Linking Words - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  1. LinkingWords

  2. LinkingWords ou Transitions são algumas das muitas expressões usadas para identificar este aspecto de grande relevância no estudo, não só do inglês, como de todas as línguas. São principalmente conjunções ou locuções conjuntivas, mas também advérbios, preposições, etc., que servem para estabelecer uma conexão lógica entre frases e elementos da ideia. Em português essas palavras são chamadas de articuladores ou palavras conectivas. O uso correto destas palavras confere solidez ao argumento e consequentemente elegância ao texto.

  3. Tipos

  4. Togiveexamples • for instance; • toillustrate; • for example; • specifically; • in particular; • namely; • incidentally; • in fact; • in other words; • that is.

  5. I have been to many countries. For example, I have been to Russia, Mexico and China.

  6. They brought lunch, namelysandwiches, chips and soda.

  7. I love fruit. In particular, I like bananas, pineapple and mangos.

  8. Toaddanillustrationof • also; • and; • besides; • further; • likewise; • again; • in addition; • andthen.

  9. She’s a talented singer and also a fine actress.

  10. I’m not ready to get married yet. Besides, I enjoying living alone.

  11. It was nice to see my friends again.

  12. Toindicateplace • above; • here; • adjacentto; • below; • there; • tothenorth; • near; • oppositeto; • nearby; • totheleft.

  13. Temperatures range from 5 below to 5 above.

  14. I’m here to help you.

  15. Their house is adjacent to a wooded park.

  16. Toindicate time • since; • in thepast; • nowadays; • soon; • after; • before; • then; • as long as; • later; • until; • atlast; • recently.

  17. In the past, very few people used computers.

  18. Nowadays, people use computers all the time.

  19. Soon, there will be a computer in every home.

  20. To compare • in thesameway; • likewise; • as...as; • similary; • in a likemanner;

  21. This apple is tart. In the same way, this one is sour.

  22. That orange is delicious. Likewise, this apple is very flavorful. 

  23. This apple is as red as that apple. 

  24. Tocontrast • afterall; • still; • though; • while; • however; • although; • yet; • but;

  25. The bus is old and dirty. However, it gets me to work.

  26. “We know what we are, but not what we may be.” William Shakespeare

  27. While my sister has blue eyes, mine are brown.

  28. To show cause oreffect • because; • consequently; • since; • then; • tothisend; • for thispurpose.

  29. The company are expanding. Consequently, they are taking on extra staff.

  30. Because you’re my friend, I will help you.

  31. Since you are here, help me with this.

  32. To show concession • afterall; • andyet; • naturally; • granted; • althoughtrue; • atthesame time.

  33. “I declare afterallthereis no enjoymentlikereading!” Jane Austen – PrideandPrejudice

  34. One may have good eyes and yet see nothing. • Italian Proverb

  35. Toconclude • in short; • all in all; • in summary; • in brief; • thatis; • in conclusion; • onthewhole; • toconclude; • tosummarize; • in particular.

  36. “All in all it was just a brick in the wall.” Pink Floyd

  37. “On the whole human beings want to be good, but not too good, and not quite all the time.” • George Orwell

  38. “The human race has one really effective weapon, and that is laughter.” Mark Twain

  39. Toenumerate • first; • second; • third; • in thefirstplace; • in thesecondplace; • in thethirdplace; • firstofall; • secondly; • thirdly; • tobeginwith; • next; • finally; • last; • afterthat; • after; • then; • so.

  40. PeanutButterand Banana Sandwich First, mixthepeanutbutterand banana together. Thentoasttheslicesofbread. Next, spread themixtureonthetoast. Afterthat, putthesandwich in a panwithbutter. Finally, frythesandwichuntilit’sbrownonbothsides.

  41. Usos incorretos de LinkingWords

  42. The company is expanding.  However, they are taking on extra staff.

  43. The company is expanding. Consequently, they are taking on extra staff.

  44. People used to shop at small stores after there were supermarkets.

  45. People used to shop at small stores beforethere were supermarkets.

  46. It was cold, she went out in shorts.

  47. Although it was cold, she went out in shorts.

  48. Inglês Instrumental 1 – Turma I Alunos: HallisonPhelipe Laura Mota Lorena Flávia Luana Gomes Thaís Rodrigues