 notesheets (3 edited + 2 new) & Bibliography are due Thurs 2/21

*You will have 2 more research days in class

notesheets

Jeffrey Fagan. "Deterrence Studies Are Inconsistent and Unscientific." Current Controversies: Capital Punishment. Ed. Paul Connors. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2008. Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Gale. Parkland Senior High School Library. 9 Feb. 2010 <http://find.galegroup.com/ovrc/infomark.do.com>

      •  “Costs of obtaining convictions and executions in capital cases range from $2.5 to $5 million dollars per case (in current dollars), compared to less than $1 million for each killer sentenced to life without parole”
      • 2) The death penalty does not deter any future crimes.
      • ver the past 5 years, both death sentences and executions have declined as the murder rates have also declined. The use of the death penalty does not stop criminals from committing crimes.
      • 4) “In those countries of the world where capital punishment is still in operation, the crime rate is distinctively low
      • 5) “Between 1965-1980, where few executions took place, the number of annual murders in the U.S. increased by 131 percent.”
      • 6) “From 1976, when executions were resumed, until 2002-JUL-1, there have been 784 executions in the US. About 30 to 60 prisoners are currently killed annually, most by lethal injection. About two out of three executions (65.6%) are conducted in five states: Texas, Virginia, Missouri, Florida and Oklahoma. Texas leads the other states in number of killings (256 killings; 34% of the national total). There were about 3,690 prisoners sentenced to death in 37 state death rows, and 31 being held by the U.S. government and military. 3 About 1.5% are women. Recent laws have expanded the number of crimes for which capital punishment can be applied. Other legislation has reduced some of the appeal mechanisms available to those on death row.”
NOTESHEETS
  • EDITING FOR QUALITY
notesheet check list
Notesheet Check List:

Source Citation in MLA format at the top

- Author’s last name, first name

In-Text Citation at the end of each note (quotes & paraphrases).

Each note has quotation marks where necessary

  • Fagan, Jeffrey. "Deterrence Studies Are Inconsistent and Unscientific." Current Controversies:
  • Capital Punishment. Ed. Paul Connors. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2008. Opposing Viewpoints
  • Resource Center. Gale. Parkland Senior High School Library. 9 Feb. 2010
  • <http://find.galegroup.com/ovrc/infomark.do.com>
      •  “Costs of obtaining convictions and executions in capital cases range from $2.5 to $5 million dollars per case (in current dollars), compared to less than $1 million for each killer sentenced to life without parole”(Fagan).
      • 2) “Between 1965-1980, where few executions took place, the number of annual murders in the U.S. increased by 131 percent”(Fagan).
  • *REMEMBER: If there is NO AUTHOR, put the title as the in-text citation.
  • Ex. “Between 1965-1980 it increased by 131 percent”(“Deterrence Studies Are…”).

(pg. 6-7)

notesheets1

(*SOURCE WITH NO AUTHOR)

"Crime Drops In Newark, But Murders

Keep On Rising." The New York Times.

(2 April 2007): B1. Opposing Viewpoints

Resource Center. Gale. Parkland Senior High

School Library. 29 Jan. 2008.

Note 1: Shootings in Newark -

IN 2006 -- 99; IN 2007 -- 57 (“Crime in

Newark...”)

Note 2: Burglaries in Newark -

IN 2006 -- 296; IN 2007 -- 155 (“Crime in

Newark...”)

Note 3: Arrests in Newark -

IN 2006 -- 5,890; IN 2007 -- 7,170

(“Crime in Newark...”)

(*SOURCE WITH AUTHOR)

Feuer, Alan. "IN BRIEF; Newark Crime

Statistics Suggest 30-Year Lows." The New

York Times. (3 Nov 1997): NA. Opposing

Viewpoints Resource Center. Gale. Parkland

Senior High School Library. 29 Jan. 2008 .

Note 1: “Over the last two years, serious

crime has fallen by 27 percent in Newark,

with murders down by half and burglaries and

robberies down by a fifth this year alone” (Feurer).

Note 2:“Arrest totals have increased by 40 percent over the same period in 1996, based largely on targeting drug offenders, the police said” (Feurer).

