Learning Goals • The students will understand the Colonists revolt against British power including events leading up to and causing the revolt and specific events and acts that happened and were put in place.
Anticipation Chart What I Already Know What I Want To Know What I Learned
Chapter 2 Section 1 • Colonies resist British control • British in debt and Hire Greenville (Financial expert) • Colonies merchants upset because they can’t trade with French colonies • Colonies merchants began smuggling so not as many taxes collected
Chapter 2 Section 1 • Sugar Act - Cut duties (Taxes) in half so merchants would pay them instead of risk getting caught smuggling. • It put a three-cent tax on foreign refined sugar and increased taxes on coffee, indigo, and certain kinds of wine. • It banned importation of rum and French wines. • These taxes affected only a certain part of the population, but the affected merchants were very vocal. • Besides, the taxes were enacted (or raised) without the consent of the colonists. • This was one of the first instances in which colonists wanted a say in how much they were taxed. • Violators will be tried in court other than colonial court • *** Colonists believed Sugar Act was unfair because they did not okay the act or elect the people who put it in power ***
Chapter 2 Section 1 • Stamp Act • Tax on documents and printed items such as newspapers etc… • Stamp placed on item to prove tax had been paid • Colonists unify to defy tax • Merchants boycotted British goods until the act was eliminated • Boycott was successful
Chapter 2 Section 1 • The Stamp Act was passed by the British Parliament on March 22, 1765. • The new tax was imposed on all American colonists and required them to pay a tax on every piece of printed paper they used. • Ship's papers, legal documents, licenses, newspapers, other publications, and even playing cards were taxed. • The money collected by the Stamp Act was to be used to help pay the costs of defending and protecting the American frontier near the Appalachian Mountains (10,000 troops were to be stationed on the American frontier for this purpose).
Chapter 2 Section 1 • The actual cost of the Stamp Act was relatively small. • What made the law so offensive to the colonists was not so much its immediate cost but the standard it seemed to set. • In the past, taxes and duties on colonial trade had always been viewed as measures to regulate commerce, not to raise money. The Stamp Act, however, was viewed as a direct attempt by England to raise money in the colonies without the approval of the colonial legislatures. • If this new tax were allowed to pass without resistance, the colonists reasoned, the door would be open for far more troublesome taxation in the future.
Chapter 2 Section 2 • Few colonists believed that they could do anything more than grumble and buy the stamps until the Virginia House of Burgesses adopted Patrick Henry's Stamp Act Resolves. • These resolves declared that Americans possessed the same rights as the English, especially the right to be taxed only by their own representatives; that Virginians should pay no taxes except those voted by the Virginia House of Burgesses; and that anyone supporting the right of Parliament to tax Virginians should be considered an enemy of the colony. • The House of Burgesses defeated the most extreme of Henry's resolutions, but four of the resolutions were adopted. Virginia Governor Fauquier did not approve of the resolutions, and he dissolved the House of Burgesses in response to their passage
Chapter 2 Section 1 • British Lawmakers Make more taxes • Anger mounts in Boston • Tea act said British companies did not have to pay taxes on tea like the Colony merchants did. This would cut out colonial team makers. • Colonies protested • December 16, 1773, colonists disguised as Indians entered British ships and dumped 18,000 pounds of British tea into Boston Harbor. This was known as the Boston Tea Party. • Boston Tea Party-
1. Name the financial expert that suggested Britain impose taxes and that the colonies could not trade with each other? a.) Greenville b.) Bonaparte c.) King Louis VIII 2. Describe the colonies response upon realizing they couldn’t trade with each other. a.) They began smuggling b.) They traded only with Britain c.) They declared war on Britain 3. What did the Sugar Act do? a.) Cut taxes so colonist would quit smuggling b.) Raised taxes so colonist would quit smuggling c.) It kept taxes the same 4.) What did the Stamp Act do? a.) It placed taxes on all imported items b.) It placed taxes on all exported items c.) It placed taxes on printed items 5.) What caused the Boston Tea Party? a.) British companies had to pay taxes on tea while the colonist’s merchants didn’t b.) Colonist merchants had to pay taxes on tea while the British merchants didn’t c.) French companies had to pay taxes on tea while the colonist’s merchants didn’t 6.) What did colonists disguise themselves as during the Boston Tea Party? a.) Indians b.) African slaves c.) Spanish royalty 7.) How many pounds of British tea were dumped into the Boston Harbor? a.) 8000 pound b.) 800 pounds c.) 18,000 pounds 8.) What did colonists do in response to the Stamp Act? a.) Boycotted British goods until the act was eliminated b.) Boycotted French goods until the act was eliminated c.) Boycotted Spanish goods until the act was eliminated 9.) Name one thing the Sugar Act did? a.) It put new taxes on exports b.) It put new taxes on imports c.) It placed taxes on all printed items 10.) What was the colonists view on the Sugar Act? a.) They felt like it was taxation with representation b.) It made them realize they were forced to deal with British regulations c.) They felt like it was taxation without representation Chapter 2 Section 1 Quiz