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Tale of the Tape: The Challengers. Pit Stop. What were the Crittenden Amendments This state seceded first Who was the president of the South? Government name? What did the Compromise of 1850 deal with?. Who was John C. Breckenridge? Why is he important? What is the Freeport Doctrine?

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Tale of the tape the challengers

Tale of the Tape:The Challengers


Pit stop
Pit Stop

  • What were the Crittenden Amendments

  • This state seceded first

  • Who was the president of the South?

    • Government name?

  • What did the Compromise of 1850 deal with?

  • Who was John C. Breckenridge? Why is he important?

  • What is the Freeport Doctrine?

  • What is the Wilmot Proviso?



South carolina secedes war of northern aggression
South Carolina Secedes?War of Northern Aggression?

  • Only 2 Federal forts remain in the South

    • South seizes other government buildings

  • ________________________

    • Lincoln is trapped

  • South Carolina sees it as aggression and fires/captures Ft. Sumter

    • April 1861

  • Throws out the talk of peaceful solutions


More secession
More Secession

  • After Ft. Sumter more secession

  • Border states

  • Border states have ________________________

    • Manufacturing aspects as well


Border states
Border States

  • Lincoln’s Goal is to ______________________

    • Declares _______________________

    • Sends troops to MO and western VA

  • North’s Purpose for War

  • 5 Civilized Tribes

    • Sided with the _______________

      • Confederate government promises to make federal payments to them

    • Sends troops to Confederate army


Divided we fall
Divided We Fall…

  • Many volunteers in the North to the South

    • Why?

  • Many volunteers in the South to the North

    • 300,000

  • Many families were split apart

    • Lincoln had 4 brothers-in-law fight for the Confederacy


Foreign aid
Foreign Aid

  • Trent Affair, 1861

  • Alabama

  • Britain eventually stops because they realize they are setting a dangerous precedent


Foreign aid1
Foreign Aid

  • South needed help to win

    • Most of Europe ruling classes are ______________

      • Hate ____________

    • Working class were for the North

      • Couldn’ t vote but ruling class didn’t want to anger them

  • High unemployment in Britain at the start of the war

    • Lincoln

  • Unemployment relief


Foreign flare ups
Foreign Flare Ups

  • France

    • Napoleon III _____________________

      • Why is that an issue?

    • US remains careful until the end of the war

      • Napoleon takes back support and Max is taken out

  • Canada

    • Canadians plan to burn/steal from Northern cities

    • Irish get together groups and go invade Canada

    • Dominion of Canada is created by Britain


Askin all them questions
Askin’ All Them Questions

  • Who are the 2 presidents?

  • What is Lincoln’s dilemma with Ft. Sumter?

  • Who are the Border states?

  • What is transcendentalism?

  • What is the Missouri Compromise?


Making statements assuming
Making Statements, Assuming

  • What do you think the advantages of the South will be going into the Civil War?

  • What does this remind you of?



Tale of the tape
Tale of the Tape

  • Confederate Government

    • Can’t ___________________

    • Some states only want troops to fight within their borders

  • Jefferson Davis

    • Wanted a ___________ central government

      • Opposed

    • Was a good speaker, but butted heads with his cabinet/Congress

    • Didn’t listen to public opinion

    • Nervous breakdowns

    • Hard to handle military and diplomatic handlings


South finances during the war
South Finances During the War

  • Crushed

  • Blockade and destruction

    • 30% of nation’s wealth, 1861

    • 12% of nation’s wealth, 1870

  • Other Issues

    • Ripped up lines to repair others

    • Window weights used for bullets

    • Gourds were made into dishes



Raising troops
Raising Troops

  • Southern Army

    • Volunteer at first

    • Had to go to conscription sooner than the North

      • Why?

    • Hiring of substitutes was allowed

    • Slaveowners with 20 or more slaves could be exempted


Raising money south
Raising Money: South

  • Customs duties

    • Were cut off by Northern blockade

  • Bonds

    • Netted $400,000,000

  • Taxes

  • Paper money


Tale of the tape1
Tale of the Tape

  • Northern strengths strongly outweigh Southern strengths in the long run

  • What Ifs

    • Border states seceded

    • Uncertain states like IL, IN, OH seceded

    • Early defeats lead to an armistice?

    • Britain/France help the South


Askin all them questions1
Askin’ All Them Questions

  • What is conscription

  • Explain the quote “Rich man’s war…poor man’s fight”

  • What were some advantages for the South? Disadvantages?

