Student with Special Needs. Class #5 - Chapter 8 ADHD & Chapter 12 – Other Health Impairments Karen Gatto & Roni Kramer Winter 2009. Other Health Impairment.
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Class #5 - Chapter 8 ADHD & Chapter 12 – Other Health Impairments
Karen Gatto & Roni Kramer
Having limited strength, vitality or alertnessincluding a heightened alertness to environmental stimuli, that results in limited alertness with respect to the educational environment, that is due to chronic or acute health problems, including but not limited to a heart condition, tuberculosis, rheumatic fever, nephritis, asthma, sickle cell anemia, hemophilia, epilepsy, lead poisoning, leukemia, diabetes, attention deficit disorder, attention deficit /hyperactivity disorder or tourette syndrome, which adversely affects a student's educational performance.
Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (AD/HD)
Some sources have reported that AD/HD affects to varying degrees upwards of 30-40% of the general population. This can interfere with an individual's ability to focus for extended periods of time, or to break from focus in order to move forward. For some individuals with AD/HD, it is often difficult to filter key information from the distraction of sensory overload. Others may be described as having a 'racing-mind', which suggests information is processed so fast that key information for understanding is missed. AD/HD may adversely impact social interactions, personal relationships, time management, organization, anxiety levels, patience, and much more
and /or hyperactivity-impulsivity.
AD/HD – must have 6 or more characteristics that are present for at least 6 months
Nonverbal Working Memory:
Internalization of speech
Self regulation of affect, motivation and arousal:
The need for external motivation – 7 key words:
See page 194 – putting strategies to work
Tourette’s Syndrome is a neurobiological disorder characterized by motor and vocal tics with an onset in childhood.
Cerebral = brain/Palsy = muscle control that affects movement
Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD) is a complex disorder of the brain that affects developing children and adults. People with SPD misinterpret everyday sensory information, such as touch, sound, and movement. They may feel bombarded by information, they may seek out intense sensory experiences, or they may have other symptoms.
"Sensory processing" refers to our ability to take in information through our senses (touch, movement, smell, taste, vision, and hearing), organize and interpret that information, and make a meaningful response. For most people, this process is automatic. When we hear someone talking to us or a bird chirping, our brains interpret that as speech or an animal sound, and we respond to that information appropriately.