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SHIT happens Conceptualization of „Day 1“ (1st. attempt) Helmut Jung, 2008 PowerPoint Presentation
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SHIT happens Conceptualization of „Day 1“ (1st. attempt) Helmut Jung, 2008. outline. Lessons from „Day 1“: what can we conceptualize ? sanitation system: too complex for planning? Sanitation sector: what are the basic and necessary functions and responsibilities to succeed

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slide1

SHIT happens

Conceptualization of „Day 1“

(1st. attempt)

Helmut Jung, 2008

outline
outline
  • Lessons from „Day 1“: what can we conceptualize ?
  • sanitation system: too complex for planning?
  • Sanitation sector: what are the basic and necessary functions and responsibilities to succeed
  • Urban / peri urban /informal settlements: where are the people?
  • Planning – implementing – operating: are there only projects?

? Peri urban sanitation: is there a way forward ?

lessons from day 1
lessons from „day 1“
  • We all know enough – it is time to act!
  • There are excellent and coherent concepts like HCES, CLTS, PHASTand others; now they have to be adopted specifically and in large scale
  • Major issues are: the enabling environment, complex peri urban context, community driven processes political will, scale, financing incl. subsidies, ….

? Are we (donors / experts) part of the solution or part of the problem

some critical points
some critical points …
  • We always talk about and implement projects – could this be the bottle neck for real development of sanitation?
  • We go ahead to develop new concepts and methods, pilot projects etc. – could this be our weak point?
  • We tell people to change behaviour without knowing their reality and perception -

? Shouldn`t we change our behaviour and accept the leadership of local partners

system picture of the sector

Bio - Geo- Hydrosphere

Water resources

Climate

Withdrawl of water

Waste-water disposal

Politics

Legislation

Technical

infrastructure

Regulation

Administration

Landuse

agruculture, industry

traffic, waste, energy, etc.

Population / Settlement

structure, health, education,

gender situation, households, etc

Economy

macro-/ micro-

system picture of the sector
necessary functions in the sector
necessary functions in the sector
  • Development of policies and strategies
  • Development of a legal setting and governance instruments
  • Enforcement of the legal setting
  • Funding and finance mechanisms
  • Regional planning (demand – response – financing)
  • Implementation and supervision
  • Operation and technical/organisational support
  • Regulation and controlling
  • Capacity building and applied research
  • Monitoring and trans-sectoral governance
  • Others …..
some critical points9
some critical points …
  • We always talk about and realize projects – could this be the bottle neck for real development of sanitation?
  • We go ahead to develop new concepts and methods – could this be our weak point?
  • We simplify the reality to relieve planning (logframe !)
  • We tell people to change behaviour without knowing their reality and perception -

? Shouldn`t we change our behaviour and accept the leadership of local partners

some peri urban characteristics
some peri urban characteristics
  • Demand definition is very complicated, it depends on the economic background and life perspective of people
  • Demand, expectations and behaviour have a wide range from extreme traditional to extreme frustrated depending on the social status of the families
  • Informal settlements might have hidden social structures and informal authorities – an improvement of infrastructure can push real poor into invisibility
  • People refuse to invest money and energy because they dont know where they will be in the next years
  • ? A partial formalisation of informal settlements via infrastructure can endanger the population and unsettle local government
some ideas for the way forward
some ideas for the way forward
  • Instead of isolated project, sanitation needs harmonization and alignement with local demand definition
  • Sanitation needs a legal setting combined with financial support and mechanisms (pull – push) and governance
  • The enabling environment has to be created or developed and not claimed
  • Instruments for planning, implementation and operation have to be integrated on all institutional levels
  • The community as a key player has to be supported in all directions

!! As every where else in the world social development needs ownership, dialogue, trial and error, social values and time