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Urinary Tract System. Bladder Cancer. Bladder Cancer. What are some types of bladder cancer? Transitional cell (urothelial) carcinoma Squamous cell carcinoma Adenocarcinoma. Bladder Cancer. What causes bladder cancer?

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bladder cancer
Bladder Cancer

What are some types of bladder cancer?

Transitional cell (urothelial) carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinoma


bladder cancer1
Bladder Cancer

What causes bladder cancer?

There is not really a know reason as to what the causes are, but the following are some risk factors:

Cigarette smoking

Occupational exposure

Chronic bladder irritation




Personal history

Family history


Parasite infections

bladder cancer2
Bladder Cancer

What are some symptoms?

Visible blood in the urine

Hematuria - the presence of microscopic red blood cells (RBCs) in the urine.

Painful urination

Urgency - frequently feeling the need to urinate without results.

Frequent urination

Pelvic or flank pain

bladder cancer3
Bladder Cancer

How is bladder cancer determined?

Rectal or vaginal examination


Intravenous pyelogram (IVP)

Lab tests

Bladder tumor marker studies


Computed tomography scan

bladder cancer4
Bladder Cancer

What are the stages of bladder cancer?

Stage O

Stage I

Stage II

Stage III

Stage IV

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Bladder Cancer



Radiation therapy


Biological therapy

Clinical trials

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Bladder Cancer

Are there ways to try to prevent bladder cancer?

Don’t smoke

Don’t play with chemicals

Drink plenty of liquids