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An Action Plan for Developing AIMs: Evidence From Africa. By B. L. Bumb, Program Leader and Principal Scientist—Economics, IFDC Presented by Ian Gregory, Director, MDD, IFDC. Genesis. USAID/Carter Center Study, 1997 IFDC/SG 2000 Partnership Work, 1998-2000

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an action plan for developing aims evidence from africa

An Action Plan for Developing AIMs: Evidence From Africa

By B. L. Bumb, Program Leader and Principal Scientist—Economics, IFDC

Presented by

Ian Gregory, Director, MDD, IFDC

genesis
Genesis
  • USAID/Carter Center Study, 1997
  • IFDC/SG 2000 Partnership Work, 1998-2000
  • USAID-Funded Strategic Framework for Developing Sustainable Input Supply Systems in Africa, 1998/99

IFDC

the framework
The Framework
  • Collaborative Effort
  • Seed, Fertilizers, and CPPs
  • Holistic Approach
  • Validation Workshop
  • Action Plans to Test the Framework

IFDC

action plans
Action Plans
  • Completed
    • Malawi
    • Nigeria
    • Ghana
    • Uganda
  • Planned
    • Zambia
    • Tanzania

IFDC

nature and scope
Nature and Scope
  • Functioning and Performance of AIMs
  • Constraints Affecting Their Performance
  • Measures Needed to Make Them More Efficient
  • Potential of the Private Sector

IFDC

findings functioning and performance
Findings—Functioning and Performance
  • Underdeveloped and Fragmented
  • High Input Prices
  • Poor Accessibility
  • High Transaction Costs

IFDC

findings constraints
Findings—Constraints
  • Macropolicy Constraint
  • Market Development-Related Constraint
  • Technical Constraints

IFDC

findings potential

Findings — Potential

Potential of the Private Sector Is Good but Constrained

IFDC

the approach
The Approach
  • Supply Side of the Market Equation
  • Shifting the Supply Curve to the Right
  • Technology Transfer Efforts

IFDC

slide11

The Conceptual Framework: The SSCR Approach*

*Shifting the Supply Curve to the Right.

IFDC

measures needed to make aims more efficient
Measures Needed to Make AIMs More Efficient
  • Policy
  • Human Capital
  • Finance
  • MIS
  • Regulatory Frameworks
  • Technology Transfer Efforts

IFDC

slide13

Policy

Human

Capital

Regulatory

Mechanisms

Finance

MIS

Market Development Process

Holistic Approach

IFDC

institutional arrangements
Institutional Arrangements
  • Holistic Approach
  • Public-Private Partnership
  • Government Commitment
  • Donor Support

IFDC

public private partnership
Public-Private Partnership
  • Identification of Roles
    • Private Sector — Directly Productive Activities
    • Public Sector — Public Goods and Externalities
  • Identification of Areas
    • Market Information
    • Technology Transfer
    • Regulation/Quality Control
    • Risk Management
  • Implementation of Action Plan

IFDC

government commitment
Government Commitment
  • Maintain Market-Friendly Policy
  • Invest in Infrastructure and Institutions
  • Implement Market Development Projects

IFDC

donor support
Donor Support
  • Abstain From Creating Distortions
  • Strengthen the Process of Marketization
  • Provide Funds for the Implementation of Market Development Projects

IFDC

conclusion
Conclusion
  • It’s the beginning, not the end. Well-functioning AIMs will lay the foundation for enhancing agricultural productivity in Africa.
  • With government commitment and long-term donor support, it can be achieved.

IFDC