NOTESHEETS

(pg. 6-7)

  • Source Citations: Author’s last name FIRST
          • Put In-Text Citation after ALL notes… punctuation after
          • *Should match first words of bibliography!
          • Use quotation marks if taken verbatim
slide44

NOTESHEETS:

Common Mistakes

  • SOURCE CITATIONS:
        • MLA format is a must… See pgs. 9-10
        • LAST NAME of author goes first!
        • If you see “N.P.” you must add the missing info or delete it.
        • Capitalize Important/Major Title Words

Ex. “Wasting Away Towards a Natural Gas Substitute.”

  • IN-TEXT CITAITONS:
    • Use whatever comes first in the source citation
        • 1 Author – (Spence).
        • 2 Authors – (Spence and Doe).
        • 3+ Authors – (Spence et al).
        • Titles -
          • Quotation marks around titles that aren’t books! Books are Italicized or underlined…NOT both
          • Be consistent Ex. (“Cyberbullying is on…”)
    • Period goes AFTER citation Ex. “blah blahblah” (Spence).
slide45

NOTESHEETS:

Good Notes

NOTES:

  • Take specific facts/examples
  • Highlights benefits, negatives, or solution
  • “I” - mention who is saying it to give credibility

GOOD ARGUMENTS HAVE…

  • Ethos – CREDIBILITY
  • Logos – LOGIC
      • Facts, laws, statistics, expert opinions,
  • Pathos – EMOTIONAL APPEAL
      • Stories, shock value

SAMPLES OF VAGUE::

  • “Civil unions are not fully equivalent to marriage and deprive same-sex couples of equal rights.”
  • “Using gasoline takes a toll on everything – economy, environment, national security.”

SAMPLES OF GOOD:

  • “In 1996, a Defense of Marriage Act was passed this act was deemed unconstitutional in 2012.”
  • “According to the US Society of Neuroscience, evidence shows that ‘cannabinoids directly interfere with pain signaling in the nervous system”
slide46

RESEARCH: ROUND 2

  • We will have two last research days – Today & Monday - to finalize our research and conference if necessary.
  • NEXT DUE DATE:Wed 2/5
      • 5 Notesheets minimum
          • - 2 original edited + 3 new
      • Bibliography (TYPED)
      • (*Both will be graded on completion, accuracy of format, quality of notes. )
bibliography pg 8 10
BIBLIOGRAPHY (pg. 8-10)

•Begin your bibliography list on a SEPARATE page from the text of the essay. (This page is NOT included in the 5-7 requirement.).

• Label and center the word Bibliography at the top of the page.

*DO NOT underline it or put it in quotation marks.

• Double space all entries.

• Do NOT skip spaces between entries.

• Indent all additional lines (except the first) 1 inch for each source.

• Alphabetize: Sources should be listed alphabetically by author (or title if there is no author listed)

mla format is a must

PACKET: pgs. 8-10

  • NOODLE TOOLS: http://noodletools.com/login.php
      • Parkland pays for it… password on pg. 12
  • EASY BIB: http://www.easybib.com/
      • You may have to pay or sign-up?

BIBLIOGRAPHY HELP

MLA FORMAT IS A MUST!!
notesheet check list1

Fagan, Jeffrey. "Deterrence Studies Are Inconsistent and Unscientific." Current Controversies:

  • Capital Punishment. Ed. Paul Connors. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2008. Opposing Viewpoints
  • Resource Center. Gale. Parkland Senior High School Library. 9 Feb. 2010
  • <http://find.galegroup.com/ovrc/infomark.do.com>
      •  “Costs of obtaining convictions and executions in capital cases range from $2.5 to $5 million dollars per case (in current dollars), compared to less than $1 million for each killer sentenced to life without parole”(Fagan).
      • 2) “Between 1965-1980, where few executions took place, the number of annual murders in the U.S. increased by 131 percent”(Fagan).
  • *REMEMBER: If there is NO AUTHOR, put the title as the in-text citation.
  • Ex. “Between 1965-1980… increased by 131 percent”(“Deterrence Studies Are…”).
Notesheet Check List:
  • Source Citation in MLA format at the top
      • - Author’s last name, first name
  • In-Text Citation at the end of each note (quotes & paraphrases).
  • Each note has quotation marks where necessary
slide50

BIBLIOGRAPHY CHECK LIST:

• Label and center the word Bibliography at the top of the page.

• Double space all entries

• Do NOT skip spaces between entries.

• Indent all additional lines (after the first) 1 inch for each source.

• ALPHABETIZE: Sources should be listed alphabetically by whatever comes first - author or title if there is no author listed