  • Fort Sumter

  • What is habeas corpus?

    • Who got rid of it? Why?


Tale of the tape defending civil war champs

Tale of the Tape:Defending Civil War Champs


Previously
Previously

  • What is conscription

  • Where did large draft riots take place? Who? Why?

  • Explain the quote “Rich man’s war…poor man’s fight”

  • What were some advantages for either side?

  • What is habeas corpus?

    • Who got rid of it? Why?

  • Who are the 2 presidents?

  • What is Lincoln’s dilemma with Ft. Sumter?

  • Who are the Border states?


Tale of the tape2
Tale of the Tape

  • The North


Tale of the tape3
Tale of the Tape

  • Government

  • Abraham Lincoln


Tale of the tape4
Tale of the Tape

  • Lincoln and the Constitution

  • Questionable actions


Raising troops1
Raising Troops

  • North

    • Bounty Brokers

      • Enlisted multiple times to collect signing bonuses

    • Draft riots, NYC, 1863

      • Irish

      • Lasted for 4 days

      • 2,000 killed


Raising money north
Raising Money: North

  • Taxes

  • Customs duties

  • Paper Money

    • $450,000,000 issued

  • Bonds

    • 2,500,000

  • National Banking System



Boom time in the north
Boom Time in the North

  • New Factories

    • What would’ve helped them?

  • Development of _______________

  • Labor Saving Machines

  • Petroleum

    • Found in PA, 1859

  • Pioneers move west

    • Free land in Homestead Act, 1862


Women during the war
Women During the War

  • New opportunities for women

    • Clerks

    • Manufacturers

  • 400 posed as male soldiers

    • Spies

  • Nurses

  • Organized fundraisers


Askin all them questions2
Askin’ All Them Questions

  • Who was Clara Barton?

  • What were some economic benefits for the North?

  • Why was Lincoln troubled about Ft. Sumter?

  • What was the Lecompton Constitution?


Union military strategy
Union Military Strategy

  • Anaconda Strategy

    • Slowly suffocate the South with a blockade

  • Liberate slaves in the South

  • Seize the Mississippi River

    • Cut the South in half

  • Send troops through Carolina and Georgia

  • Decapitate it by taking Richmond

  • Engage everywhere possible

    • Grant’s idea


  • Naming of the civil war
    Naming of the Civil War

    • The different sides had different names for some of the battles

      • North

      • South

    • Also reflected in ______________


    Battle of first bull run manassas junction
    Battle of First Bull Run / Manassas Junction

    • July 1861

    • Lincoln wants to try his unready troops

      • Demonstrate Union power

      • Could lead to fall of Richmond

        • Only 100 miles away

    • Congressmen and spectators showed up

      • Brought lunch pails and carriages


    Battle of first bull run manassas junction1
    Battle of First Bull Run / Manassas Junction

    • Union does well at the beginning of the battle

    • __________________ holds the line for the South

      • Like a stone wall

    • Results

      • 5,000 total casualties

      • _____________________________

      • Made South more confident

      • Some Southern soldiers deserted thinking that the war was over

      • Southern enlistments dropped


    Askin all them questions3
    Askin’ All Them Questions

    • Why are there different names for certain battles? One example.

    • What was the North’s strategy to win the war?

    • What happened with the Trent?

    • What was the Alabama? What are the possible consequences of it?

    • Abraham Lincoln suspended this right in order to preserve the Union.

    • What were Southern advantages during the Civil War?

    • What were the Border states?

    • What happened at Ft. Sumter? Why was Lincoln faced with a dilemma?

    • Who is Maximillian? Why is he put in?

    • What is conscription?



    George mccllelan the peninsula
    George McCllelan & the Peninsula

    • West Point grad

      • Fought in M-A war

    • Command of Army of Potomac

      • Hated to sacrifice troops

      • A “players coach”

      • Overcautious

        • Always thought he was outnumbered

    • Constantly drills his army without doing anything

      • Lincoln tells him to move forward


    George mccllelan the peninsula1
    George McCllelan & the Peninsula

    • McCllelan decides to take a water approach, Spring 1861

      • After a month of fighting the Union captures Yorktown

        • Wasn’t defended well…shouldn’t have taken that long

      • Lincoln diverts troops to chase after Stonewall Jackson

    • Lee counter-attacks

      • __________________, June 1862

        • Union ends up retreating


    Results of peninsula campaign
    Results of Peninsula Campaign

    • South…winning (duh)

      • Lee loses 20,000

      • McCllelan looses 10,000

    • McCllelan removed from command

      • Temporarily

    • Lincoln

    • If Richmond had fallen

      • Union restored with slavery?


