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Writing Workshop. August 9, 2012. Agenda. More Summary Practice Plagiarism Activity Naysayers Cohesion. More Summary Practice. Read this article and write a summary in a paragraph or less of what it is about.

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Writing Workshop


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    1. Writing Workshop August 9, 2012

    2. Agenda • More Summary Practice • Plagiarism Activity • Naysayers • Cohesion

    3. More Summary Practice • Read this article and write a summary in a paragraph or less of what it is about. • http://www.nytimes.com/2012/08/08/education/analysis-examines-disabled-students-suspensions.html?_r=1&ref=us

    4. Plagiarism (Reminder) • Anytime you use any part of anyone else's work in your own without giving credit • When you do use an exact quote, or exact wording you must put it in quotes.

    5. Plagiarism • Page 81 Do task 27

    6. Naysayers • What is a naysayer? Why would you want to use this in your writing? • In general, how would you use a naysayer? • Do you think this strengthens or weakens an argument? Why or Why not?

    7. Naysayer • A Naysayer is when you put something in your paper that someone could say against it, you anticipate objections • It is important when planting a naysayer that you respond to it, defend yourself • This is true even if you do not have a strong defense • This will strengthen your argument because you can explain the reason for someone's objection before they actually object to it.

    8. Examples

    9. Examples

    10. Practice • On page 90, Do exercise 1

    11. Questions?

    12. Cohesion • What is cohesion? • What does it do for your writing?

    13. Cohesions • Cohesion is the connection of sentences to one other. That is the ways in which a paragraph of separate sentences becomes a unified whole. • This helps your writing to make sense

    14. Cohesion Strategies • Reader Expectation • Repetition • Known-new Contract • Parallelism

    15. Reader Expectations • A readers expectation comes from the prior text • When talking you can ask someone to repeat something, when writing you cannot • This is why it is important that all of your points relate to your topic and topic sentences

    16. Repetition • Also known as “Lexical Cohesion” • The contribution of specific words to the cohesion of a text • Repeating the same word over and over again gets boring • Repetition also refers to the use of synonyms (when available) • Using similar or the same word reinforces the word and keeps the text connected

    17. Known-new contract • The first sentence of a paragraph tells the reader what will be coming. • We talked about this with your assignments on Tuesday • Look at page 90 • This is also where the “that/these + summary word” that we talked about would come in

    18. Practice • Exercise 15 on page 93

    19. Parallelism • This means that the structures match. • Sentence level • He went swimming, bowling, and to the park • Why isn’t this parallel? • At the multi sentence level • Its eastern border is the deep…. • Its western border is the steep…

    20. Practice • Page 103 • Find the parallel structures and explain how they add cohesion

    21. Practice • Using the NYT article you summarized, use what we have talked about in the last two days (paraphrase, summary, quote and cohesion) Write a paragraph giving your opinion on the topic, use the article to support your opinion. You must use at least one paraphrase, and one quote. You also must include the Authors last name and a date after the quote or paraphrase.