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제 16 장 < 관계 대명사 >

제 16 장 < 관계 대명사 >

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제 16 장 < 관계 대명사 >

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  1. 제 16 장< 관계 대명사 >

  2. 관 계 대 명 사 (접속사) + (대명사) (He is the man. + He wrote it .) He is the manwho wrote it . 선행사관계대명사(접속사+대명사 역할) < 관계대명사 일람표 >

  3. A. 관계대명사:who 1. 주격: who • I met the girl. +She worked at the bank. • => I met the girl worked at the bank. who 2. 소유격: whose • This is the boy. +His father is a teacher. • => This is the boy father is a teacher. whose 3. 목적격: whom • That is the girl. + They are looking for her. • => • => • The girl is my sister. + You met her yesterday. • => That is the girl they are looking for. whom That is the girl they are looking. forwhom The girl you met yesterday is my sister. whom

  4. B. 관계대명사 : which 1. 주격: which • I will take the book. +It is on the desk. • => I will take the book is on the desk. which 2. 목적격: which • That is the house. + I was born in it. • => • => • ※(관계부사) => That is the house I was born in. which That is the house I was born. inwhich That is the house I was born. where ◈ 주격, 목적격 which 구분 (주 격): This is the dog which caught the bird. (목적격): This is the book which I bought yesterday. (which + V) (which + S + V)

  5. 3. 소유격 : whose, of which • I have a book. + The cover ofit is black. • => • => • => I have a bookthe cover is black. of which I have a bookthe cover is black. of which I have a bookcover is black. whose • The mountain is Mt. Everest. + The top ofit is • covered with snow. • => • => • => The mountainthe top is covered with snow is Mt. Everest. of which The mountain the top is covered with snow is Mt. Everest. of which The mountaintop is covered with snow is Mt. Everest. whose

  6. C .관계대명사 that 1. 관.대 ( who, whom, which ) 대용 • He is the teacher that(= whom) we all love. • This is the house that(= which) he was born in. (특징)(a) 제한적 용법에만 사용 (b)that 앞에전치사 올 수 없음 This is the house in that he was born. ( ) This is the house in which he was born.( ) This is the house that he was born in. ( ) X O O 2. that 의 특별 용법 a)선행사가 사람+동물, 사람+사물 일 때 • Look at the boy and the dogthat are coming • this way.

  7. b)선행사에 최상급 형용사, 서수가 있을 때 • This is the biggestdogthat I have ever seen. • She is the firstgirlthat came here. c)선행사에the only, the very, the same, all, every, any(= ~ thing…)등이 있을 때 • He is the onlypersonthat I respect. • I gave him allthe moneythat I had. • I can do anythingthat you can do. • This is the samewatchthat I lost. (동일물) • This is the samewatch as you have. (같은종류) d)의문대명사who, which, what의문문 에서 • Who is the boy that I saw just now? • What is music that they are playing?

  8. D. 관계대명사 (what => 선행사 + 관.대) • We must do the thing. +It is right. • => • => We must do the thing which is right. We must do is right. what (비교)He asked me what I wanted.( ) He gave me what I wanted. ( ) 의문사 : 무엇 관.대 : ~한 것 ※< 관계대명사 생략 > 1. 타동사, 전치사의 목적격관.대 생략 • He is the man (whom) I would like to meet. • This is the house (which, that) she lives in. • This is the house inwhich she lives. ( ) • =This is the house where she lives. 생략 불가

  9. 2. (주격 관계대명사 + be 동사 )=>생략 (형용사절) (현재분사)*분사:동사+형용사 (형용사절) (과거분사)*분사:동사+형용사 • I know the girl. + She is playing the piano. • => • => • This is the watch. + It was made in Korea. • => • => I know the girlwho is playing the piano. ( ) I know the girlplaying the piano. Thisisthe watchwhich was made in Korea. ( ) This is the watchmade in Korea. ※< 관계 대명사 용법 > 1. 제한적(한정적) 용법 He had two sonswho became doctors. (형용사절)

  10. 2. 계속적 용법 He had two sons,who became doctors. *계속적용법의 관계대명사=>접속사(and, but,for,though) + 대명사로 해석 ㈜접속사는 내용에 따라 선택 • He had two sons,who became doctors. • (= ) • He loved Mary,who didn’t love him. • (= ) • I trust him,who is very honest. • (= ) • I seldom see the girl,who lives next door. • (= ) and they but she for he though she

  11. {복합 관계대명사}=>관.대who,whom,which,what+ever로명사절과 양보 부사절 • He welcomed whoever called on him. (명사절) • (= He welcomed anyone who called on him.) • Whoever may say so, it is not true.(양보부사절) • (=No matter who may say so, it is not true.)