CONTEXT CLUES Ms. Goertz & Mrs. Elliott’s 8th Grade Class
CONTEXT CLUES • Hints provided in the text which give information about a certain word’s meaning
CATEGORIES OF CLUES • There are 3 main categories that context clues generally fit into: • Definition • Synonym • Example
DEFINITION • A form of the verb "to be" is a signal that the definition of the word may be in the sentence. • “Or" is a signal word indicating that the definition is in the sentence.
EXAMPLE of DEFINITION • A carnivore is an animal that feeds only on meat. • A biographer, or one who writes about people's lives, is an example of an author.
SYNONYM • The word "like" is a signal word indicating a synonym, a word of similar meaning, in the sentence.
EXAMPLE of SYNONYM • The gentry, like the popular kids in school, influences popular trends and decisions.
EXAMPLE • "Such as," "for instance," and "for example” are signal words that indicate there is an example of the word to follow.
EXAMPLE of EXAMPLE • The student was suffering from anxiety. For example, when he first saw the test, he began to tremble.
TIME TO PRACTICE! • Select what type of context clue you think is being used in the following sentences.
QUESTION 1 The quagmire, like quick sand, pulled the fallen tree branches below the surface. A. Definition B. Synonym C. Example
QUESTION 2 The new student used a very strange diction. For instance, she called the trunk a “boot” and her apartment a “flat.” A. Definition B. Synonym C. Example
QUESTION 3 The top of the mountain trail offered a panoramic, or wide-ranging, view of the valley below. A. Definition B. Synonym C. Example
NOW IT’S YOUR TURN Get into groups of 2 or 3 and write your own sentence for each category of context clues.