H ow to R ead the B ible. Hermeneutics. What does this quote mean? . “As to those who reject faith, I will punish them with terrible agony in this world and in the Hereafter, nor will they have anyone to help.” Q: Where does this quote come from? A: The Koran
“As to those who reject faith, I will punish them with terrible agony in this world and in the Hereafter, nor will they have anyone to help.”
Q: Where does this quote come from?
A: The Koran
Q: What is it referring to?
A: Killing anyone who gets in the way of Islam.
“…and so the lion fell in love with the lamb.”
Q: What do you think this quote is referring to?
A: Two people falling in love
Q: Where do you think it came from?
What do you need to know in order to determine meaning?
How do these affect how you interpret what you read?
Whenever we read anything, we have to determine several different things at once. When you receive a text message, you have to determine who sent it, what they said, why they said it, and what they meant by it.
You do this almost instantly with text messages, because you know who sent them (usually), and you know why they sent it (usually). But what if it’s something written to someone else a long, long time ago, like say the Bible?
This process is called Hermeneutics.
Hermeneutics is “the science and art of interpreting an author’s meaning.”
Interpreting scripture is immensely important!
You cannot rely only on what another person says about what the Bible means – even teachers, parents, and pastors can get it wrong.
Hermeneutics = science and art of interpreting meaning. Big picture, 30,000 feet type of ideas. It is the study of HOW to interpret scripture
Exegesis = the study of APPLYING scripture – drawing the meaning out of a passage of scripture
In other words, hermeneutics asks “why do we interpret it this way? How do we interpret it at all?” Exegesis asks “what is it actually saying.”
Hermeneutics is almost scientific, in that there are techniques and methods you can apply
Exegesis is critical in nature – it means this not that.
Exegesis is important, because without it, you can’t determine what the Bible is trying to tell you. Without Hermeneutics, you don’t know where to even begin pulling meaning out of a text.
There are several tools out there for us to use when studying the Bible. The most common are:
None of these tools is useful if you do not know how to use them.
There is also one other thing that makes these tools actually work. You could know how to use these tools better than anyone, and still get everything wrong. What is it?