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Welcome to…. :: Primer Series on Islamic Civilisation ::. Session 1: Contact and Connect. Islamic Civilisation Primer Series. Programme Summary. S1: Contact & Connect. S2: Deep Impact. S3: That’s Great!. S4: Show Time. Contact & Connect. Introduction to Islamic Civilisation.

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welcome to

Welcome to…..

:: Primer Series on Islamic Civilisation ::

Session 1: Contact and Connect

programme summary

Islamic CivilisationPrimer Series

Programme Summary

S1: Contact & Connect

S2: Deep Impact

S3: That’s Great!

S4: Show Time

overview of session 1

Contact & Connect

Introduction to Islamic Civilisation

Chronology of Islamic History

Spread of Islam to SE Asia


Overview of Session 1
course evaluation







Online Quiz




Course Evaluation

Activity 1:

My CV Your CV


Lecture 1:

Introduction to Islamic Civilisation

islamic inventions

Fountains &





Islamic Inventions ??
fountains gardens
  • The first recorded use of garden and wall fountains comes from the ancient Middle East.
  • From the 8th century onwards, gardens were recreated and spread across the Muslim world, from Spain to India.
  • 100 years later, the Abassiah created designs of their own. Gardens with geometrical flowerbeds, shallow canals and fountains were drawn everywhere in Islamic Persia, Spain, Sicily and India.
  • The Alhambra in Granada, Spain and the Taj Mahal in India are beautiful examples of these peaceful gardens.
  • It was in Toledo in 11th century Muslim Spain, and later in Seville, that the first royal botanical gardens of Europe made their appearance
  • The earliest hospital in Islam was built during the time of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon Him).
  • During the wars, a mobile hospital will follow the Muslim armies to attend the sick and the injured. This tradition continued until the first hospital was built in Damascus during the time of The Umayyah Dynasty.
  • Caliph al-Walid ordered to build a hospital in Damascus in AD 706.
  • Later in AD 1285, Sultan Qalaun al-Mansur built the largest of all hospital.
  • Sherbet derives from Arabic word ‘shariba’ which means ‘to drink’.
  • It is made from fruit juices or extracts of flowers and herbs, combined with sugar and water to form a syrup that is mixed at a later time with water, ice or even snow.
  • At the end of the 19th century emerged America’s craze for carbonated medicinal drinks. This was the source for Coca-Cola, which first spread across the country through drugstores and pharmacies.
  • Miswak, scientific name Salvadora Persica, used in many Arab and Islamic countries.
  • Miswak is composed of a compact group of minute natural fibers that perform exactly the same job as a normal toothbrush except that it is made of natural fibers and may well be gentler on the gums.
  • Research has proven that the Miswak contains more than 10 different natural chemical compounds considered essential for good oral and dental hygiene.
  • Some of these components are stain removers and teeth whiteners, some protect teeth against cavities, some are bactericidal and antiseptic, some help in healing and repairing tissue, among others


(20 min)

Link It

(15 min)

Stand In Line

(10 min)

Lesson 2: Chronology of Islamic History


Historyof Islam:

A Brief


Prophet’s (saw) Era

Khulafa Arrasyidun




  • Khulafa Arrasyidin (632 – 661)
    • Abu Bakar, Umar, Uthman and Ali (R.A)
  • Ummayyah (661 – 750)
    • Move capital to Damascus
    • Dome of the Rock (691)
    • Establishment of Andalusia (756)
  • Abbassiah (749 – 1258)
    • Foundation of Baghdad (762)
    • Harun Al-Rashid (786-809)
      • Cultural Renaissance
      • Formation of Shariah law
      • Study of Fiqh
  • Ummayah Amirs in Andalusia (756 – 1492)
    • Building of La Mezquita (785)
    • Cordova as learning centre (969 -1027)
    • Fall of Toledo (1085)
    • Alhambra (1334)
    • Fall of Granada (1492)
  • Shii Fatimis (969 - 1171)
    • Move capital from Tunisia to Cairo, built Al-Azhar (972)
  • Seljuks (1038 – 1194)
    • Defeat Byzantine and establish themselves in Anatolia (1071)
  • Ayyubiah (1169 -1260)
    • Defeats Fatimids and converts it to Sunni
    • Saladin defeats the Crusaders and restore Jurasalem (1187)
  • Mamluks (1250 – 1517)
    • Defeats the Mongols (1260)
  • Uthmaniah (1281 – 1924)
    • Uthman founds Uthmaniah Dynasty at Anatolia (1288)
    • Conquers Constantipole (Istanbul), capital of Uthmaniah Dynasty (1453)
    • Conquer Egypt and Syria from Mamluks (1517)
    • Establishment of formal Uthmaniah embassies in European capitals (1789-1807)
    • Wahhabis occupy Arabian Hijaz, wresting it from Ottoman (1803)
    • Reformation of Uthmaniah dynasty, contracts foreign loans which result in bankruptcy
    • Ataturk set up Turkish state (1923)
7 th 9 th century
7th – 9th Century
  • Arab, Persian and Indian traders came to the Malay Archipelago
  • Mostly from Oman, Hadramaut, Gujerat, Malabar and Persia, of Syafi’e school
  • Set-up villages in West Sumatra (52h and 62H)
10 th 13 th century
10th – 13th Century
  • Muslim society lived harmoniously under the Hindu Kingdom, Langkasuka, Sriwijaya, Janggala.
  • Hindu Kingdom decline through war
  • With support from Mamluk, Muslim Kingdom established in Aceh (Seri Paduka Sultan Johan Syah -1205 CE), and Samudra-Pasai (Al-Malikus-Saleh Raja Samudra I – 1290s),
14 th 15 th century
14th -15th Century
  • 1377 CE- Kingdom of Majapahit attacks Palembang, Singapore and Pasai Samudra.
  • Parameswara, the King of Singapore, at that time a Hindu Kingdom, escapes to Malacca
  • He establishes a Kingdom in Malacca,
  • 1384 CE - Converted to Islam with the name Sultan Muhammad Syah
  • 1405-12 CE - Cheng Ho visit Pasai
  • 1419 CE- Sultan Iskandar Shah visit China together with Cheng Ho
  • Wali Sembilan
16 th century
16th Century
  • 1511- Fall of Muslim Kingdom in Malacca due to colonization of the Portuguese, led by Alfonso d’Albuquerque.
  • Establishment of Muslim Kingdom in Aceh Pidir, Demak and Bantam.
17 th century
17th Century
  • Muslims uprising against Dutch and English colonisation.
18 th 19 th century
18th – 19th Century
  • More uprising.
  • Arabs from Hadramaut come to Malay Archipelago by the masses.
  • Ulama Sheikh Arsyad in Banjarmasin, Sheikh Nawawi in Bantam, Sheikh Abdus Samad in Palembang
group discussion

Group Discussion

“My Ancestors”


Before Today’s


After Today’s


  • Share with others 3 things that
    • You DID
    • You SAW
    • You LEARNT
preview of deep impact
Preview of Deep Impact
  • 13 Jan 2006, 10am @ An-Nahdhah Mosque
  • Sociology Coffee Break
  • For enquiries, e-mail azree@muis.gov.sg or call 63591172