The Celts Find out about Click here to enter
Click this button to skip the rest of the instructions and go direct to the information What is this? You find this artefact near your home. You take it to a museum and the curator (person in charge) tells you it is a piece of Celtic jewellery. She wants to display the artefact, but needs someone to write some information to accompany it.
Be an Assistant Curator Everyone who works for the museum is really busy. They have no time to research this now. The curator asks if you will write a factsheet about the Celts for the display. This is the opportunity to earn recognition!
What you need to do: In order to produce a factsheet about the Celts you will have to: Research information about the Celts. Use reference materials including the Internet. Gather all the information together. Decide on a layout and subheadings for your factsheet. Put together and present the factsheet to experts who will decide whether the museum should accept your research.
The Factsheet: To help you begin your research, follow these steps: Look through this presentation and check the resources. Gather your facts, ideas, examples and pictures into your museum file. Plan your factsheet and begin to draft it. Check your draft with a friend. Present your factsheet in its finished format.
Who are the Celts? The Welsh are descendents of people from the past we call the Iron Age Celts.
When did they live? • Find out by looking at the timeline and reading the information at • <http://www.bbc.co.uk/wales/celts/factfile/index.shtml> • Can you draw your own timeline? • How do we know about the Celts (read the information underneath the timeline)
Where did they live? The Celts lived in houses (though they were not like our houses!) which were grouped together in hillforts. There were lots of hillforts. Many were in Wales.
The Houses Celtic houses were called roundhouses, and it is easy to see where they get their name!
Roundhouses There is a reconstructed Iron Age roundhouse, built on a hillfort site in Castell Henllys, Pembrokeshire. Find out how the Celts built their roundhouses here <http://www.castellhenllys.com/english/howtobuild.htm> Click on the link at the bottom of the webpage to see an animation showing how they were made. Describe how roundhouses were made. Make a model of a roundhouse.
Inside a Roundhouse Read about what it was like inside a roundhouse at these websites: http://www.bbc.co.uk/wales/celts/factfile/homes.shtml http://www.nmgw.ac.uk/dynamic/www.php/414 Use this information to answer the questions on the next slide
What was inside a roundhouse? Use your answers to these questions to write a paragraph about roundhouses. What was a firedog? How did Celts cook their food? What did they have to do to make bread? What else would have been inside the house?
Family Life Click on the cartoons here to find out more about family life in Celtic times. http://www.nmgw.ac.uk/education/forfun/celticfamily/ Describe the work of a smith (or blacksmith). What sort of foods would Celts have eaten? Can you finish Nain’s story?
Clothes and Appearance You can find out more about what we think Celts look like here: http://www.bbc.co.uk/wales/celts/factfile/clothes.shtml Draw a picture of a Celtic family. The picture on the next slide may help you. The “A Tale of Weaving” story here helps you understand how they made their clothes: http://www.bbc.co.uk/wales/celts/factfile/clothes.shtml
Hillforts The Celts built their roundhouses in forts to protect themselves from enemies. Most of these forts were built on hills. Can you think why this would have offered protection?
More about hillforts Click on the ‘Build a Hillfort’ link on this webpage to try creating your own hillfort. Remember, you have to make it strong and safe! <http://www.bbc.co.uk/wales/celts/> Draw a plan for a strong, secure hillfort, based on what you have learned. The plan of Castell Henllys on the next slide may help you get started.
Celts at Work You have already found out something about the work of the blacksmith. Smelting (melting the metal ready for shaping). Shaping the metal
Celts at Work There was always work to be done around the hillfort. Look at the pictures of some of these jobs on the next slide. Can you work out why each job was important to the Celts For example, Blacksmith – makes weapons and shields, for protection. Makes firedogs to help with cooking.
Celts at Work Pottery Ploughing Woodwork Weaving
More about jobs and tasks Were you right about the jobs done by Celtic people? You can find out, and learn about more jobs, here: < http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/prehistory/ironage_tasks_gallery.shtml > See if you can find out what these men are doing.
