Demography of the Middle East. John Bongaarts Population Council. Middle East Region. Outline. Population growth and consequences Age structure changes: youth “bulge”, labor force growth Why population growth continues Population policy options. Adverse Effects of Rapid Population Growth.
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Degradation of natural resources (land, water), pollution
Low wages, poverty, slow growth
Lagging investment in education, health services and infrastructure
Growth of political extremism and anti-Western sentiments
youth “bulge”, labor force growth
3)Why population growth continues
in the developing world
Implement family planning programs to:
1) High fertility
2) Declining mortality
3) Momentum of
- strengthen family planning programs
- invest in human capital
- address needs of the young