    Battles on the sea
    Battles on the Sea

    • What is Northern strategy?

      • Concentrated only on largest ports

    • Blockade running

      • Britain says its up to you

      • Profitable

      • Rendezvous in the British Bahamas

        • British later use this strategy in WW1

    • ___________________________

      • _________________________

      • Monitor was the Union response

      • Two ships fought to a standstill

        • South eventually destroys theirs to keep it away from the North

        • END of wooden ships


    The south is rising
    The South is Rising

    • Second Battle of Bull Run, August 1862

      • Lee attacked Union general Pope

      • CSA wins convincingly

    • Effects of South winning early

      • Infighting in the North

        • Example?

      • Lincoln is pressured to act on slavery

        • Why?


    The south is rising1
    The South is Rising

    • Lee decides to _______________

      • Bring MD into the South

      • Encourage foreign intervention

    • General Lee heads towards Antietam Creek in Maryland…(cue duh duhduhduh music)


    Askin all them questions4
    Askin’ All Them Questions

    • What was the Merrimack?

      • Effect?

    • What was the Peninsula Campaign?

    • Describe George McCllelan?

    • What happened at the 1st Bull Run?


    Battle of antietam
    Battle of Antietam

    • September 1862

      • McCllelan is restored to command

    • Union troops find a copy of Lee’s battle plan

    • McCllelan is able to stop Lee’s advance

    • Lee retreats

      • McCllelan lets him go


    Effects of battle of antietam
    Effects of Battle of Antietam

    • Bloodiest day of the war

      • 4,000 dead

    • The South was on the verge of winning the war


    History channel
    History Channel

    http://www.history.com/topics/battle-of-antietam/videos#the-battle-of-antietam



    Askin all them questions5
    Askin’ All Them Questions

    • What was the Merrimack?

      • Effect?

    • What was the Peninsula Campaign?

    • Describe George McClellan:

    • What happened at the 1st Bull Run?

    • What was Thomas Jackson’s nickname? Where did he get it?

    • This was the bloodiest single day of battle during the Civil War:

    • Why did Lee want to go to MD?

    • What was the Confederate capital city?

    • What is habeas corpus? Why was it suspended?

    • What was the Emancipation Proclamation?



    Emancipation proclamation
    Emancipation Proclamation

    • Lincoln felt it was right

      • Border states were secured

      • Had a victory to hang his hat on

      • Issued on September 23, 1862

        • Official on Jan. 1, 1863

    • What Did it Do?

    • Strengthened morale

    • Did away with ____________________


    Emancipation proclamation1
    Emancipation Proclamation

    • Public reaction


    African americans in the civil war
    African Americans in the Civil War

    • At the beginning

      • Only the US navy allowed enrollment

        • Cooks

      • After the EP and enlistment #s were low they were accepted

    • 180,000

    • Why serve?

    • Slaves in Confederate Army


    Gettysburg trailer
    Gettysburg Trailer

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Usg_Lh0UyMc


    Gettysburg
    Gettysburg

    • Prologue

      • Burnside replaces McClellan

        • Attacked Lee at Fredericksburg, VA

          • Loses 10,000

      • Battle of Chancellorsville


    Gettysburg1
    Gettysburg

    • Lee wanted to follow up Chancellorsville with going into PA

      • Foreign intervention?

  • Meade replaces Hooker and takes his army to Gettysburg, PA

    • 92,000 (USA)

    • 76,000 (CSA)

  • Why does Lee stop in Gettysburg? What does this show?

  • Battle lasts for 3 days

    • Pickett’s charge is the final blow

  • TURNING POINT OF THE WAR


  • Gettysburg2
    Gettysburg

    • Gettysburg Address

      • Dedicate the cemetery to those that had fallen

        • 51,000 wounded, killed, captured, missing

      • Two minute speech that got little attention

        • Four score and seven years ago…


    Askin all them questions6
    Askin’ All Them Questions

    • What is the turning pint of the Civil War?

    • Why Gettysburg?

    • What happened at Chancellorsville?

    • What is the bloodiest single day of the war?



