Openness and the eu cities opencities conference greg clark february 2008
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Openness and the EU Cities. OpenCities Conference. Greg Clark February 2008. An Urban and Metropolitan World. Globalisation and the knowledge economy have repositioned metropolitan regions as drivers of national economies:.

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Openness and the eu cities opencities conference greg clark february 2008

Openness and the EU Cities.OpenCities Conference.Greg ClarkFebruary 2008

An urban and metropolitan world
An Urban and Metropolitan World

  • Globalisation and the knowledge economy have repositioned metropolitan regions as drivers of national economies:

  • 2025: 75% of world population will live in cities/metropolitan areas

    2025: 17 of world’s 25 largest cities will be in coastal regions in Asia

1925: 25% of world population lived in cities

Medium term measures of city success
Medium term measures of City success?

  • Connectivity and space to grow.

  • Quality of Life and Place (eg Urban Design).

  • Skills of labour force.

  • Innovation and Creativity

  • Entrepreneurship.

  • Industrial structure.

  • Cost base of cities.

  • Transparency of business environment.

  • Identity and Brand Building.

  • Ability to implement strategic change.

Longer term measures of city success
Longer term measures of city success?

  • Power of the City Identity and Brand.

  • Location and Access to growing markets.

  • Role of city in International Trade.

  • Power of influence of language and regulatory/legal systems.

  • Depth of artistic, architectural and cultural endowment.

  • City leadership.

  • Success in adjusting to shocks and luck in being on the right side of conflicts.

  • Investment in the city from all sources (including higher tiers of government).

  • Sustainability in terms of climate and environmental sensitivity.

  • Openness to International Populations.

Core issues
Core issues

  • Knowledge economy, globalisation, connectivity and conflict are all drivers of human mobility.

  • Cities are the junction boxes.

  • Cities within same national frameworks have different appeal for international populations.

  • Understanding national factors and local factors is key.

  • Cities have different and distinctive roles and futures. Different kinds of cities.

  • Cities have different tools and powers.

  • City leadership is key.

  • Integration and successful settlement may be key to longer term attractiveness.

  • Peer review and learning together is key methodology.

  • Europe has lessons fro rest of world and can also learn from elsewhere.

The competitive advantage of diversity for regions and localities
The competitive advantage of diversity for regions and localities.

  • Quality of life for knowledge economy.

  • Richer visitor experience.

  • Spur to creativity and innovation.

  • Openness to wider markets, populations, and customers.

  • Trade and exchanges with international markets

  • Levels of entrepreneurship and aspiration.

  • Better corporate relations.

  • Attractive ness for international investments/events

    Serve the global market from one location!

8 factors and 40 measures of open ness
8 factors and 40 measures of Open-ness? localities

  • Economic factors: Population, Employment, Enterprise, Skills & Qualifications.

  • Regulatory factors: Citizenship, Welfare, Health, Housing, social inclusion.

  • Cultural factors: Civic organisations, mixed marriages, creative expressions, media, food.

  • Amenity factors: Signage/information, language, education, retail, and neighbourhood mixity.

  • Connectivity/Accessibility factors:

    Ports and Gateways, digital access, public transport, city centres.

  • Internationalisation factors: International populations, business, events, institutions, visitors, and students.

  • Risk factors: Crime, security, disasters, deportation, racism and xenophobia.

  • Leadership factors: Diversity strategy, brand and belonging, voting and representation, active projects.

Framework for city growth
Framework for city growth localities

Global economy and Macro-economic framework


Feedback effects

Economic growth performance


Use of resources


Innovation & creativity

Industrial structure

Business ownership & mgt

Human capital

Environ mgt

Connectivity .


Business environment & investment

Educational and research base

Land and physical infrastructure

Social/ cultural infrastructure & quality of life

Ecological base .

Governance structure .


Example? localities

What have we done
What have we done? localities

  • Preliminary paper. Concept of Openness.

  • Background report: EU Cities and Immigration.

  • Case studies.

  • Working Notes.

  • Seminar Reports.

  • Photographic project.

  • City Indexes: towards an Openness Index.

  • Recruitment of cities.

  • Ways to involve other bodies.

What will we do
What will we do? localities

  • Develop the network and its work – seeking partnership with EU.

  • Test the concept of openness further.

  • Diagnosing and measuring openness.

  • Local action plans for cities.

  • Role of city leaders.

  • An openness index or kitemark.

  • A world wide project.