What did they look like? The pictures of the Celts at work provide an idea of the sort of clothes they wore. You can find out more here: <http://www.bbc.co.uk/wales/celts/factfile/clothes.shtml> <http://www.bbc.co.uk/wales/celts/activities/weaving.shtml> <http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/prehistory/ironage_intro_05.shtml> Design some Celtic clothing. Make your design out of fabric and dress a doll or card figure.
What do you remember? So far you have discovered a lot of information about Celtic everyday life? How much of it do you remember? You can test yourself here: < http://www.ngflcymru.org.uk/vtc/Phase3delivery/Wales/History/Keystage2/TheCeltsinWales/Whatwasitliketo/Onlineactivity/ >
Enemies Although the Celts were farmers, life was not always peaceful in the villages. Follow Caradog here <http://www.nmgw.ac.uk/education/forfun/celticfamily/car_0.shtml to find out what sort of things threatened the Celtic way of life. Copy the headings and complete the table:
Celts at War When the Romans invaded Britain, they became the Celts’ bitter enemies for many years. There were many wars between the Celts and the Romans.
Celtic Warriors Bran is a Celt, from a tribe called the Silures. Tadius is a Roman legionary. They have different views and experiences. Compare them here: <http://www.nmgw.ac.uk/dynamic/www.php/415> <http://www.nmgw.ac.uk/dynamic/www.php/417> Find out more about Celtic warriors here: < http://www.bbc.co.uk/wales/celts/factfile/warriors.shtml > Also go to < http://www.bbc.co.uk/wales/celts/index.shtml?1 > andlook at:The Smartest Warrior andThe War Chariot.
Celt or Roman? Would you rather be a Celtic warrior or a Roman soldier? Choose one and write about a typical day. Explain why you would rather be this person. What are the differences between the lives of the two? (You can find out more about life in the Roman army here: < http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/romans/army.shtml > )
Boudicca Celtic women often fought alongside the men. One of the most famous Celtic warriors was the wife of the leader of the Iceni tribe. Her name was Boudicca. Find out about her here: < http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/romans/rebel.shtml > < http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/walk/timestrip/cara_boud.shtml > Draw a picture of Boudicca on her chariot going into battle.
Roman Rule Although the Celts fought hard, the Romans were very organised and eventually defeated them. The Celts then lived under Roman rule. Read Tadia’s story to find out how the Romans and Celts began to live in peace: < http://www.nmgw.ac.uk/dynamic/www.php/416 > The Romans taught the Celts in Britain many things and brought many inventions with them. How many can you list?
Religion and Belief The Celts worshipped lots of different gods and goddesses. Their priests were called Druids. Find out more on this page: < http://www.bbc.co.uk/wales/celts/factfile/religion.shtml > You can also read a story about a druid on: < http://www.bbc.co.uk/wales/celts/index.shtml?1 > click on Dream for a Druid
Back to that jewellery. . . By now you should have discovered that the Celts were great craftsmen and very clever at making things. They are called the Iron Age Celts because of the work they did with metal. Lots of metalwork has been discovered in Rhondda Cynon Taf at a site which has now become famous. Look at this page to find out what it is called: < http://www.bbc.co.uk/wales/celts/factfile/art.shtml >
Llyn Fawr http://www.bbc.co.uk/wales/southeast/sites/celts/pages/llynfawr.shtml What was found at Llyn Fawr when the artificial lake was being created? What does this tell us about the area? How does this help us discover where the jewellery you found came from?
Celtic Metalwork http://www.bbc.co.uk/wales/celts/index.shtml?1 Go to the site above and click on Design A Torc to try designing your own Iron Age jewellery. Your teacher might let you make your design. (You could use clay, salt-dough, wire and foil, wire and mod-roc, etc.)
Congratulations! You have gathered enough information about the Celts to be considered an expert. Have you written your factsheet yet? Yes (Click below) Not yet (Click below)
Click this button to go back to the information about Celts. It`s the last thing you have to do! Remember... Gather all your information together and decide which you should use. Decide on a layout and subheadings for your factsheet. Put together and present the factsheet to experts who will decide whether the museum should accept your research. Click the tick on the previous slide when you have finished it.
Well Done! The museum staff throw a party in your honour!