    Battle for the west
    Battle for the West

    • US Grant

      • Mediocre student

      • Alcoholic

    • Fort Donelson & Fort Henry

      • Grant’s first big wins

      • Keeps KY as a border state and he asks for unconditional surrender from TN


    Battle for the west1
    Battle for the West

    • Battle of Shiloh

      • April, 1862

      • Was an important junction of Confederate railroads

      • CSA is able to hold off Grant

        • Shows that the battles in the West are also not going to be easy

    • New Orleans

      • Spring 1862

      • North got control of MS River

        • Major supply line

      • Divide the South into two fronts


    Battle for the west2
    Battle for the West

    • Vicksburg

    • Effects of Gettysburg and Vicksburg



    Askin all them questions7
    Askin’ All Them Questions

    • What was the Merrimack?

      • Effect?

    • What was the Peninsula Campaign?

    • Describe George McClellan:

    • What happened at the 1st Bull Run?

    • What was Thomas Jackson’s nickname? Where did he get it?

    • This was the bloodiest single day of battle during the Civil War:

    • Why did Lee want to go to MD?

    • What was the Confederate capital city?

    • What is habeas corpus? Why was it suspended?

    • What was the Emancipation Proclamation?



    Sherman s march to the sea
    Sherman’s March to the Sea

    • Conquest of Georgia

    • Purpose

      • Destroy supplies

      • Weaken morale

      • Increase desertions

    • Effects

      • Shortened the war


    Sherman s march to the sea1
    Sherman’s March to the Sea

    • After Savannah Sherman marches North

    • South Carolina

      • Worse than in Georgia

        • Believed SC started it

      • Burned the capital of SC

    • North Carolina


    History channel2
    History Channel

    http://www.history.com/topics/william-t-sherman/videos#shermans-terrifying-tactics


    Askin all them questions8
    Askin’ All Them Questions

    • This general was responsible for conquering the Western front

    • What battle did Grant win on the same day as Gettysburg

      • Effect?

    • This person captured Atlanta

      • His motives

    • Bloodiest single day of battle

    • 1st land battle


    Don t change horses
    Don’t Change Horses…

    • Political infighting

      • Republicans

        • Didn’t trust Lincoln on _____________

          • Evidence?

      • Democrats

        • No leader

          • Douglas dies 7 weeks before Ft. Sumter

        • War Democrats

          • Supported Lincoln

        • Copperheads

    • Charles Vallandigham

      • Convicted of treason

      • Banished to the CSA

        • Man Without a Country


    Don t change horses1
    Don’t Change Horses…

    • Lincoln (R) or (U)

      • Joined with the War Democrats

      • Strong opposition to nomination

        • Lacking force

        • Over ready to compromise

        • Not having won the war

      • Chose _____________ as running mate

        • War Democrat

          • Ignorant backwoods politiican

    • George McClellan (D)


    Don t change horses2
    Don’t Change Horses:

    • War sways election

      • When war was going badly, re-election was in doubt

      • Capture of ________________

      • Soldiers were allowed to cast ballots

    • Lincoln wins 212-21

      • 2.2 million votes

      • 1.8 million votes

    • With Lincoln re-elected South loses hope of _______________

      • ____________ increase sharply


    Champion of the west
    Champion of the West

    • Grant replaces Meade

      • Failure to pursue Lee

      • Lincoln wanted a general who had the nerve to ____________________

    • Grant’s plan

      • Attack enemy on all fronts so they can’t help each other

    • Wilderness Campaign

      • May to June 1864

      • Grant surges to ______________

      • 50,000 Union casualties


    The night they drove ole dixie down
    The Night They Drove Ole Dixie Down

    • February 1865

      • Southerners try to negotiate a settlement

        • Lincoln demands emancipation

    • Capture of Richmond

    • Lincoln visits Richmond

      • Escort of soldiers

      • Black slaves greet him in the streets


    Grant v lee court of public opinion
    Grant v. Lee: Court of Public Opinion

    • Grant

      • Rate of loss was 1:10 soldiers

    • Lee

    • Lee turns the war into a war of ______________

      • Lee didn’t have enough people to be offensive

      • Grant figured now he just has to outlast Lee


    History channel3
    History Channel

    http://www.history.com/videos/surrender-at-appomattox-courthouse#surrender-at-appomattox-courthouse


    Askin all them questions9
    Askin’ All Them Questions

    • Where did Lee surrender?

