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Varieties of the Creative Experience. David Henry Feldman. Goals:. An overview of the field of creativity studies from 1950 to now An overview of what the field of creativity studies is now doing Some things from the above that may be useful in teaching college students. Topics.

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Varieties of the creative experience l.jpg

Varieties of the Creative Experience

David Henry Feldman

Northern Virginia Community Colleges


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Goals:

  • An overview of the field of creativity studies from 1950 to now

  • An overview of what the field of creativity studies is now doing

  • Some things from the above that may be useful in teaching college students

Northern Virginia Community Colleges


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Topics

  • History of Creativity Studies 1950-1970

  • More Contemporary Approaches 1970 – present

  • Differentiation of Creativity: Varieties of the Creative Experience

  • Implications for Practice

Northern Virginia Community Colleges


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Main Points of Discussion

  • Creativity as a Trait Versus a Process

  • Creativity as Domain Specific or Knowledge Based

  • Creativity in its More Powerful forms

  • Creativity and Development

  • Creativity and Mental Illness

  • Differentiated Forms of Creative Expression

Northern Virginia Community Colleges


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Csikszentmihalyi (1988)

  • Domain/Field/Person

  • A Systems View

Northern Virginia Community Colleges




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Keyboard Metaphor for Creative Outcomes (Field)

  • Low Register (make up new songs on the piano at home)

  • Middle Register (have a composition played by a local orchestra)

  • High Middle Register ( get a commission from the National Orchestra)

  • High Register (have works played in major orchestras around the world)

  • Ultra High Register (works revered and treasured for generations: e.g. Mozart)

  • ( e.g. 60 Minutes 11/28/04)

Northern Virginia Community Colleges


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Gardner (Person) Sternberg (Domain)

  • Intelligences and Creativity

  • Types of Creative Advances

Northern Virginia Community Colleges


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Gardner’s (1983/1993) Intelligences

  • Linguistic (T.S. Eliot)

  • Logical-Mathematical (A. Einstein)

  • Spatial (Picasso)

  • Musical (Stravinsky)

  • Bodily-Kinesthetic (M. Graham)

  • Interpersonal (M. Gandhi)

  • Intrapersonal (S. Freud)

  • Naturalist (C. Darwin*)

Northern Virginia Community Colleges


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Sternberg’s (2003)Typology of Creative Advances (Domain)

  • Replication

  • Redefinition

  • Forward Incrementation

  • Advance Forward Incrementation

  • Redirection

  • Reconstruction/Redirection

  • Reinitiation

  • Integration

Northern Virginia Community Colleges



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Anna Craft et al. (in press)

  • Teaching creatively

  • Teaching creativity

  • Teaching for creativity

Northern Virginia Community Colleges


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Summary and Conclusions

Overview of Creativity Studies Field

Recent Work on Differentiation

Useful Information for Teaching College Students

Northern Virginia Community Colleges


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Additional Resources

  • Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1990)/Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience. Harper & Row.

  • Craft. A. (in press). Creativity in Schools. Routledge Falmer (UK)

  • Feldman, D.H., Gardner, H., & Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1994). Changing the World: A Framework for the Study of Creativity. Greenwood Press.

  • Gardner, H. (1993). Creating Minds. Basic Books.

  • Ghiselin, B. (1952). The Creative Process. University of California.

  • Gruber, H. (1974/1981). Darwin on Man. (Dutton/University of Chicago)

  • Sawyer, K. & John-Steiner, V. (Eds.). (2003). Creativity and Development. Oxford.

  • Sternberg, R.(Ed.). (1999), Handbook of Creativity. Cambridge.

  • Sternberg. R. (2003). Creative Thinking in the Classroom. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 47, 3.

Northern Virginia Community Colleges


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Links

www.open.ac.uk/education-and-languages/people/ (Anna Craft)

  • www.gifted.uconn.edu (National Research Center on Gifted/Creative)

  • www.yale.edu/pace (new research center on abilities led by Sternberg)

  • Jeanne.nakamura@cgu.ed (contact for Csikszentmihalyi)

  • hgasst@pz.harvard.edu (contact for Howard Gardner)

  • www.Goodworkproject.org (website for Gardner/Csikszentmihalyi, Damon collaboration)

Northern Virginia Community Colleges