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Rail Transit Impacts on Trip Making and Land Development in Shanghai, China. This study is jointly supported by Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) the Lincoln Institute of Land Policy (Cambridge, MA) and the University of Texas at Austin Prepared by Haixiao Pan, Ph.D.
This study is jointly supported by
Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)
the Lincoln Institute of Land Policy (Cambridge, MA) and
the University of Texas at Austin
Haixiao Pan, Ph.D.
Professor, Department of urban Planning
Tongji University, Shanghai, China
Ming Zhang, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor, Community & Regional Planning
The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712
· Intention for the metro:
1 improve mobility
2 spatial structuring against sprawl
· Purpose of the study:
1 How has the introduction of Shanghai’s metro rail influenced trip making?
2 Does the development of the metro system affect land use around transit stations?
Central area density in year of 2000 and 1990
(thousand, person/square km)
3.1 times higher than Beijing, and 2.9 timeshigher than Tianjin.
Growth rate over 10 percent for more than thirteen years
Rail Transit Passenger Trips in Shanghai
Rail Transit Lines in Shanghai
Conducted by the Department of Urban Planning at Tongji University of 40 students and faculty member in the three years
rail transit is mostly used for work commute
In 2000 less developed service in suburban ,more travel for recreation
Big shift from bus to metro.
Less passenger in 2000 due to:
fare too high.
not direct link to destinations
inconvenient for transfers
Changes in Trip Times
Increase in less than 30 minutes proportions
Decrease in longer time proportions
Frequency of downtown visit
Quite frequent to visit downtown for the vitality of city center
land use compositions in 0-200 vs. 200-500 buffer
Land use composition in suburban stations of Metro Line-1, Shanghai
Comparison of development intensity between 0-200 and 200-500 buffer zones in Shanghai
compare the land uses between 2000 and 2003 for Xinzhuang Station:
more commercial and office uses replaced residential uses in areas closer to the station
Development intensity among three metro lines in Shanghai
Line-1 is more intense than Line-2
Line-2 is more intense than Line-3
Change in Housing Prices
Jiang wan Zhen Station, the North terminal of Line-3
Sun Yat-sen Park Station
December Last Year
Not So Success Yet
70% by Public Transport
Metro Double the Visitor
Surveyed in August 2005