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CIS 105 Survey of Computer Information Systems. Essential Concepts and Terminology Study Unit 7. Media Convergence. . The unification of all earlier media forms (print, audio, video, animation, telephone) in a single medium. Internet. .

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cis 105 survey of computer information systems

CIS 105Survey of Computer Information Systems

Essential Concepts and Terminology

Study Unit 7

media convergence
Media Convergence.
  • The unification of all earlier media forms (print, audio, video, animation, telephone) in a single medium.
internet
Internet.
  • The worldwide communication technology and infrastructure that links computer networks using TCP/IP protocol, enabling direct data exchange between any two connected computers.
isp internet service provider
ISP (Internet Service Provider).
  • A company that provides Internet access, often by paid subscriptions, to businesses, organizations, and individuals.
internet protocol ip
Internet Protocol (IP).
  • The rules enabling data to be sent from one computer to another on the Internet. The protocol specifies that each computer have at least one uniquely identifier, its IP address.
ip address
IP Address.
  • The unique four-part number separated by periods (such as 216.239.39.120) used for identifying each computer connected to the Internet.
www world wide web
WWW (World Wide Web).
  • The network of computer networks enabling connected users to access billions of pages of information.
platform
Platform.
  • A distinct class of computers, distinguished as using a specific type of processor and operating system.
interoperability
Interoperability.
  • The characteristic of the Internet that enables cross-platform computer operations.
online service
Online Service.
  • A proprietary network offering customized, fee-based access, client software, and services.
portal
Portal.
  • An Internet gateway providing organized content, often with free services to attract commercial activity and advertisers.
arpanet
ARPANet.
  • The network created in 1969 by the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA). ARPANet was the first network to use the technology that is the basis of the Internet.
client
Client.
  • A program running on a computer, such as a Web browser, that requests information from another computer.
server
Server.
  • Any computer providing a service to other computers on a network. A program on a networked computer that provides data to client computers.
hyperlink
Hyperlink.
  • Portion of a hypertext markup language document that directs a client program to retrieve another document. This technological advance enabled the World Wide Web.
hypertext
Hypertext.
  • Text strings in documents that are often underlined, highlighted, or otherwise emphasized to indicate their hyperlink property.
url uniform resource locator
URL (Uniform Resource Locator).
  • The unique address that specifies precisely the location of a Web page.
ftp file transfer protocol
FTP (File Transfer Protocol).
  • The set of rules enabling downloading and uploading of ASCII and text files via the Internet.
ascii
ASCII.
  • Acronym for American Standard Code for Information Interchange, the predominant computer character set encoding, currently using 7 bit binary code to define 128 possible characters.
executable file
Executable File.
  • A file containing instructions capable of running on a computer, usually with an .exe extension if intended for use on a PC.
macro
Macro.
  • Any set of instructions that automates a task. A macro can be written or created by performing a task while recording the steps.
usenet
Usenet.
  • An Internet discussion group news service for collecting and storing information by topic categories, called newsgroups and forums. More than 50,000 newsgroups exist.
thread
Thread.
  • A series of newsgroup articles with a continuing commentary on a particular subject.
netiquette
Netiquette.
  • Etiquette rules pertaining to use of Internet communications.
flames
Flames.
  • Angry or critical Internet communications.
internet chat relay icr
Internet Chat Relay (ICR).
  • Internet service that supports many channels of real-time, text-based conversation among multiple participants.
transmission control protocol internet protocol tcp ip
Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP).
  • A standard set of communication rules used by every computer connected to the Internet.
point to point protocol ppp
Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP).
  • A version of PCP/IP to connect a dial-up computer to the Internet using a temporarily assigned IP address.
digital subscriber line dsl
Digital Subscriber Line (DSL).
  • A protocol that enables high-speed, permanent online Internet connections using telephone lines.
backbone
Backbone.
  • A transmission line that carries data gathered from smaller interconnected lines, at the local level, from LAN to LAN or from a LAN to a wide area network connection, or, on the Internet or other wide area network, a set of paths that local or regional networks connect to for long-distance interconnection.
network access points naps
Network Access Points (NAPS).
  • Several major Internet interconnection points that provide major switching facilities and tie all the Internet access providers together.
domain name system dns
Domain Name System (DNS).
  • The system of Internet addressing that stores and translates meaningful and easy-to-remember text aliases (such as www.mc.maricopa.edu) into Internet Protocol addresses.
internet network information center internic
Internet Network Information Center (InterNIC).
  • The organization originally responsible for registering and maintaining top-level domain names on the World Wide Web. Recently, competition was introduced and the Internet Corporation of Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) conducts registrar accreditation.
top level domain names
Top-Level Domain Names
  • .gov
    • Government agency
  • .edu
    • Educational institution
  • .org
    • Nonprofit organizations
  • .com
    • Commercial business
  • .net
    • Network organizations
intranet
Intranet.
  • A local or wide-area computer network based in TCP/IP, and not necessarily available to external connections.
firewall
Firewall.
  • A program to prevent or limit external access to a computer from networked connections.
end of study unit 7
End of Study Unit 7.

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