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US Central Command Area of Responsibility. Overview. Area of Responsibility Religion Language Political Systems US Interests. Area of Responsibility. Hotbed of activity in recent history Iran Hostage Crisis Attacks on Marines in Beirut Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait OEF and OIF.

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overview
Overview
  • Area of Responsibility
  • Religion
  • Language
  • Political Systems
  • US Interests
area of responsibility
Area of Responsibility
  • Hotbed of activity in recent history
    • Iran Hostage Crisis
    • Attacks on Marines in Beirut
    • Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait
    • OEF and OIF
area of responsibility1
Area of Responsibility
  • USCENTCOM established 1 Jan 83
  • Focus on potential Soviet invasion of Iran gave way to concern over Saddam Hussein
    • Desert Shield/Storm
  • Humanitarian crisis in Somalia – Operation Provide Hope
  • Khobar towers attack
area of responsibility2
Area of Responsibility
  • USCENTCOM established 1 Jan 83
  • Focus on potential Soviet invasion of Iran gave way to concern over Saddam Hussein
    • Desert Shield/Storm
  • Humanitarian crisis in Somalia – Operation Provide Hope
  • Khobar towers attack
area of responsibility3
Area of Responsibility
  • Territory
    • Establishment of USAFRICOM on 1 Oct 2008 pulled six countries from USCENTCOM
    • USCENTCOM currently responsible for twenty countries in Asia and Africa
area of responsibility4
Area of Responsibility
  • History of the Region
    • The Crusades
    • Rise and Fall of Soviet Union
    • Establishment of Israel
    • Fundamentalist Islam and Militant Islamic Terrorism
area of responsibility5
Area of Responsibility
  • History of the Region
    • The Crusades
    • Rise and Fall of Soviet Union
    • Establishment of Israel
    • Fundamentalist Islam and Militant Islamic Terrorism
area of responsibility6
Area of Responsibility
  • History of the Region
    • The Crusades
    • Rise and Fall of Soviet Union
    • Establishment of Israel
    • Fundamentalist Islam and Militant Islamic Terrorism
area of responsibility7
Area of Responsibility
  • History of the Region
    • The Crusades
    • Rise and Fall of Soviet Union
    • Establishment of Israel
    • Fundamentalist Islam and Militant Islamic Terrorism
religion
Religion
  • Home of three of world’s major religions
    • Judaism
    • Christianity
    • Islam
  • Commonalities
    • Abraham
    • Sacred texts
    • Jerusalem
religion1
Religion
  • Dominance of Islam
    • Majority of USCENTCOM nations are Muslim
    • Except for five countries, 90% of countries’ population is Muslim
  • Five Pillars of Islam
    • Recitation of Creed
    • Daily Prayer
    • Almsgiving
    • Fasting
    • Pilgrimage to Mecca
religion2
Religion
  • Sunni-Shi’a Split
    • Sunnis
      • 85-90% of Muslims
      • Abu Bakr succeeded Mohammed
      • Current imams not inspired
    • Shi’as
      • 10-15% of Muslims
      • Ali ibn Abi Talib succeeded Mohammed
      • Current imams are infallible manifestations of God
language
Language
  • USCENTCOM AOR is linguistically diverse
    • Most common languages are Arabic and Persian
      • Great variety in regional and country dialects, e.g., Afghanistan has two official languages, Dari and Pashto
    • Arabic language somewhat standardized in Middle Eastern countries
    • Turkic languages – Kyrgyz and Kazak – are common in Central Asian nations
political systems
Political Systems
  • Majority of countries are republican or democratic; however, some are only nominal representatives of democracies
  • Fallacy to assume all USCENTCOM nations are authoritarian or anti-Western
us interests
US Interests
  • Continued focus of Global War on Terror
    • Afghanistan and Iraq
    • Usama bin Laden killed in Pakistan
    • 210,000 US military members serving in USCENTCOM AOR
  • USCENTCOM Mission
    • Respond to crises
    • Promote cooperation among nations
    • Deter/defeat state and nonstate aggression
    • Support development/reconstruction to establish the conditions for regional security, stability, & prosperity
summary
Summary
  • Area of Responsibility
  • Religion
  • Language
  • Political Systems
  • US Interests
homework
Homework
  • Prepare for Lesson # 12
    • U.S. Policy
  • Unified Combatant Command (UCC) Brief
ad