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Building your foundation as a helper ----Understanding yourself and interpersonal patterns. The need to make an impact The need to return a favor The need to care for others The need for self-help The need to be needed. The need for money The need for prestige and status

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building your foundation as a helper understanding yourself and interpersonal patterns

Building your foundation as a helper----Understanding yourself and interpersonal patterns

typical needs and motivations of helpers
The need to make an impact

The need to return a favor

The need to care for others

The need for self-help

The need to be needed

The need for money

The need for prestige and status

The need to provide answers

The need for control others

The need for variety and flexibility

Typical needs and motivations of helpers

How these needs might enhance or interfere with

a person’s ability to help others?

the effective counselor
The Effective Counselor
  • The most important instrument you have is YOU
  • Be authentic
  • Be a therapeutic person and be clear about who you are
ideal helper
Ideal helper
  • Warm, accepting, caring
  • Know who they are
  • Open to change
  • Sincere, honest, & authentic
  • Invested, willing to take risks
  • Good boundaries
  • Live in the present
  • Sensitive to culture…………..more
interpersonal patterns see handout
Interpersonal patterns (see handout)
  • Intimacy needs
  • Need for approval from others
  • Importance of relationships in life
  • Preoccupation with relationships
  • Need for relationships
  • Level of trust
  • Level of trustworthiness in relationships
  • Level of confidence in relationships
  • Dependency Needs
  • Self-versus-other orientation in relationships
  • Comfort with asking for help
  • Importance given to feedback from others
interpersonal patterns see handout6
Interpersonal patterns (see handout)
  • Level of self-versus-other absorption
  • Approach-avoidance behaviors
  • Level of value granted to relationships
  • Social skills
  • Comfort in new relationships
  • Center of attention
  • Self-disclosure in relationship
  • Emotional expressiveness in relationships
  • Identification with others
  • Conflict with authority figures
  • Stance toward equality in relationships

Source: Basic Skills in Psychotherapy and Counseling, by C. Brems (3rd), 2001

counseling for the counselor
Counseling for the Counselor
  • Being a client, you can:
  • Therapists can help their client no further than they have been willing to go in their own life.
the counselor s values
The Counselor’s Values
  • Be aware of how your values influence your interventions
  • Recognize that you are not value-neutral
  • Your job is to assist clients in finding answers that are most congruent with their own values
  • Find ways to manage value conflicts between you and your clients
  • Begin therapy by exploring the client’s goals
multicultural counseling
Multicultural Counseling
  • Become aware of your biases and values
  • Attempt to understand the world from yourclient’s standpoint
  • Gain a knowledge of the dynamics of oppression, racism, discrimination, and stereotyping
  • Study the historical background, traditions, and values of your client
  • Be open to learning from your client
multicultural counseling competence
Multicultural counseling Competence
  • Awareness of self
  • Understand others
  • Appropriate Skills

*Adapted from Sue, D. R., & Sue, D. (2004).Counseling the culturally diverse:

Theory and practice (4th Edition). New York: John Wiley & Sons.

defensive racial dynamics
Defensive Racial Dynamics
  • Freud (1926, 1989) believed that people use defenses to protect themselves when they feel threatened.
  • Clark (1991) defines a defense mechanism as an “unconscious distortion of reality that reduces painful affect and conflict through automatic and habitual responses.”

Source: Ridley, C. R. (1995). Overcoming unintentional racism in counseling and therapy:

A practitioner’s guide to intentional intervention. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications

defensive racial dynamics12
Defensive Racial Dynamics
  • There are four important characteristics common to all defenses mechanisms.
eight racial related defenses
Eight Racial Related Defenses
  • Color Blindness
  • Color Consciousness
  • Cultural Transference (client)
  • Cultural Counter transference (counselor)
  • Cultural Ambivalence
  • Pseudo-transference
  • Over-identification (minority therapist)
  • Identification with the Oppressor (minority therapist)
issues faced by beginning therapists
Issues Faced by Beginning Therapists
  • Common concerns:
  • Unrealistic beliefs:
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