chapter 22 2 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
CHAPTER 22-2 PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
CHAPTER 22-2

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 26

CHAPTER 22-2 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 91 Views
  • Uploaded on

CHAPTER 22-2. NATION STATES AND PATTERNS OF CULTURE IN EUROPE AND NORTH AMERICA, 1750–1871. Ethnic nationalism drew on Enlightenment ideas, which recognized a national identity and the right for that nation to exist.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'CHAPTER 22-2' - tacy


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
chapter 22 2

CHAPTER 22-2

NATION STATES AND PATTERNS OF CULTURE IN EUROPE AND NORTH AMERICA, 1750–1871

slide2

Ethnic nationalism drew on Enlightenment ideas, which recognized a national identity and the right for that nation to exist.

  • Constitutional nationalists advocated for a uniform language and ethnicity.
slide3

Many European nations were linguistically and ethnically diverse.

  • Herder, a German philosopher, focused on language as the core of nationalism.
    • Envisioned an ethnolinguistic nationalism that did not exclude low culture or repudiate other ethnolinguistic cultures.
    • Following Napoleon, Herder’s followers hoped for a unified German nation.
the growth of the nation state 1815 1871
The Growth of the Nation-State, 1815–1871
  • Congress of Vienna met in 1815, after defeat of Napoleon, to restore monarchies.
    • Metternich of Austria was determined to stop republicanism.
    • Congress had two principles:
      • legitimacy of monarchical rule
      • balance of power between European states.
  • Members agreed to meet as the Concert of Europe at regular intervals.
  • Difficulty of what to do about German-speaking states.
    • Confederation of German States created.
    • Prussia and Austria competed for dominance in the Confederation.
slide6

French Bourbon monarchy restored with Louis XVIII, brother of Louis XVI.

    • He and successor Charles X tried to restore absolutism and aristocracy.
    • Provoked a republican reaction that replaced Charles with Louis-Philippe.
  • Paris Revolution in 1848 forced Louis-Philippe into exile.
  • Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte elected ruler.
slide7

Charles X

Louis XVIII

slide8

Louis-Napoleon

Bonaparte

Louis-Philippe

revolutions of 1848
Revolutions of 1848
  • Uprisings swept across German Confederation, Ireland, and Italian states.
  • Constitutional assembly in Germany elected a government.
    • Restricted by Austrian emperor, and only involved German Federation and Prussia.
    • Offered hereditary crown to Prussian king, who refused to be “elected.”
    • Assembly disbanded by Prussian troops and restores regional monarchs.
ireland
Ireland
  • Ethnolinguisticnationalists in Ireland debate the role of Catholicism.
  • 1854 potato blight killed about a fifth of the population from famine.
    • Mass emigration to the United States.
    • Young Irelanders pushed for home rule but were stopped by police.
italy
Italy
  • Many Italian states were under Austrian control, others were weak states.
  • Unification of Italy by Cavour, under the King Victor Emanuel II of Piedmont-Sardinia.
  • Aided by Garibaldi, a republican but wanted to unify Italy at all costs.
slide13

Giuseppe Garibaldi

Victor Emanuel II

slide14

Giuseppe Verdi

(1813 – 1901)

prussia germany
Prussia . . . Germany

Otto von Bismarck

Wilhelm I

slide16

Second Schleswig War 1864

  • Austro-Prussian War 1866

(“Seven Weeks War”)

  • Franco-Prussian War 1870-71
slide19

Richard Wagner

(1813 – 1883)

great britain
Great Britain
  • . . . faced two struggles in the nineteenth century.
    • Scotland, Wales, and Ireland wanted home rule, granted after World War I.
    • Parliamentary reforms extended franchise to middle and lower classes.
      • Great Reform Bill of 1832 granted more seats to industrial north.
      • Corn Laws repealed in 1846 and made grain cheaper.
      • Second Reform in 1847 opened up voting to working-class voters.
slide21

Queen Victoria

Born 1819

Reigned 1837-1901

romanticism and realism philosophical and artistic expression to 1850
Romanticism and Realism: Philosophical and Artistic Expression to 1850
  • Romantics reacted against the materialist thought of the Enlightenment.
    • Hegel argued that all thought moved to matter in a dialectic.
    • Led to ego-centered poetry of Coleridge, Wordsworth, and Shelley.
    • In America, Romantic poetry was transcendentalist: Emerson, Dickinson.
    • Romantic composers such as Beethoven and Berlioz were encouraged by middle class interest in music.
  • Romanic painters and writers explored nature and questioned social hierarchy.
  • Realism shifted focus from the self to the prosaic world of the middle class.
  • Comte’s Positivism privileged the age of science.
  • Realist writers moved away from sentiment to middle class aesthetic.
slide25

Wanderer Above the Sea of Fog

Caspar David Friedrich, 1818

slide26

The Gleaners

Jean-François Millet, 1857