Economic valuation of the preferred traits of indigenous horo cattle in ethiopia
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Improving the Livelihoods of Poor Livestock-keepers in Africa through Community-Based Management of Indigenous Farm Animal Genetic Resources. Economic Valuation of the Preferred Traits of Indigenous Horo Cattle in Ethiopia. Girma Tesfahun Clemens B.A. Wollny Awudu Abdulai Adam Drucker.

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Economic valuation of the preferred traits of indigenous horo cattle in ethiopia

Improving the Livelihoods of Poor Livestock-keepers in Africa through Community-Based Management of Indigenous Farm Animal Genetic Resources

Economic Valuation of the Preferred Traits of Indigenous Horo Cattle in Ethiopia

Girma Tesfahun

Clemens B.A. Wollny

Awudu Abdulai

Adam Drucker


Contents
Contents Africa through Community-Based Management of Indigenous Farm Animal Genetic Resources

  • Excerpts from the research proposal

  • Preliminary survey observations


Objective
Objective Africa through Community-Based Management of Indigenous Farm Animal Genetic Resources

General

Estimate the economic values of the preferred phenotypic traits.

Specific

  • Study the methods by which economic values are attached to the phenotypic traits and the breed Horo.

  • Estimate economic values of the important phenotypic traits and the ‘breed‘.

  • Characterize the cattle market in central Ethiopia.

  • Present information and suggest procedures for CBM of the Horo Cattle.


Main research questions
Main Research Questions Africa through Community-Based Management of Indigenous Farm Animal Genetic Resources

  • Do farmers and consumers attach values to specific traits or the breed?

    what are the important issues considered?

  • How much does a trait contribute to the market value?

  • What are the characteristics of the cattle markets in central Ethiopia?

  • What are the main economic and market factors to establish an effective CBM?


Working hypotheses
Working Hypotheses Africa through Community-Based Management of Indigenous Farm Animal Genetic Resources

  • The communities have their own mechanism to differentiate a breed from another based on phenotypic traits.

  • The values of the phenotypic traits have significant association with the market value.

  • Breed is an important factor in determining the price of cattle.


Data analysis
Data Analysis Africa through Community-Based Management of Indigenous Farm Animal Genetic Resources

Qualitative data

Narrative analysis and discourse analysis

Recognizesthe extent to which the stories we tell provide insights aboutour experiences.

Quantitative data

To estimate the values of individual traits (breed level)

  • Ordered probit


Data analysis cont
Data Analysis Africa through Community-Based Management of Indigenous Farm Animal Genetic Resourcescont.

To estimate the value attached to the ‘breed’ (market level)

  • Conditional logit model

    To identify determinants of cattle price (aggregate)

  • Structural-heteroskedasticity-in mean model

    Model selection

  • Focused information criterion


Expected outputs
Expected Outputs Africa through Community-Based Management of Indigenous Farm Animal Genetic Resources

  • Identification and analysis of the methods by which economic values are attached.

  • Development of economic values of the important phenotypic traits.

  • Understanding of the process of price determination in the cattle market.

  • Guidelines for a CBM of the Horo Cattle.


Location of the study
Location of the Study Africa through Community-Based Management of Indigenous Farm Animal Genetic Resources

West Shoa


Dano district
Dano District Africa through Community-Based Management of Indigenous Farm Animal Genetic Resources

  • One of 23 districts in the zone

  • 250 km west of Addis Ababa

  • 659 km2 wide

  • 83,000 human population (2005)

  • Mixed (crop-livestock) farming system

  • Known for its livestock population

    • 75,000 cattle, 4500 goats, 2900 sheep, and 3500 equines (2005)


Preliminary observations
Preliminary Observations Africa through Community-Based Management of Indigenous Farm Animal Genetic Resources

Cattle in Dano

  • A question arose

    • Is the cattle breed really Horo?

Variable color

Valued based on Phenotypic traits

Constraints

Feed

Disease

Market

Big size


Cattle markets in and around dano
Cattle markets in and around Dano Africa through Community-Based Management of Indigenous Farm Animal Genetic Resources

Jimma

Weliso

Harbi Gulfa

Silk Amba

Welkite

Addis Ababa

Guder

Menz

Shanana

Kemsi Roge

North Dano

Ija’ji


Important phenotypic traits
Important phenotypic traits Africa through Community-Based Management of Indigenous Farm Animal Genetic Resources

  • Color

  • Length

  • Height

  • Tail length

  • Horn shape

  • Body size

  • Nail

  • Length of sheath/navel flap


Next step

Next step Africa through Community-Based Management of Indigenous Farm Animal Genetic Resources

Reconnaissance survey


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