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Chapter 2: Comparing Forms of Government. Mr. Senseney. BELL-RINGER REMINDER. THIS IS A BRAND NEW CHAPTER WITH BRAND NEW BELL-RINGERS. DIRECTIONS: 1- SKIP ONE LEFT HAND SIDE PAGE 2- TITLE CHAPTER 2 BELL-RINGERS 3- BEGIN WORK ON BELL-RINGERS. Notebooks (Chapter 2) . LEFT SIDE

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bell ringer reminder
BELL-RINGER REMINDER
  • THIS IS A BRAND NEW CHAPTER WITH BRAND NEW BELL-RINGERS.
  • DIRECTIONS:
  • 1- SKIP ONE LEFT HAND SIDE PAGE
  • 2- TITLE CHAPTER 2 BELL-RINGERS
  • 3- BEGIN WORK ON BELL-RINGERS
notebooks chapter 2
Notebooks (Chapter 2)
  • LEFT SIDE
    • Chapter 2 Title Page: Comparing Forms of Government
    • Chapter 2 Bell-Ringers
    • Current Event #3: Personal Choice
    • Chapter 2 Vocabulary
  • RIGHT SIDE
    • Chapter 2 Notes
    • Chapter 2 Notes (Cont.)
    • American Flag Project
    • Chapter 2 Quiz
table of contents
Table of Contents
  • Now update your Table of Contents, so that it reflects what you just created in your notebooks.
discussion
Discussion
  • What does equality mean to you? Do you think we are truly equal in the United States? Explain!
  • 3/5’s compromise
    • What is this?
  • Bicameral Legislature
    • Congress?
      • Virginia Plan and New Jersey Plans
components of democracy
Components of Democracy
  • Equality
  • Effective participation
    • Having the ability to vote/influence decisions.
  • Emphasis on public education
    • Free education
  • Citizen control of the agenda
forms of government
Forms of Government

Confederation

States possess more power than the federal government. Alliance of states!

Also known as….._________________

Monarchy

Oldest Form of Government

Usually involves a King or a Queen!

What is this from last chapter?

Democracy

Largest growing form of Government

question
Question

Which is the Oldest Form of Government?

forms of gov t cont
Forms of Gov’t Cont.

Parliamentary Democracy

Voters elect representatives to Parliaments

Party with legislative majority elects Prime Minister

Representative Democracy

Elected representatives make decisions

Confederal Democracy

Small, Independent representation

Direct Democracy

Usually small- like town meetings

Which of the following best describes the U.S.?

question1
Question
  • A Fort Lupton town meeting is an example of what type of government?
question2
Question?

In a Parliamentary Democracy, who elects the Prime Minister?

bell ringer 6
Bell-Ringer #6
  • What are the pros of living in the U.S.? In other words, what are you appreciate of in America?

OR

  • What are the cons of living in the U.S.? In other words, what do you not appreciate of in America?
progression of gov t
Progression of Gov’t
  • 1) Hunter-Gatherer Societies
  • 2) City-states
    • This includes a city and the territory surrounding it.
    • Began in Africa
    • Government arose to:
      • Make sure things were distributed evenly in society.
history of government
History of Government
  • 3)Greece & Rome
    • Athens: Direct democracies begin!
    • Decisions made by people meeting together or voting by ballot.
    • Government was run by WHITE MEN at the time!
    • Rome: representative democracies begin
      • Citizens chose representatives to speak for them.
  • 4) Middle Ages (Feudalism to Nation-States)
    • Feudalism: Exchange of land for military service.
    • Gov’t provides you land, in exchange for your military service.
  • 5) Revolutions Age
    • People got angry
bell ringer 9
Bell-Ringer #9
  • When finished with your Bell-Ringers, take a few minutes to finalize anything you need to finish on your American flags.
preamble work day
Preamble Work-day
  • Jot down the Preamble from pg. 378 in your Civics textbooks
    • Put the Preamble on the top half of your Preamble page.
democracy ideals
Democracy Ideals
  • Federalism
    • Power split between federal and state.
  • Separation of Powers
    • (3) branches of government
    • Each branch can check the other branches.
  • Limited government
  • Civil Liberties & Rights
    • Rights: guarantees BY government
    • Liberties: guarantees AGAINST government.
destructive forms of government
Destructive Forms of Government
  • Dictatorship
    • Usually military led Coup de Tat’s
      • What is a Coup de tat?
      • Can start good but usually turn bad
  • Nazism
    • Based on Racial Superiority
    • Not being Arian (White) meant death
  • Communism
    • Pure- seen as Utopian
    • History has not been good though
advantage disadvantage
Advantage/Disadvantage
  • Dictatorship
    • ADVANTAGE: Efficiency; can make things happen NOW!
    • DISADVANTAGE: Legitimacy; quick to wear out welcome---you receive all of the blame
  • Monarchy
    • ADVANTAGE: Tradition; you know what is expected
    • DISADVANTAGE: Incompetency for years to come. One bad leader usually leads to another.
totalatarianism
Totalatarianism
  • Communism (used in Stalin’s Soviet Union)
    • Communist party holds all the power
    • Hostility to religion and human rights
    • Suppression of opposition
  • Fascism (used in Mussolini’s Italy)
    • Ruler holds all the power
    • Extreme nationalism, or pride in country
    • Big, bold military---use of terror
  • Nazism (used in Hitler’s Germany)
    • Elimination of inferiority.
    • Aggressive territorial expansion.
current communist countries
Current Communist Countries
  • 1- China
  • 2- North Korea
  • 3- Cuba
  • 4- Vietnam

What do you notice about our relations w/ all of these countries?

-North Korea?

-Cuba?

-Vietnam?

interactive notebooks
Interactive Notebooks
  • LEFT SIDE
    • Chapter 3 Bell-Ringers
    • Preamble Page
    • Chapter 3 Vocabulary
    • Current Event #4
  • RIGHT SIDE
    • Chapter 3 Title Page: Federalism
    • Chapter 3 Notes
    • Chapter 3 Notes (Cont.)
    • Chapter 3 Venn Diagram
    • Constitution Reading Notes
monarch vs dictator
Monarch vs. Dictator

Monarch

1 Ruler

Come to power through genetics.

Usually born into it

Authority usually accepted by people

Dictator

1 Ruler

Come to power through takeovers.

Authority usually comes with fear

systems of gov t
Systems of Gov’t

Federal

Countries with large diverse populations usually have this form

Confederal

Small nation sometimes have this

Unitary

Power in Central government

Empires

question3
Question?

What type of System of Gov’t would a Large, Diverse Population Have?

economic systems
Economic Systems

Market

A common feature is the production of high quality goods

Markets determine the price of these goods

Command

Government Planners decide what and how much to produce

Traditional

Economy based on traditions; behind in the times.

Mixed

Elements of command and market

Most common in the world

supply demand
Supply & Demand
  • Law of Supply & Demand shapes market/mixed economies…
    • Prices go up, demand goes down, supply goes up.
    • Prices go down, demand goes up, supply goes down.
    • Think about this at Christmas time.
question4
Question?

Which Economy is most common in the world?

question5
Question?

Who decides what to produce in a Command Economy?

forms of economies
Forms of Economies

Communism

Single party controls government and Economy

Capitalism

Individuals privately own means of production

Role of the entrepreneurs.

Crocs/Apple/etc.

Where would we be today without the contributions of Steve Jobs being an entrepreneur. m

question6
Question?

Who does capitalism attempt to help?