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ROLE OF COMMERCIAL BANKS IN THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF A COUNTRY. Role of Commercial Banks in the Economic Development of a Country. Commercial banks play an important and active role in the economic development of a country.
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Role of Commercial Banks in the Economic Development of a Country • Commercial banks play an important and active role in the economic development of a country. • If the banking system in a country is effective, efficient and disciplined it brings about a rapid growth in the various sectors of the economy. • The following is the significance of commercial banks in the economic development of a country.
Role of Commercial Banks in the Economic Development of a Country • 1. Banks promote capital formation • 2. Investment in new enterprises • 3. Promotion of trade and industry • 4. Development of agriculture • 5. Balanced development of different regions • 6. Influencing economic activities • 7. Implementation of Monetary policy • 8. Monetization of the economy • 9. Export promotion cells
Role of Commercial Banks in the Economic Development of a Country • 1. Banks promote capital formation: • Commercial banks accept deposits from individuals and businesses, these deposits are then made available to the businesses which make use of them for productive purposes in the country. • The banks are, therefore, not only the store houses of the country’s wealth, but also provide financial resources necessary for economic development.
Role of Commercial Banks in the Economic Development of a Country • 2. Investment in new enterprises: • Businessmen normally hesitate to invest their money in risky enterprises. The commercial banks generally provide short and medium term loans to entrepreneurs to invest in new enterprises and adopt new methods of production. • The provision of timely credit increases the productive capacity of the economy.
Role of Commercial Banks in the Economic Development of a Country • 3. Promotion of trade and industry: • With the growth of commercial banking, there is vast expansion in trade and industry. • The use of bank draft, check, bill of exchange, credit cards and letters of credit etc has revolutionized both national and international trade.
Role of Commercial Banks in the Economic Development of a Country • 4. Development of agriculture: • The commercial banks particularly in developing countries are now providing credit for development of agriculture and small scale industries in rural areas. • The provision of credit to agriculture sector has greatly helped in raising agriculture productivity and income of the farmers.
Role of Commercial Banks in the Economic Development of a Country • 5. Balanced development of different regions: • The commercial banks play an important role in achieving balanced development in different regions of the country. • They help in transferring surplus capital from developed regions to the less developed regions. • The traders, industrialist etc of less developed regions are able to get adequate capital for meeting their business needs. • This in turn increases investment, trade and production in the economy.
Role of Commercial Banks in the Economic Development of a Country • 6. Influencing economic activity: • The banks can also influence the economic activity of the country through its influence on • a. Availability of credit • b. The rate of interest • If the commercial banks are able to increase the amount of money in circulation through credit creation or by lowering the rate of interest, it directly affects economic development. • A low rate of interest can encourage investment. • The credit creation activity can raise aggregate demand which leads to more production in the economy.
Role of Commercial Banks in the Economic Development of a Country • 7. Implementation of Monetary policy: • The central bank of the country controls and regulates volume of credit through the active cooperation of the banking system in the country. • It helps in bringing price stability and promotes economic growth with in the shortest possible period of time.
Role of Commercial Banks in the Economic Development of a Country • 8. Monetization of the economy: • The commercial banks by opening branches in the rural and backward areas are reducing the exchange of goods through barter. • The use of money has greatly increased the volume of production of goods. • The non monetized sector (barter economy) is now being converted into monetized sector with the help of commercial banks.
Role of Commercial Banks in the Economic Development of a Country • 9. Export promotion cells: • In order to increase the exports of the country, the commercial banks have established export promotion cells. • They provide information about general trade and economic conditions both inside and outside the country to its customers. • The banks are therefore, making positive contribution in the process of economic development.
Role of Banks in 21st century • The commercial banks are now not confined to local banking. • They are fast changing into global banking i.e, understanding the global customer, using latest information technology, competing in the open market with high technology system, changing from domestic banking to investment banking etc. • The commercial bank are now considered the nerve system of all economic development in the country.
Virtual Banking • What is virtual banking? • Providing the banking services through extensive use of information technology without direct recourse to the bank by the customer is called virtual banking. • The origin of virtual banking can be traced to the 1970’s with the installation of ATM’s. • The principal types of virtual banking services include automated teller machines (ATM’s), phone banking and most recently internet banking. • With the increasing use of internet banking there is greater reliance now on information technology and the decrease of physical bank branches to deliver the banking services to the customer.
Functions of Online Banking • Account balance enquiry • Bank Statement enquiry • Foreign exchange rate enquiry • Change of personal identification number • Message to a bank • Profit rates on deposits enquiry
Transfer of funds • Credit card • Money market rate enquiry • Stock market transactions • Sale and purchase of goods and services • Apply for loan
Advantages of online banking • Time saving • Peace of mind • 24 hour service • Wide range of transactions
Disadvantages of online banking • Computer problem • Power failure • Computer virus • Unavailability of Internet • Computer fraud