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  1. eSAR e-Development Thematic Group / Quickstart Presentation September 8th, 2005 Kareem Abdel Aziz - SASFP

  2. Key messages • ICT for development has become a core development topic • There is clear and explicitclient demand for ICT development assistance • The World Bank Group is currently heavily involved in this area • Current approach is uncoordinated and poorly managed. • There is a need for a more coordinated and comprehensive strategic approach to this topic. eSAR

  3. How did we get here? World Bank Group - ICT Strategy Prepared by GICT in 2003 2003 EAP SAR ECA AFR MENA LAC eSAR CORE TEAM SASFP GICT ISG SAR ICT TASK FORCE SASHD SARPS SARFMSASPR SASEI SASARSASES WBI IFCINFODEV Summer 2004 Core Team Responsible for: Performing Background Research Developing Strategy Task Force Responsible for: Review and Feedback on Strategy Implementation of the Strategy eSAR

  4. How was the Plan Developed? • DEMAND • Country Policy Statements (PRSP, NDP, ICT Strategies etc) • ICT Related Initiatives • SUPPLY • Internal WB Capacity • SAR’s Past Performance • ICT in the CAS SAR ICT STRATEGY eSAR

  5. What was done? • Defined ICT for Development • Developed an ICT for Development Framework • Performed a country by country analysis to evaluate the following • Overall economic objectives / context for each country • Overall ICT for development objectives • Summary of current ICT related initiatives • Reviewed SAR project portfolio to determine the nature of SAR’s ICT related involvement. • CAS/PRSP comparison for each country to identify gaps between national objectives and WB objectives. • Bottom Line – A lot has been done. eSAR

  6. ICT CHALLENGES ECONOMIC SECTORS OUTCOMES POTENTIAL APPLICATIONS • Limited Knowledge Sharing • Poor Productivity • Geographic Constraints • Poor level of economic info. • Increased Corruption Public Sector Capacity • Tax Modernization • Land & Property Registration • Knowledge Sharing • Increased Productivity • Overcoming Geography • Higher Level of Economic Data • Reduced Corruption Agriculture & Rural Dev. • Agr. Commodity Trading • Early Warning System Urban Development • Land Management Systems • Virtual Cadastre Private / Financial Sector • IT Parks / SEZ • E-Business Human Development • IT Training Centers • Environmental Health Patterns Infrastructure Dev. • Telecom Infrastructure • Internet Connectivity Bottom Line – ICT IS A MEANS TO AN END What is ICT? eSAR

  7. (1) Ultimate Goal – The Millennium Development Goals should be the drivers behind the use of information communication technologies in our development work. MDGs (2) Information Society – The IS allows for the use of information to achieve economic objectives. The Information Society is a platform to achieve the MDGs. Information Society (3) Institutional Capacity / Leadership – A pre-condition to implement and sustain any reform program. Leadership (4) Enabling Environment- These are the basic elements of an Information Society enabling environment. Information Communication Infrastructure Legal & Regulatory Framework IT Literacy / Skilled Labor (5) ICT Applications / Programs - Various ICT applications In an information society. ICT Sector Development Sector Specific Applications Knowledge Economy Development e-Government What is the ICT Development Framework? eSAR

  8. What do our clients want? • 8 out of 8 countries in the region have explicit ICT strategies. • Many of the countries in the region have explicit references to the use of ICT in achieving goals set out in the PRSPs. • Most of the countries in the region would like to replicate the South India model in developing Software and Services industry. • All of the countries suffer from relatively poor enabling environment for the use of ICT. • Bottom Line – ICT is important to our clients! eSAR

  9. What have we been doing? • As a region, more than 40% of our projects involve significant investments in ICT. • 62% of our projects with ICT components involve various aspects of e-Government (involving 7 different sector units). • 23% of our projects with ICT components involve other sector specific applications such as e-Education and e-Health. • Bottom Line – As a region we are already involved in ICT for Development. eSAR

  10. What is wrong with our approach? • ICT components in Bank projects are growing in number and size, but they are not well coordinated and managed. • The Bank as a whole faces significant under-capacity in the ICT area • There is no clear institutional map of operational responsibilities which go beyond the traditional ICI agenda. • Monitoring and evaluation of ICT work and initiatives are problematic • Little research and development and dissemination of best practices is being done. • Bottom Line – Improvements needed! eSAR

  11. (1) Ultimate Goal – The Millennium Development Goals should be the drivers behind the use of information communication technologies in our development work. MDGs (2) Information Society – The IS allows for the use of information to achieve economic objectives. The Information Society is a platform to achieve the MDGs. Information Society (3) Institutional Capacity / Leadership – A pre-condition to implement and sustain any reform program. Leadership (4) Enabling Environment- These are the basic elements of an Information Society enabling environment. Standardized Assessment Tools IT Literacy / Skilled Labor Info.Communication Infrastructure Legal & Reg.Framework SASHD GICT GICT (5) ICT Applications / Programs - Various ICT applications In an information society. ICT Sector Development Sector Specific Applications KE Development e-Government SASFP SASFP Sectors WBI What is the new approach? eSAR • eSAR will involve the development of standardized (yet customizable) assessment tools that can be offered to our client countries. • The assessment tools will allow project teams to diagnose client’s needs based on best practices frameworks. • Lead Units will be assigned to develop each of the proposed ICT Assessment Tools eSAR

  12. What does this strategy achieve? • Roles and responsibilities are defined • Better internal capacity assessment and skills building • Better program development and applied best practices • Better monitoring and evaluation • Reduced project preparation costs and improved quality • Better opportunity for developing external partnerships • Bottom Line – A formalized approach is a better approach eSAR

  13. How will the tools be developed? “e” Assessment Tools Development IMPLICIT CLIENT DEMAND IMPLEMENTATION Research & Development of Best Practices (AAA) Diagnosis & Assessment (AAA) TA and / or Invest. Lending (LEN) Expressed in: Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers National Development Plans ICT Strategies Other Policy Statements Research on Best Practices Development of Diagnostic Tools Development of Monitoring & Evaluation Mechanisms *based on implicit client demand Standardized / Customizable Approach Standardized Monitoring & Evaluation Tools Formalized Training External Partnerships *requires explicit client demand eSAR

  14. Are these areas important to our clients? eSAR

  15. Are these areas important to our clients cont’d? eSAR

  16. SASHD GICT GICT SASFP SASFP Sectors SASFP What’s next? eSAR • GICT Initiatives On-going • GICT to continue to develop these areas. • Phase III – FY 07/08 • Bottom up review • Formal review of SAR ICT portfolio • for lessons • learned. IT Literacy / Skilled Labor Info.Communication Infrastructure Legal & Reg.Framework ICT Sector Development Sector Specific Applications KE Development e-Government • Phase I – FY 05/06 • eGovernment • eGovernment workprogram piloted in Pakistan and Bangladesh. • On-going eGov work in India and Sri Lanka. • Phase II – FY 06/07 • Sector Specific ICT Applications • SAR sector units will be encouraged to develop sector specific ICT workprograms & training. eSAR

  17. Potential Collaborations • TTL Training & Capacity Building Exercises – EAP & AFR • Cross regional program development for eGovernment - AFR • Learning events for sector specific applications eg. HD, RD, PSD • Encourage ICT focus by anchor units to ensure consistency and efficiency • Encourage the development of partnerships with external agencies and corporations with experience in these areas • Close collaboration with ISG and GICT as partnering units for the implementation of eSAR. eSAR

  18. eSAR Let us capture the opportunity