    • Why did Lincoln pick Grant?

    • What did Sherman do?

    • Describe how African Americans participated during the war

    • What did the EP do?


    Sic semper tyranus

    Sic SemperTyranus


    Askin all them questions10
    Askin’ All Them Questions

    • Where did Lee surrender?

    • Why did Lincoln pick Grant?

    • What did Sherman do?

    • Describe how African Americans participated during the war

    • What did the EP do?

    • Where did Lee surrender?

    • Why did Lincoln pick Grant?

    • What did Sherman do?

    • Describe how African Americans participated during the war

    • What did the EP do?



    Aftermath of the war
    Aftermath of the War

    • Southern Attitudes After the War


    Now the ages have him
    Now the Ages Have Him

    • Impeach Lincoln?


    Now the ages have him1
    Now the Ages Have Him

    • April 15, 1865

    • Ford’s Theatre

      • Date night with his wife

      • My American Cousin

    • John Wilkes Booth


    Now the ages have him2
    Now the Ages Have Him

    • Martyrdom

      • Increased bitterness in the North

  • Many realize later that his _______________ towards the end of the war would have been beneficial to the South


  • The second civil war
    The Second Civil War

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oIC8ifQlDVY


    Freedmans bureau
    Freedmans Bureau

    • Emancipation

      • Happens unevenly throughout the South

        • Union forces would emancipate only for them to forcefully be renslaved

        • Some wanted to remain loyal to their owners

      • All were eventually forced to emancipate

    • Reactions

      • Wanted to be called Mr. or Mrs.

      • Searched for long-lost relatives

      • Moved to look for opportunities

    • Churches

      • African American churches grew

      • Protection of emancipation

    • Education

      • Freedman built schools but couldn’t find qualified teachers

      • Got white women missionaries


    Freedman s bureau
    Freedman’s Bureau

    • Why?

      • Many blacks were unskilled labor

      • They didn’t know how to survive on their own

    • What

      • Provide

      • Organized the African American vote to the ____________________

      • Ex-slave states divided into districts


    Freedman s bureau1
    Freedman’s Bureau

    • Successes

      • 200,000 became literate

        • Wanted to read the Bible

        • Close the gap

    • Failures

      • Were supposed to be settled on tracts of 40 acres

        • “40 acres and a mule”

      • Local administrators collaborated with former plantation owners

    • End

      • Many feared end of white supremacy

      • Because it was used by the Republicans increased animosity


    Askin all them questions11
    Askin’ All Them Questions

    • What was the period of reforms after the Civil War called?

    • Created to give aid to former slaves

    • Describe the progression of emancipation

    • Why did the Freedman’s Bureau fail?


    President andrew johnson
    President Andrew Johnson

    • Characteristics

      • Poor family from NC

      • Orphaned

      • Never went to school

      • Indentured servant

      • Hot-tempered, stubborn

    • Vice President Johnson

      • Why?

      • Typhoid


    President andrew johnson1
    President Andrew Johnson

    • Political Beliefs

    • Enemies of Johnson

      • North

        • He was a Southerner who didn’t understand

      • South

        • He was a sellout

      • Democrat

        • Never accepted by the Republicans

      • People

        • He was never chosen by the people


    Paragraph writing practice
    Paragraph Writing Practice

    • Separate Grade

    • The South should have been dealt with harshly to punish them for the Civil War



    Askin all them questions12
    Askin’ All Them Questions

    • What was the Freedman’s Bureau?

    • What was the 10% plan?

    • Explain “Sic sempertyranus”

    • This person assassinated Lincoln

    • Explain Andrew Johnson’s views on civil rights and the political system:

    • What was the 13th amendment?

    • Why would the South get more votes in Congress after the 13th amendment?

    • Where did General Lee surrender?

    • What were the Black Codes?

    • What type of agriculture did most blacks engage in during the post-Civil War era?



    Presidential reconstruction
    Presidential Reconstruction

    • 10% Plan

    • Congress turns it down

      • Feared ___________________

      • Reenslavement of African Americans


    Congressional response
    Congressional Response

    • Wade-Davis Bill, 1864

    • Republicans

      • South left

      • They should be readmitted as conquered territories

    • Lincoln _____________ the measure

      • Refused to sign it after Congress left so it expired


    Moderate v radical
    Moderate v. Radical

    • Moderate Republicans

      • Agreed with Lincoln that the South didn’t leave

      • Wanted the South readmitted under Congress’ terms

    • Radical Republicans


    Andrew johnsons plan
    Andrew Johnsons Plan

    • Andrew Johnson Plan

    • Any state complying would be admitted swiftly


    Congressional reconstruction
    Congressional Reconstruction

    • Confederates

      • Voters chose former Confederate leaders

        • Alexander Stephens

      • Republicans not in mood to compromise

        • Their former enemies

        • A Constitutional compromise is now void

          • How does that change things?


