Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Agriculture in TransitionSociology 325 Dr. Paul Lasley Tomoko Ogawa Jolene Glenn
Your Connection to 325 www.soc.iastate.edu/class/soc325.html
Course Objectives 1. Understanding of the historical basis of U.S. agriculture and rural society. 2. Overview of major decisions and events that shaped our food and fiber system. 3. Provide a framework to anticipate the future and how these trends impact upon rural society, families and individuals. 4. Provide linkage between large-scale macro forces and career options and opportunities.
Textbooks for Class • The Development of American Agriculture, Williard Cochrane • Plus assigned readings from guest lecturers
Class Evaluation • Attendance and Participation 15% • Term Paper 20% • Exam 1 20% • Exam 2 20% • Final Exam 25%
325 XW Class Evaluation • Participation 5 percent • Ethics term paper 10 percent • County agricultural transition term paper 25 percent • First hourly exam 20 percent • Second hourly exam 20 percent • Comprehensive final exam 20 percent
Course is divided into 3 main periods... Unit 1 Colonial Period 1607 - 1800 Pioneering Period 1800 - 1900 Unit 2 Modernization 1900 - 1945 Industrialization 1945 - present Unit 3 Re-integration 1990 Commercialization Bio-genetics future
Questions we want to Explore • How has agriculture and rural life changed? • By what mechanism or forces has caused these changes? (What accounts for these changes?) • What are the expected changes in the future? • What are the consequences (both positive and negative) of these changes?
Twin Pillars of Rural Culture Structure ofAgriculture RuralCommunities
Is it agriculture or agri culture? Culture — Values Beliefs Behaviors Lifestyle
StructureofAgriculture RuralCulture Worldwide Global International Foreign
Defining a “farm” What is a farm? What is agriculture? What is a family farm? What other types of farm exist?
Million “Official” Definition FARM -- according to U.S. Census of Agriculture is any unit that has agricultural sales of $1,000 or more per year 6.8 1.9 1920 2002
“Family Farm” According to Lasley • Labor • Capital • Management • Land Ownership • Residency • Dependency
The 3 Sectors of Agriculture INPUT PRODUCTION OUTPUT (Supply) (Farm) (Processing) Transportation Slaughterers Canners Millers Wholesalers Retailers Seed Fertilizer Machinery Credit Fuel Pesticides Science/ Extension Where actual production takes place Farm people Farm organizations Farm communities
Culture and Agriculture Chapter 1 An introduction to Transitions In Agriculture
Dominate Values of Agriculture and Rural Communities • Freedom to make own decisions/independence • Opportunity for self Improvement • A worthwhile occupation • Way of life as well as business • Work outdoors/with nature • Place to raise a family
Rural Communtiy Characteristics • Common Societal Characteristics of Rural/Farm communities • Open: many opportunities to go into farming • Equality: autocratic businesses can be formed • Integration of work and family (farming is a lifestyle) • Socialization of children though work • Homogeneous society • Culture dominated by agrarian issues
Population Residency Urban Population Rural Non-farm population Farm Population 70% 40% 20% 2% 1880 1980
Population Residency Urban PopulationFarm Population 100 % 95 % 50 % 5 % 1790 1860 1920 1980
What is the future of Agriculture? Can agriculture progress positively from its current point? Will it simply continue at a status quo? Is the only direction we go from here a negative one?