Professora Georgiana. FORM: have / has + past participle. Affirmative : I have seen the film before. She has seen the film before. Negative : They have n’t seen the film before. He has n’t seen the film before. ?. ?. ?.
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Affirmative:I have seen the film before.
She has seen the film before.
He hasn’t seen the film before.
Interrogative: Have you seen the film before?
Has she seen the film before?
Past participle verb forms must be learned because they don’t follow any rule:
1- Recent events: It is used to describe recent events without a definite time. A time expression may emphasize recentness: just, recently, lately
Why are they so happy?
They have just won a prize so they are really pleased
2-Personal experiences: It is used to express personal experiences, there is not a definite time given.The time expressions ever and never are very often used with this meaning
I have never been to Japan. Have you ever been there?
3- It is used to express actions that started in the past and continue to the present, the time period is not finished. We use for and since with this meaning.
I haven’t eaten since yesterday morning. I am really hungry
I haven’t drunk anything for two days. I am terribly thirsty
We use definite expressions with the Past simple tense: yesterday, last week, … ago etc, while we don’t use definite time expressions with the Present perfect tense.
I have been to France three times
When didyou gotherelast?
I wentthere last Summer
He has been to London. Now he is here. He can tell you wonderful stories about London.
He has been in London for two weeks. He is still in London.
Where’s Peter? He has gone to London. He is in Italy or on his way to London.
Use short answers.
Have you ever been to Canada?
Has Jane ever cooked Thai food?
Have Li Mang and Xiu ever written poetry?
Has Cesar ever read an English newspaper?
Has Julio ever fallen asleep in class?
Have Ramon and Sancho ever driven a car?
Use the present perfect.
My friends __________ (go) to Europe twice.
We ____________ (travel) by plane lots of times.
Rob _________ (go) on a blind date.
Martha __________ (do) karate.
I ____________ (dye) my hair three times.
Kerry ____________ (eat) insects in Thailand.
William __________ (ride) a camel in Egypt.
My parents ___________ (swim) in the Indian Ocean.
Talk talked / talken
Fall fell / fallen
Go went/ gone
Break breaked / broken
Wear worn / wore
Do done / did
Be was/ been
Use already, just, and yet.
She / win the lotto (already)
He / tell a lie (just)
I / not visit Europe (yet)
They / start the exam (already)
I / make a mistake (just)
We / not have dinner (yet)
She has already won the lotto
He has just told a lie
I haven’t visited Europe yet
They have already started the exam
I have just made a mistake
We haven’t had dinner yet