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JJDPA Reauthorization 2009: An Update. DMC Action Network Annual Meeting May 15, 2009. Background. JJDPA authorizes federal funds to go to the states for juvenile justice. Expectation that states comply with core requirements and write plans for delinquency prevention and

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Jjdpa reauthorization 2009 an update

JJDPA Reauthorization 2009: An Update

DMC Action Network Annual Meeting

May 15, 2009


  • JJDPA authorizes federal funds to go to the states

    for juvenile justice.

  • Expectation that states comply with core requirements

    and write plans for delinquency prevention and

    intervention, including “addressing” DMC.

  • OJJDP has reporting, oversight and technical

    assistance responsibilities.

  • Each state has an advisory group to guide plans

    and decide how to allocate funds.

Core protections
Core Protections

  • Jail Removal

    • Juveniles should not be placed in adult jails

    • Applies pre and post-trial

  • “Sight and Sound” Separation

    • Applies to juveniles who are temporarily

      placed in adult jails

    • Must be separated from adult inmates by

      “sight and sound”

Core protections cont
Core Protections, cont.

  • De-institutionalization

    of status offenders (DSO)

    • Status offenders cannot be locked up

      unless they violate a valid court order

  • Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC)

    • States must “address” problem of


Jjdpa history
JJDPA History

  • First passed 1974

  • JJDPA last reauthorized 2002, without major

    substantive changes, but changed

    “Disproportionate Minority Confinement” to

    “Disproportionate Minority Contact”.

  • Last substantive reauthorization 1992, which

    was when DMC became a core protection.

  • Much research and programmatic progress

    since then, so JJDPA is due for an update.

Senate activity 2008
Senate Activity 2008

  • Summer 2008: S. 3155 passed by Senate

    Judiciary Committee.

  • Bill as passed included substantial developments:

    • Extending jail removal and sight and sound

      separation protections to youth charged as adults;

    • Phase-out of Valid Court Order loophole

      allowing incarceration of status offenders;

    • More detail about DMC reduction;

    • Added improving conditions of confinement to

      data collection, OJJDP’s TA, and state plan; and

    • Incentive grants – mental health and best practices

  • No further activity in 110th Congress.

Senate activity 2009
Senate Activity 2009

  • New bill S. 678, the Juvenile Justice and

    Delinquency Prevention Reauthorization Act of 2009.

  • Introduced March 2009.

  • Much like S. 3155 as amended, with technical tweaks.

  • Markup and vote expected in Senate Judiciary in June.

  • No comprehensive bill yet in House.

  • .

Dmc core requirement incorporates what we know works
DMC Core Requirement:Incorporates What We Know Works

Implement policy, practice, and system improvement

strategies by:

  • Establishing coordinating bodies of jj stakeholders

  • Identifying and analyzing key decision points

  • Developing and implementing data collection and


  • Developing and implementing work plans with

    measurable objectives

  • Publicly reporting efforts

  • .

Dmc action network model for dmc reduction
DMC Action Network Model for DMC Reduction

Other advances relevant to dmc
Other Advances Relevant to DMC

  • States can plan and use formula funding for

    alternatives to incarceration.

  • Incentive grants have opportunities to increase

    evidence-based programming.

  • Mental health screening, assessment, and service

    provision enhancements can divert youth who need

    those services so they receive them outside the

    juvenile justice system.

  • .

More information:



Dana Shoenberg, Senior Staff Attorney

Center for Children’s Law and Policy

Phone: (202) 637-0377 ext.107

Email: [email protected]