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Overview - FASB Exposure Draft Leases (Topic 840). February 2, 2011. Douglas Boedeker , CPA, CMA Dboedeker@tatetryon.com 202-419-5106. Course Outline. Why is the exposure draft being issued? FASB timeline Project scope Recording by lessees Work through an example Recording by lessors

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Overview fasb exposure draft leases topic 840

Overview - FASB Exposure DraftLeases (Topic 840)

February 2, 2011

Douglas Boedeker, CPA, CMA



Course outline
Course Outline

Why is the exposure draft being issued?

FASB timeline

Project scope

Recording by lessees

Work through an example

Recording by lessors



The fasb iasb lease project why
The FASB/IASB Lease Project – WHY?


Leases are an important source of finance – more information required.

Concern over lack of comparability.

Concern over “bright-line” test for operating vs. capital lease.

Fasb timeline
FASB Timeline


  • Exposure Draft Issued – August 17, 2010

  • Public Comment Period Ended – December 15, 2010

    • 778 comment letters were received!

  • Final standard currently anticipated for release sometime in 2Q2011

Scope of the proposed standard
Scope of the proposed standard


Simple – ALL Leases

Except :

Leases of intangible assets

Leases of mineral rights, etc.

Leases of biological assets

Distinct service components of a lease agreement should be accounted for in accordance with the new ED on revenue from contracts with customers.

What is a lease
What is a “lease”?


“A contract in which the right to use a specified asset is conveyed, for a period of time, in exchange for consideration.”

Initial recording by a lessee
Initial Recording by a Lessee


  • Determine the “lease liability”

    (Future anticipated cash payments discounted to present value at either the lessee’s incremental borrowing rate or the rate implicit in the contract.)

  • Determine the “right of use asset”

    (Lease liability plus initial direct costs of acquiring the lease.)

Subsequent recording by a lessee
Subsequent Recording by a Lessee


Amortize the “right of use asset”. (Probably on a straight-line basis.)

Adjust the lease liability using the effective interest rate method.

(Essentially treated like a note payable.)

Reassess significant assumptions and adjust for current facts and circumstances. (Discount rate does NOT change.)

Thus, the P&L reflects amortization expense and interest expense.

Items requiring judgment
Items requiring judgment


  • The lease term to be used when recording the lease is the longest possible term that is more likely than not to occur.

  • Contingent rentals must be estimated up-front using a probability analysis.

  • Payments to be made under residual value guarantees should also be estimated and factored in to the initial lease liability.

  • At the end of each reporting period the following items must be reassessed and adjusted as necessary:

    • Lease term

    • Contingent rentals and residual value guarantees

    • Right of use asset (for impairment)

Determining the lease term

Assume a tenant enters into a five year lease with two five-year renewal options.

The tenant must assess the likelihood of whether each renewal option will be exercised.

HINT: Always start this analysis with the longest possible term at the bottom and work your way up!

Determining the “lease term”

A 10 year term will be used when initially recording the lease.


Contingent rents
Contingent Rents five-year renewal options.

Let’s assume that our lease includes a provision for annual “pass-throughs” based on increases in building operating expenses and property taxes. These are anticipated to start at $50,000 per year.

Our tenant’s incremental borrowing rate is 8%.


Calculating the liability and asset
Calculating the Liability and Asset five-year renewal options.

Let’s assume that our lease mandates annual fixed “base” payments of $1,000,000 per year.

Legal fees of $10,000 were incurred as part of the review of the lease document.

Based on the lease term and contingent rental analysis performed, the liability and asset are calculated as follows…….


Subsequent entries for year one
Subsequent entries for year one five-year renewal options.


Lessor accounting
Lessor Accounting five-year renewal options.


Does the lessor retain significant risks or benefits of the underlying asset during or subsequent to the expected lease contract?

If NO, use the “Derecognition Approach”

If YES, use the “Performance Obligation Approach”

Lessor accounting derecognition approach
Lessor Accounting – Derecognition Approach five-year renewal options.


  • Leased asset is removed from the books (treated like a sale, term is “lease expense” instead of COGS).

  • Receivable is booked for the “right to receive lease payments”.

  • Recognizes the bulk of revenue up front, with interest income recorded on the subsequent cash payments.

Lessor accounting performance obligation approach
Lessor Accounting – Performance Obligation Approach five-year renewal options.


Leased asset stays on books (and depreciated as usual).

Receivable is booked for the “right to receive lease payments”.

Liability (unearned revenue) is booked for the corresponding “lease liability”.

The unearned revenue is recognized over time (likely straight-line basis). Term to be used is “lease income”.

Interest income is recognized on the receivable.

Transition five-year renewal options.


“Simplified Retrospective Method”

Determine all remaining lease payments as of date of implementation, discount, and record the corresponding asset and liability.

Implementation Date

Nothing definite yet, perhaps 2013 or later for nonpublic entities?

Good luck
Good Luck! five-year renewal options.