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Lecture 3. Phonetic Transcriptions English Vowels About the Lab. A few words about phonetic transcription : IPA characters are used to transcribe the sounds in a word. BED. TIP. ME. CAREFUL! These may not correspond to the number of letters in the word. SHEEP. TONGUE. LAUGH.

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lecture 3

Lecture 3

Phonetic Transcriptions

English Vowels

About the Lab...

Hilton

slide2
A few words about phonetic transcription:
  • IPA characters are used to transcribe the sounds in a word

BED

TIP

ME

Hilton

slide3
CAREFUL! Thesemay not correspond to the number of letters in the word

SHEEP

TONGUE

LAUGH

BRUISE

Hilton

slide4
Phonetic transcription:
  • there is no punctuation in phonetic transcription (no capital letters, etc.)

How's it going?

  • there may be symbols that look like punctuation, but they have a new (symbolic) meaning…

Hilton

slide5
You need to learn a new meaning for these two "punctuation signs":

'(an apostrophe)

IPA symbol for WORD STRESS

: (a colon)

used in the IPA to indicate a LONG VOWEL

Hilton

slide6
'marks WORD STRESS

placed BEFORE the stressed syllable

'

'

'

Hilton

slide7
From now on, WORD STRESS will be marked in every polysyllabic word that we transcribe...

Hilton

slide8
:indicates a LONG VOWEL*

placed AFTER the vowel symbol

(a long vowel is simply a vowel you take a longer time to say…)

moon

deep

leaf

/ mu:n /

/ di:p /

/ li:f /

Hilton

slide9
Speaking of VOWELS…

The English Vowel System

Hilton

slide10
5LONG VOWELS

sheep

blue moon

bird

door

car

vowel + [r]

Hilton

slide11
6"SHORT" VOWELS

ship

bed

hat

sun

dog

put, book

Hilton

slide12
1UNACCENTED VOWEL SOUND

banana

"schwa"

Hilton

slide13
12 Monophthongs

= simple (single) vowel sound

Hilton

slide14
rose

cow

cake

night

boy

8 Diphthongs

beer

care

poor

monophthong + [r]

Hilton

slide15

5 Triphthongs

flower

higher

player

slower

lawyer

diphthong + [r]

Hilton

slide16
13 Compound vowel sounds ("glides")

+

12 Monophthongs

=

25 English vowel sounds

French: 16 vowel sounds

Italian, Spanish: 5 (??)

Hilton

slide17
To master this complex system, you need:
  • to understand a little bit about vowels
  • to learn the sounds (and the symbols)
  • to PRACTICE, PRACTICE, PRACTICE!

Hilton

slide18
What is a vowel?
  • How do you make a vowel sound?
  • What do you do (with your mouth) to change from one vowel sound to another?

EXPERIMENT, and TELL ME

(in English, obviously!)

Hilton

slide19
A vowel sound:
  • a reverberation of air in the mouth cavity
  • vocal chords "on" (always) = "voiced" sound

1. the degree to which your mouth is open

2. the position of your tongue

determine which vowel you produce.

Hilton

slide20
Hilton

www.ling.mq.edu.au/.../ vowel_artic.html.

booklet p 10 copy the symbols and key words
Booklet, p. 10: copy the symbols, and key words

SHEEP

BLUE MOON

FISH

BOOK

"schwa"

BED

DOOR

BIRD

HAT

SUN

DOG

CAR

Hilton

slide36
Homework:
  • Study all the "long" vowels: booklet, pages 11, 15 (CAR), 16, 17 (MOON).
  • For each vowel, try pronouncing the words.
  • Look up any words you don't know in the dictionary (unilingual, preferably).
  • Notice how many different ways each sound can be spelled!!

Hilton