Robert Herrick 1591 - 1674
Life • Apprentice to his uncle • Goldsmith and jeweler • Member of Ben Jonson’s Circle of Young Friends • Include Shakespeare, Donne • Studied poetry; art of writing • Ordained a priest
School • Did not begin until 22 • Graduated at 29
Work • Priest in Dean Prior, Devonshire • Age 39 until 1647 when he was removed • 13 years later the king restored his right and he moved back to Dean and lived there until he died at age 83.
13 years • He wrote and published 1400 poems • Hesperides (Works Both Human and Divine) • Book title means: the book is a garden full of precious things
Carpe Diem • Seize the day • Carpo – to “reap” (in line one of To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time – gather replaces carpo).
To The Virgins, To Make Much of Time (movie clip) • Rhyme scheme – • 1st stanza – • Last stanza -
John Donne 1572 - 1631
Life • wrote argumentative poetry • Never wanted to be published; instead wanted to be part of the queen’s government • 1601 Married secretly – 17 year old Anne More (marriage without consent was a serious crime against both church and state) • eventually arrested and jailed – where he wrote his shortest poem: John Donne Anne Donne Undone • 12 children – 5 died in infancy
Education • Oxford University – 11 years old • Law School – late teens • Clergyman - 1615 • Passionate speaker
Metaphysical Conceit • Are odd and surprising figures of speech • One thing is compared with another thing that is much unlike it. • Ex: • A lover’s tears are newly minted coins. • the king’s court is a bowling alley. • a man is a world. • lovers are holy saints.
Journal • If you were leaving for a long time, what would you say to someone you love who is left behind? • If you were the one left, what would you want to hear?
A Valediction Forbidding Mourning • Farewell of a husband and wife • The husband forbids his wife to mourn their parting • He instructs her to behave with dignity • He says their relationship is such a strong union of souls that even distance cannot separate them.