    Congressional reconstruction1
    Congressional Reconstruction

    • How would the South having more power change things

      • Re-enslavement?

      • Lower tariffs?

      • Reroute transcontinental railroad?

      • Repeal the Homestead Act?

      • Cancel the national debt?


    Johnson v congress
    Johnson v. Congress

    • 14th Amendment

      • Full citizenship

      • Any state that denies voting will have representatives taken away

      • Banned former Confederates from re-entering the govt.

      • Repudiated Confederate debts

    • Johnson urges Southern states to reject amendment


    Tale of the tape the challengers

    • December 1865

      • 13th amendment

        • Johnson = Union is good

    • February 1866

      • Vetoes Freedman’s Bureau

        • Why? (try to remember Disney quote)

    • March 1866

      • Civil rights bill is passed giving full citizenship to blacks


    Johnson v congress1
    Johnson v. Congress

    • April 1866

      • Johnson vetoes CR Bill

        • Congress overrides it

          • 2/ vote

    • June

      • Push for a Constitutional amendment

        • Why?


    Johnson v congress2
    Johnson v. Congress

    • Reconstruction by the sword

      • Divided the South into military districts

      • Disenfranchised thousands of former Confederates

      • Passed over Johnson’s veto

    • Steps to Readmission

      • Ratify 14th amendment

      • Guarantee in their state constitutions full suffrage for former male slaves

    • 15th amendment

      • Right to vote (NOT FOR WOMEN)

      • Just in case South was going to get tricky

    • Southern states readmitted in 1870


    Johnson v congress3
    Johnson v. Congress

    • Congressional elections 1866

      • Johnson accuses Republicans of riots

      • Republicans get a 2/3 majority in both houses

    • Radical Republicans

      • Senate: Charles Sumner

      • House: Thaddeus Stevens.

      • Wanted drastic change in the South

    • Moderates

      • Minority of Republicans

      • Wanted to protect states’ rights


    Askin all them questions13
    Askin’ All Them Questions

    • What was the Freedman’s Bureau?

    • What did the Wade-Davis bill stipulate?

    • What was Lincoln’s plan for Reconstruction? Why?

    • What were the Radical Republicans’ beliefs?


    Realities of radical reconstruction
    Realities of Radical Reconstruction

    • Most Northern states didn’t let blacks vote before the 15th amendment

    • Union League

      • Black political clubs

      • Organized for GOP

      • Expanded to help socially

    • Blacks in Office

      • Sat down with whites to hammer out Constitution

      • Began being elected to office

        • 2 Senators, 14 Representatives

      • Served in state governments


    Second civil war black codes
    Second Civil War: Black Codes

    • ________________________

    • Southern states immediately following Civil War

    • Intent


    Second civil war black codes1
    Second Civil War: Black Codes

    • Burden of African Americans

      • Had trouble being economically independent

        • No capital of their own

      • Many became __________

      • Oppressive laws


    Realities of reconstruction
    Realities of Reconstruction

    • Reactions

      • Southerners deeply offended

      • Scalawags

      • Carpetbaggers


    Realities of reconstruction1
    Realities of Reconstruction

    • Positives

    • Negatives


    Realities of reconstruction2
    Realities of Reconstruction

    • Ku Klux Klan

      • Founded in TN, 1866

        • Why?

      • White dress was supposed to be intimidating

      • Used force

      • Many African Americans start not voting

    • Force Bill 1870


    Realities of reconstruction3
    Realities of Reconstruction

    • Failure to ____________

    • Methods used to disenfranchise


    Pit stop1
    Pit Stop

    • What were the Civil Rights amendments?

    • What was the KKK?

    • How were blacks disenfranchised?

    • Who were scalawags/carpetbaggers?

    • Who was Thaddeus Stevens?

    • What was the Freedman’s Bureau?

    • What were the Black codes?

    • What was the 10% plan?

    • Why would the South get more Reps?



