NATURA 2000. French Audit. October 2004. Audit’s purpose. Choice for the subject matter Audit’s main outlines: - Difficulties in implementing measures - Complexity of the French frame - Misuse of public supplies Audit’s conclusions. Difficulties in implementing measures.
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NATURA 2000 French Audit October 2004
Audit’s purpose • Choice for the subject matter • Audit’s main outlines: - Difficulties in implementing measures - Complexity of the French frame - Misuse of public supplies • Audit’s conclusions
Difficulties in implementing measures • A huge delay in adapting Directives • France is one of the lowest ranking in the European context • Only a few contracts drawn with farmers
Natura 2000 French sites Source: ministère de l’Ecologie et du développement durable August 2004
European statistics on Directive Birds Source: European commission DG ENV Nature Newsletter January 2004
European statistics on Directive Habitats Source: European commission DG ENV Nature Newsletter January 2004
Complexity of the French frame • The role of central authorities: Ministries • The place of the Government’s representative and of the public agencies • Actors of the local governments: « Communes » & « Départements » • The place of private bodies • Farmers and landowners
Misuse of public supplies French supplies • French supplies mainly used for documentation and studies • According to European rules, European subsidies cannot be granted as far as state Member does not implement his own support Source: ministère de l’Ecologie et du développement durable janvier 2003
French audit main conclusions • Considering the reasons of failure: A huge misunderstanding between government and other French actors • Encouraging French reform: France is now on the way to obtain good results