the challenges of joint attention n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
The Challenges Of Joint Attention PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
The Challenges Of Joint Attention

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 14

The Challenges Of Joint Attention - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 145 Views
  • Uploaded on

The Challenges Of Joint Attention . F. Kaplan and V. Hafner. Introduction. Concept of joint attention: Implies viewing the behaviour of other agents as intentionally driven. More than just gaze following or simultaneous looking Outlines the different prerequisites for joint attention

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'The Challenges Of Joint Attention' - tad


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
the challenges of joint attention

The Challenges Of Joint Attention

F. Kaplan and V. Hafner

introduction
Introduction
  • Concept of joint attention:
    • Implies viewing the behaviour of other agents as intentionally driven.
    • More than just gaze following or simultaneous looking
  • Outlines the different prerequisites for joint attention
  • Compares real life development of joint attention with state-of-the-art models (identifies which issues remain).
what is joint attention
What is Joint Attention?
  • Definition of Attention:
    • A process whereby an agent concentrates of some features of the environment to the exclusion of others.
    • Can occur in two situations:
      • Passive Attention
      • Active Attention
    • Attentional behaviour is the externally perceivable behaviour that results from this process
what it is not
What it is NOT
  • Joint Attention is not simultaneous looking.
  • Five typical examples that do not qualify for joint attention:
    • Simultaneous looking triggered by salient event
    • Simultaneous looking triggered by a pop-out effect
    • Coincidental simultaneous looking
    • Gaze following
    • Coordinated gaze on an object
joint attention
Joint Attention
  • Joint attention requires that an agent must be able to:
    • Understand
    • Monitor
    • Direct
  • The attentional behaviour of the other agent
  • Both agents must be aware of this coordination of perspectives towards the world
prerequisites of joint attention
Prerequisites of Joint Attention
  • Attention Detection
    • Following the gaze of another agent
  • Attention Manipulation
    • Use of pointing gestures or words
  • Social Coordination
    • Mastering social techniques such as turn-taking and role-switching
  • Intentional Stance
    • Interpret and predict the behaviour of other agents assuming it is goal directed.
timeline attention detection
Timeline – Attention Detection
  • 0-3 months: Mutual Gaze, at this age babies show preference for face-like patterns
  • 6 – 18 months: Gaze following, over this period of time the babies learn to distinguish head positions and direction of gaze
timeline attention manipulation
Timeline – Attention Manipulation
  • 9 months: Imperative pointing
  • 12 - 13 months: Declarative pointing and referential words.
  • 18 – 24 months: first predications and conversations.
timeline social coordination
Timeline – Social Coordination
  • 0 – 9 months: Protoconversation, simple rhythmic interaction including turn-taking.
  • 18 months: Complex imitative games, social exchanges using imitation including conventional routines and role switching
timeline intentional stance
Timeline – Intentional Stance
  • 0 – 3 months: Early Identification with other persons.
  • 9 months: First Goal directed behaviours
  • 12 months: Systematic separation between goals and means
  • 18 months: Intentional stance developed behaviour of others viewed as goal directed.
models for attention detection manipulation
Models for attention detection/manipulation

Robovie

  • Able to attract attention by pointing at an object and establishes a mutual gaze
models for emergence of social coordination
Models for emergence of social coordination
  • Limited number of works addressing the problem of how shared interaction routines necesessary for coordinating behaviour in joint attention may develop.
  • Ikegami and Izuka used robots in a simulated environment to study turn taking.
models for emergence of intentional stance
Models for emergence of intentional Stance
  • Research in this area not focussed on the developmental and cognitive mechanisms
  • the notion of intentionally directed behaviour not investigated
  • Most challenging prerequisite
conclusions
Conclusions
  • Modelling of the mechanisms responsible for the emergence of the intentional stance
  • Would lead to robots with a qualitatively different kind of awarness, making development of true joint attention easier