    Today in history
    Today in History…

    • Agreement in principle for Treaty of Paris, 1782

    • Mark Twain is born, 1835

    • Thriller is released, 1982

    • Ken Jennings loses at Jeopardy, 2004

      • 2.5 million


    Review
    Review

    • What was the Freedman’s Bureau?

    • What was the 10% plan?

    • Explain “Sic sempertyranus”

    • This person assassinated Lincoln

    • Explain Andrew Johnson’s views on civil rights and the political system:

    • What was the 13th amendment?

    • Why would the South get more votes in Congress after the 13th amendment?

    • Where did General Lee surrender?

    • What were the Black Codes?

    • What type of agriculture did most blacks engage in during the post-Civil War era?



    Legacy of reconstruction
    Legacy of Reconstruction

    • Nobody knew what it would be like

    • Republicans

    • Reconstruction goes bad because


    Johnson v the world
    Johnson v. the World

    • Tenure of Office Act, 1867

    • Johnson fires Stanton

      • He was appointed by Lincoln

    • Radical Republicans draw up ______________________

      • High crimes and misdemeanors

      • Disgrace, ridicule, hatred

    • Johnson is impeached on Feb. 24, 1968


    Johnson v the world1
    Johnson v. the World

    • Johnson avoids ___________________

    • Why?

      • People didn’t like the President Pro Tempore of the Senate

      • Johnson promised to play nice

    • Results

      • Showed country was ___________

      • Avoided a dangerous precedent


    Seward s folly
    Seward’s Folly

    • Russia wants to sell ____________

      • Overextended

      • Thought they would lose it to Britain anyway

      • An economic liability

    • William Seward buys it for 7 million

      • Russia had been friendly during Civil War

      • A lot of resources could be there


    Pit stop2
    Pit Stop

    • Why was Johnson impeached?

    • What is the process for impeachment?

    • What were the Black Codes?

    • What was Lincoln’s plan for reinstatement?


    Election of 1868
    Election of 1868

    • Ulysses S. Grant (R)

      • Thought a general would make a good president

      • Most popular

      • Secretary of War

      • No political knowledge

      • Reconstruction of the South under federal/military guidance

    • Horatio Seymour (D)

      • Denounced military reconstruction

      • Debate over bonds

        • Eastern: gold

        • Midwestern: greenbacks

    • Grant wins 214-80


    Rise of the liberal republicans
    Rise of the Liberal Republicans

    • Disgusted with corruption in Grant

      • Cleaned themselves up before they were thrown out of office

    • Horace Greeley (LR)

      • Allied with Democrats

      • Wanted unity

    • Ulysses S. Grant (R)

    • Wins a mudslinging election 286-66


    The closest election everrrrr 1876
    The Closest Election EVERRRRR: 1876

    • Republicans

      • Rutherford B. Hayes

        • Governor of important swing-state

          • Keep this in mind

    • Democrats

      • Samuel Tilden

        • Got fame exposing Boss Tweed in NY

          • Who is that?

    • Greenback Party

      • Peter Cooper

        • What would they be in favor of?


    The closest election everrrr
    The Closest Election EVERRRR

    • Issues in the election

      • Civil Service Reform

      • An end of Reconstruction

    • Mudslinging

    • Democratic Strategy

      • Mississippi Plan

      • Carried out by Red Shirts and the White League


    The closest election everrr
    The Closest Election EVERRR

    • Nobody gets a majority of __________________

      • At this point 185

        • Today 270

    • Tilden 184

      • Wins popular vote by 250,000

        • 4% of the population

    • Hayes 166

    • 3 states send ____________________

      • Florida, South Carolina, LA

      • Due to voting irregularities


    The closest election everrr1
    The Closest Election EVERRR

    • Compromise of 1877

    • Electoral Count Act

    • Democratic Reaction

      • _________________________

    • Republicans concede

      • Assured funding for Southern RR (not kept)

    • Deal holds on log enough for Hayes to be inaugurated

      • 3 days


    Askin all them questions14
    Askin’ All Them Questions

    • What was Credit Mobiler?

    • What were some corruptions in Grant’s administration?

    • Why was he selected?

    • Why was Johnson impeached?

      • What did he do?

    • What was the Wade-Davis Bill?

      • What does that show?

    • What does “Sic sempertyranus” mean?

    • What was Lincoln’s plan for reconstruction?

    • How was the South administered during Reconstruction?

    • What were the Civil War amendments?