A Brief History of Women in the Military. American Revolution & Civil War. No official role in the military Worked as cooks, seamstresses, caregivers, nurses, and launderers Some disguised themselves as men and fought in battle Some acted as spies, saboteurs, and couriers.
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
American Revolution & Civil War • No official role in the military • Worked as cooks, seamstresses, caregivers, nurses, and launderers • Some disguised themselves as men and fought in battle • Some acted as spies, saboteurs, and couriers
Spanish American War & World War I • Nursing Corps formed as an auxiliary to the Army (1901) and Navy (1908). • 34,000 women served as nurses in all armed forces in WWI. • No military rank. No military benefits.
World War II • Women given full military status • Navy WAVES (1942) • Army WAC (1943) • Airforce WASPS • Marine Corps Women’s Reserve • Coast Guard Women’s Reserve
World War II • Nurses, secretaries, telephone operators • 350,000 women served in the military representing 2% of the total force • Women became permanent members of the Regular and Reserve forces (1948)
Korea & Vietnam • Roles increased due to changes in society and the needs of the military • Nurses, clerical/administrative, communications, personnel, finance, data processing, intelligence • Initially 1% of the military force
1970’s • First women generals and admirals • All Volunteer Force (end of the draft) • Title 9 – girls active in school sports • Service academies opened to women (1976) • Women integrated fully into military branches of services • Women entered Airborne Training
1980’s • Combat Exclusion Policy • Operation Urgent Fury - Grenada • Operation Just Cause - Panama
Desert Storm • Transportation, helicopter pilots, missiles, supply, medics, and more • 40,000 women • Greater acceptance of women in expanded roles
Iraq & Afghanistan • Serving on Navy ships, and as combat pilots, truck drivers, Marine search teams • 180,000 women in the war zone • Repeated deployments
Key Points • Women’s role in the military is evolving and expanding • Women represent 15% of active force, 23% of reserves • Women as a percentage of the veteran population is growing (2.5% in 1970 to 8% in 2010) • Average female veteran is 46 compared to the average male veteran at 60. • “Combat exclusion” no longer an option