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What is Narrative Writing?. What Is a Short Story?. A short story is a brief, made-up narrative an account of a sequence of events. Most short stories have: 1. One or more characters 2. A conflict or problem that keeps the reader asking, “What will happen next?”
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What Is a Short Story? • A short story is a brief, made-up narrative an account of a sequence of events. • Most short stories have: • 1. One or more characters • 2. A conflict or problem that keeps the reader asking, “What will happen next?” • 3. A beginning that grabs the reader’s interest and introduces the characters, setting, and conflict. • 4. A middle in which the story reaches a climax- its turning point. • 5. An ending in which the conflict is resolved and loose ends are tied up.
Types of Short Stories • 1. Realistic stories take you on a walk through familiar neighborhoods with people much like those you know. • 2. Fantasy and science-fiction stories might whisk you away to strange, new planets or mysterious ancient kingdoms. • 3. Adventure stories tumble you into a world of brave heroes fighting dangerous enemies.
Prewriting • A. Choosing Your Topic: For some writers, telling a story is easy- the hard part is coming up with a good topic. • B. Developing Narrative Elements: Identify the Conflict: • 1. Conflict is a struggle between two opposing forces. • 2. External Conflict occurs when a character is struggling against an outside forces such as another character or a natural event. • 3. Internal Conflict takes place within a character, as when the character struggles to make a tough decision or to overcome fear.
C. Considering Your Audience and Purpose • 1. Audience: Who your readers are • A. Young Children, use simpler words than if you were writing a story for older readers. • B. People who don’t go to your school, remember that if you mention something particular to your school, such as a certain teacher, you must explain who or what you are talking about. • 2. Purpose: What you want to do for them • A. Make readers laugh, select funny details to include • B. give readers goosebumps, include a couple of surprises. • C. Present a theme (a question or message about,) use events that illustrate the question or message.
D. Gathering Details: • Gather details to include in your story. • List ideas about your story topic. • Put in chronological order
Drafting • A. Shaping Your Writing: Plot is the arrangement of events in the story. • 1. The exposition introduces the characters and their situation, including the central conflict. • 2. This conflict develops and intensifies during the risingaction, which leads to the climax. • 3. The climax, or turning point of the story, might take form of an argument or moment of decision. • 4. In the story’s falling action, events start winding down, leading to the resolution. • 5. At the resolution, the conflict is resolved in some way and loose ends are tied up.
B. Providing Elaboration • As you draft your story, make your characters and setting come alive by including sensory details-language that describes how things look, sound, feel, taste, and smell.
Revising • A. Revising Your Overall Structure: • Create Logical Connections Between Events • B. Revising Your Paragraphs: • 1. Show, Don’t Tell: (Tell how they walk (quickly); Tell how their voice sounds (trembling)) • 2. Add Dialogue: • A. A character’s answer or response to another character. • B. Information one character gives another • C. An order, command, or instruction given by a character. • D. A question a character asks. • E. Something a character says to express feelings.
C. Revising Your Sentences: • Provide Transitions: Words that show the connection between ideas. • D. Revising Your Word Choice: • Use vivid verbs: chuckled, snorted, blossomed into, and sounded • E. Peer Review: • 1. Make notes on the parts they like • 2. Make notes on parts that need more details
Editing and Proofreading • Proofread your story carefully to catch errors in spelling, punctuation, capitalization, and grammar. • Pay particular attention to proofreading your story’s dialogue-speech that you’ve quoted exactly. Make sure you’ve punctuated it correctly. (Page 89 Rules)
Publishing and Presenting • 1. To Be Graded • 2. To Share • 3. Memory Folder