Afro-Caribbean Spiritualities. Many linguistic and religious traditions in Africa Dahomean (from Dahomey) Nigeria and Benin Yoruban (from Yoruba) “Slave Coast”. Historical Precursors. African Religions Dahomean Spiritual Hierarchy: Nana-Buluku Mawu-Lisa Da Vodou (gods)
“Indians Punished” 1532
Slaves on the Middle Passage
“Punishing Slaves in Cuba” 1860’s
Caption (translated): Exorcism-Baptism of the Negroes.
“Negro prayer meeting” 19th c.
The Seven African Powers
"an old-time midnight slave funeral” 1881