Georgia’s Prehistoric People - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Georgia’s Prehistoric People

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Georgia’s Prehistoric People

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  1. Georgia’s Prehistoric People

  2. Paleo • Before 10,000 years ago • Weapons: Spears, Atlatl • Food: Large animals such as bison, mammoth, ground sloth, and mastodon • Dwelling: No fixed shelter; followed herds of large animals; homes consisted of shelters that could be created easily (pit houses) • Religion: Very little evidence; bodies have been found buried with artifacts and covered with red powder (may suggest belief in an afterlife)

  3. Archaic • 8000 B.C. to 1000 B.C. • Weapon/Tools: Spears, choppers, drills, chipping tools, bone fish hooks, grooved axes, pipes, pottery • Food: deer, bear, turkey rabbit, reptiles, fish, shellfish, berries, nuts, fruits • Dwellings: Crude shelters, stayed in one place longer than the Paleo (semi-permanent shelters); began living in small groups (called bands or clans)

  4. Archaic • Religion: Little evidence; proper burial of the dead became important; tools, weapons, and body ornaments have been found in some burial pits


  5. Woodland • 1000 B.C. to 1000 A.D. • Weapons/Tools: Bow and arrow, pottery • Food: Small game such as deer, bear, turkey rabbit, fish, nuts and berries, some crops (squash and sunflowers) • Dwellings: Small villages of dome-shaped huts (built from wood and clay mixture called wattle and daub) with grass roofs; began living in larger groups called tribes

  6. Woodland • Religion: Elaborate religious ceremonies were introduced; built cone-shaped burial mounds for the dead; bodies wore necklaces, bracelets, rings and copper/bone combs

  7. Mississippian • 700 A.D. to 1600 A.D. • Weapons/Tools: Similar to Woodland culture, stone hoes, copper headdresses • Food: Crops (maize, beans, pumpkins, squash); grew most of what was eaten • Dwellings: Larger villages with more advanced permanent shelters (built of wattle and daub) and ceremonial buildings

  8. Mississippian • Religion: Grew tobacco to use in ceremonies; built centers for religious ceremonies; continued practice of burying their dead