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Hazardous Materials Incident Considerations. Chapter 2 Hazardous Materials Reference Sources. Haz Mat Reference Sources. Session Objectives The student will be able to: Identify the types of hazard and response information available

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Hazardous Materials Incident Considerations

  • Chapter 2

    • Hazardous Materials Reference Sources


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Haz Mat Reference Sources

  • Session Objectives

    • The student will be able to:

      • Identify the types of hazard and response information available

      • Explain the advantages and disadvantages of each resource

      • Utilize various reference sources to identify hazard and response information about various hazardous materials


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Hazardous Materials Information

  • The key to success is knowing:

    • What information is needed

    • How to access it

    • How to properly interpret and utilize it


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Hazardous Materials Information

  • A working knowledge of the involved chemicals is needed to make sound decisions on:

    • Protective actions

    • Control zones

    • Levels of PPE

    • Other tactical operations


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Information Sources

  • Personnel at the site

  • Books

  • Computer data bases

  • Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)

MSDS


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Hazardous Materials Information and Reference Sources

  • Types of Information Needed

    • Physical properties

    • Chemical Properties


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Physical Properties

  • Vapor density

  • Water solubility

  • Specific gravity

  • Boiling point

  • Flash point

  • Flammable/explosive limits

  • Ignition temperature


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Chemical Properties

  • Corrosivity

  • Toxicity

  • Radioactivity

  • Oxidizing potential

  • Reactivity


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On-Site Personnel

  • Can be a valuable source of information on:

    • what happened

    • what materials are involved

    • what the conditions are


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Technical Experts

  • On site technical experts

  • Industry experts

  • Always confirm information with at least two other sources

  • Beware of “no big deal” syndrome


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Hazardous Materials Reference Books

  • To be useful, books should meet three requirements:

    • easy to access information

    • accurate

    • understandable

  • Training on the use of each book is a must!


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Reference Library

  • Maintain a reference library on response vehicles

  • Updated on a regular basis

  • Use at least three sources of information

  • Know which book will be the best source for a specific type of information


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North American Emergency Response Guide Book

  • Designed for First Responders

  • Good source of information on initial actions

    • isolation and protective actions

    • PPE


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Chemical Hazard Response Information System (CHRIS)

  • Designed to provide information needed for haz mat incidents on water ways

    • Condensed Guide

    • Hazardous Chemical Data


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NIOSH Pocket Guide

  • The NIOSH Pocket Guide is good source of health related information

    • PELs

    • IDLH

    • effects on target organs

  • Lists ionizing potentials for chemicals


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Condensed Chemical Dictionary

  • Provides three distinct types of information:

    • descriptions of chemicals, raw materials, processes, and equipment

    • expanded definitions of chemical entities, phenomena, and terminology

    • descriptions or identifications of a wide range of trademarked chemical products


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NFPA Fire Protection Guide on Hazardous Materials

  • Excellent source for fire-related data.

    • It contains four sections:

      • Section 49 contains information on chemical properties

      • Section 325M discusses the fire hazard properties of flammable liquids, gases and volatile solids

      • Section 491M is a listing of known chemical reactions

      • Section 704 Identification System


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Toxic and Hazardous Chemicals Safety Manual

  • Provides information on:

    • chemical uses

    • synonyms

    • properties

    • handling and storage

    • spill and leak mitigation

    • disposal and waste treatment


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Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials

  • Excellent source of clinical toxicological data on the health effects of chemicals

  • 20,000 entries in the book

  • Large section on synonyms

  • Identifies degree of hazard by toxicity number:

    • 1 - Slightly toxic

    • 2 - Moderately toxic

    • 3 - Highly toxic


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Farm Chemical Handbook

  • Excellent source of information on agricultural chemicals

    • index (yellow border)

    • Pesticide Dictionary

    • list of manufacturers’ names, addresses and telephone numbers


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Emergency Action Guides (AAR)

  • Specific information on various mitigation techniques and their subsequent consequences

  • Emphasis on materials transported by rail


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Other Reference Books

  • Hazardous Materials Desk Reference by Richard J. Lewis

  • Bretherick’s Handbook of Reactive Chemical Hazards

  • Clinical Toxicology of Commercial Products

  • Handbook of Compressed Gases


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Other Reference Books

  • Guidelines for the Selection of Chemical Protective Clothing

  • Hazardous Materials Injuries

  • Merck Index


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Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)

  • Supplies information about a particular hazardous substance or mixture

  • Required by labor Code, Title 8 and CFR 29

  • A MSDS must follow the standard format (Title 8)

    • however few look alike


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Information Required on a MSDS

  • Section I - Material/Manufacturer Identification

  • Section II - Ingredients

  • Section III - Physical Data

  • Section IV - Fire and Explosion Hazard Data

  • Section V - Health Hazard Data

  • Section VI - Reactivity Data

  • Section VII - Spill or Leak Procedures

  • Section VIII - Special Protection Information

  • Section IX - Special Precautions


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Data Bases

  • On-line systems

    • Hazardline

    • CHEMTREC’s Hazard Information Transmission (HIT)


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Software Packages

  • CAMEO

  • TOMES


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CAMEO (compiled by NOAA)

  • Available to response agencies for a nominal fee

  • Lists 3,300 chemical names with their synonyms

  • Mapping program of the jurisdiction is included

  • Plume modeling system


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TOMES

  • Available on CD-ROM

  • Contains over 4,000 chemicals

  • Start-up cost and quarterly fee for update info


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Other Information Resources

  • TOXCENTER

    • Based at Northridge Hospital (in Northridge, California)

    • provides information for emergency response

    • phone number - 213/885-9888 or 800/682-9000

  • Poison Control Center

  • National Pesticide Telecommunications Network (Texas Tech.)

    • Phone number - 800/858-7378