Where do english words come from
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Where do English words come from?. This presentation is made up of material from 04DescentofWords.htm and 04loans.html . You should read these pages closely. 0. 0. 0. 0. 0. 0. 0. 0. 0. 0. Systematic changes occur in the direct lines of descent only.

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Where do english words come from

Where do English words come from?

This presentation is made up of material from 04DescentofWords.htm and 04loans.html. You should read these pages closely.


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Systematic changes occur in the direct lines of descent only



1 direct descent from old english1
1 Direct descent from Old English

HEAFOD > HEVED > HEAD

CYRICE > CHURCH

HLAFDIGE > LADY

HLAFWEARD > HLAFORD > LAVERD > LORD

WÍFMANN > WOMAN

EOW > YOU


1 direct descent from old english2
1 Direct descent from Old English

  • Some have only changed their spelling slightly:

    SCIP > SHIP

    ECG > EDGE

    BRYCG > BRIDGE


1 direct descent from old english3
1 Direct descent from Old English

  • Some have changed little or not at all:

    IS HIS AND OFT FINGER LAMB STREAM SWIFT GOLD CORN STORM WIND FROST


1 direct descent from old english4
1 Direct descent from Old English

  • Some have changed their meaning:

bird

dog

be able to

know how to

want to


1 direct descent from old english5
1 Direct descent from Old English

  • Modern English words which are descended straight from Old English often have obvious Icelandic cognates

  • We say they are “Common Germanic” (“Common Teutonic”)




2 borrowed words
2 Borrowed words

Unsystematic change !



2 borrowed words2
2 Borrowed words

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chief


2 borrowed words3
2 Borrowed words

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chef


2 borrowed words4
2 Borrowed words

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head





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