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SOCIOLOGICAL IMAGINATION. A way of understanding human behavior. Human behavior as the product of social forces. The Sociological Imagination. MACRO-ENVIRONMENT. PHYSICAL - All the flora, fauna, geography, and climate of the area.

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Sociological imagination l.jpg

SOCIOLOGICAL IMAGINATION

A way of understanding human behavior.

Human behavior as the product of social forces.



Macro environment l.jpg
MACRO-ENVIRONMENT

  • PHYSICAL - All the flora, fauna, geography, and climate of the area.

  • SOCIAL - All the people and their patterns of interaction of the area.

    • The macro-environment has a direct influence on the culture people create.



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CULTURE - All of the material and non-material products people produce in response to their environment.

  • MATERIAL- The concrete things that people make in response to their environment.

    • Concrete objects, such as cars, clothes, and houses.

  • NON-MATERIAL- The abstract constructs people produce in response to their environment.

    • Abstract products, such as norms, values, and language.



Society a group of people who share culture and live within a geographic boundary l.jpg
SOCIETY - A group of people who share culture and live within a geographic boundary.

  • People in society share most of the products of culture.

  • What distinguishes one society from another is not culture, language, or ethnicity, but rather the SOCIAL STRUCTURE of the society.



Social structure the pattern of relationships between the basic components of a society l.jpg
SOCIAL STRUCTURE - The pattern of relationships between the basic components of a society.

  • All societies have the same basic components.

  • Each society has a unique pattern of relationships between the basic components.


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SOCIAL STRUCTURE

INSTITUTIONS- A cluster of norms and values that develop around some basic

human need.

GROUP - Two or more people who interact on the basis of shared expectations about each others’ behavior, and have a SENSE OF BELONGING.

PRIMARY –

SECONDARY-

STATUS - A socially defined position that a person occupies.

ACHIEVED -

ASCRIBED –

ROLE- The expected behavior from someone who occupies a specific status position.

IMPLICIT -

EXPLICIT -






Micro environment all of the immediate physical and social surroundings of the individual l.jpg
MICRO - ENVIRONMENT - All of the immediate physical and social surroundings of the individual.

  • Physical - The concrete objects of the immediate surroundings.

  • Social - The people and group culture (norms and values) of the small group.



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GROUP CULTURE - The material and non-material products produces by the group, in response to the micro-environment.

  • Group culture includes the norms and values of the specific group to which the individual belongs.



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INDIVIDUAL BEHAVIOR

  • All human behavior is the product of social forces.

  • Human capacity may be biological or physiological, but human ability is the product of social forces that influence the individual.

  • In turn, the individual’s behavior has a minor influence on the macro-environment, and a more significant influence of the micro-environment to which the person belongs.