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The Renaissance AKS 38 Ch. 17. EQ. What is the Renaissance and what brought about this change ? What were the impacts of the Renaissance and how does it still resonate today?. What differences do you notice between Medieval art/architecture versus Renaissance art/architecture?.

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The Renaissance AKS 38 Ch. 17


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slide2
EQ
  • What is the Renaissance and what brought about this change?
  • What were the impacts of the Renaissance and how does it still resonate today?
slide3
What differences do you notice between Medieval art/architecture versus Renaissance art/architecture?
compare
Compare

Medieval

Renaissance

what was the renaissance
What was the Renaissance?
  • Period following the middle ages (1450-1550)
  • “Rebirth” of classical Greece and Rome
  • Began in Italy
  • Moved to northern Europe
objectives
Objectives
  • During the middle ages
    • Find God
    • Prove pre-conceived ideas
  • During the Renaissance
    • Find man
    • Promote learning
humanism
Humanism
  • Pursuit of individualism
    • Recognition that humans are creative
    • Appreciation of art as a product of man
  • Basic culture needed for all
  • Life could be enjoyable
  • Love of the classical past - ruins
  • The spirit of the Renaissance was secular… meaning wordly as opposed to related to God and church
causes of the renaissance
Causes of the Renaissance
  • Lessening of feudalism
    • Church disrespected – why?
    • Nobility in chaos
    • Growth of Middle/Merchant Class through trade – why?
  • Fall of Constantinople
    • Greek scholars fled to Italy
  • Education – Universities? What about it?
  • Nostalgia among the Italians to recapture the glory of the Roman empire
italian background
Italian Background
  • Florence Italy
    • Medici's—family of physicians
    • Money in banking
    • Financed wool trade
    • Became defacto rulers of Florence
review
Review
  • What did we learn about in the last unit that created growth in trade and populations (especially in towns/cities)?
  • What was the Renaissance?
  • What cultures did people look to for inspiration?
  • What was humanism?
  • What were some of the causes of the Renaissance?
the renaissance man
The “Renaissance Man”
  • Artist
  • Musician
  • Writer
  • Educated
  • Swordsman
slide18
Art

Artists

Techniques

Realism

Perspective

Focus on human form and beauty

  • Michelangelo
  • Leonardo Da Vinci
  • Donatello
  • Raphael
writers
Writers

Writers

Objectives

Wrote in Vernacular , or native language rather than Latin

Wrote for self-expression or to portray individuality

  • Petrarch
  • Machiavelli
  • Dante
  • Erasmus
petrarch
Petrarch
  • Father of Renaissance Humanism
  • Wrote 14-line poems (sonnets)
  • Wrote in vernacular and in Latin
  • “Love is the crowning grace of humanity.” Petrarch
    • How does this quote differ from what would have written during the medieval period?
dante
Dante
  • Like other humanists, he emphasized the virtues of intellectual freedom and individual expression
  • "There is no greater sorrow Than to recall a happy time When miserable." — Dante
machiavelli
Machiavelli
  • Historian and political thinker
  • In The Prince, he examines the imperfect nature of humans

“It is better to be feared than loved, if you cannot be both. “Niccolo Machiavelli

summary
Summary
  • 3 - key ideas you think are most important
  • 2 - things you need to study or learn more about
  • 1 - question you have
the northern renaissance
The Northern Renaissance
  • What two countries were engaged in war for over 100 years?
  • What do you think happened when this war came to an end along with the Bubonic Plague?
slide27
EQ
  • What was the Northern Renaissance?
  • What were the immediate and long-term effects of the Renaissance?
shakespeare
Shakespeare
  • William Shakespeare
    • Regarded as the greatest poet of all time
    • Drew inspiration from the Classics
    • Revealed the souls of men and women through dramatic conflict
christian humanists
Christian Humanists
  • Erasmus
    • Wrote The Praise of Folly
    • Believed in Christianity of the heart rather than a focus on ceremonies
      • What do we call the ceremonies in the Catholic Church?
slide31
Before we watch the video, think about the most revolutionary invention of your lifetime. How has it changed the way we live?
johann gutenberg
Johann Gutenberg
  • Invented the printing press
  • First book was…. Take a guess?
    • The Bible
  • Produced books quickly and cheaply
  • This had a profound effect on Europe
    • What do you think that effect was?
the legacy of the renaissance
The Legacy of the Renaissance

Art

Society

More information available

Learning

Discoveries, maps, charts

Where did this lead?

Legal documents were published

What did this do?

People began to question political and religious structures

  • Realism
  • Classical Techniques
    • What does that mean?
  • Secular works
    • What does that mean?
  • Vernacular Language
    • What does that mean?
the legacy of the renaissance1
The Legacy of the Renaissance
  • What are the effects of the Renaissance that we still feel today?
slide38
EQ
  • What were the causes and effects of the Reformation
  • Who was Martin Luther and John Calvin, and what were their contributions to the Reformation?
setting the stage review
Setting the Stage/Review
  • What was the predominate religion in Europe discussed thus far in the course?
  • What was the primary focus of the Catholic Church?
the protestant reformation1
The Protestant Reformation
  • What is the root word of “protestant?”
  • What is the root word of “reformation?”
with an elbow partner
With an elbow partner…
  • In 3 minutes….
    • Name as many things we have discussed that have weakened the Catholic Church in Europe

GO!

martin luther 1483 1546
Martin Luther (1483-1546)
  • Protested Indulgences
    • Indulgences are pardons for sins given by the Church
      • What journey might a knight have taken in the Medieval period to receive an indulgence?
  • Martin Luther wanted to reform the church
    • Reformation
martin luther s teachings
Martin Luther’s Teachings
  • The main ideas of Lutheranism
    • God only could grant salvation
      • Who did Catholics at the time think could grant it?
    • Teachings should be clearly based on the Bible
    • All people with faith were equal
      • What did this say about the divine right of kings?
protestants
Protestants
  • What are some of the Protestant denominations around today?
    • Lutheran
    • Baptist
    • Methodists
    • Many more….
review1
Review
  • What were some of the causes of the Protestant Reformation?
  • What were Martin Luther’s teachings?
try and find the answer to these s in the vid
Try and find the answer to these ?’s in the vid!
  • Why did Henry want to have his marriage annulled with Catherine of Aragon?
  • What happened to Anne Boleyn?
  • What did Henry’s daughter Mary do when she became Queen?
  • What did Henry’s daughter Elizabeth I do when she became Queen?
the english reformation
The English Reformation

The Real Henry VIII

Hollywood’s Henry VIII

review2
Review
  • Why did Henry want to have his marriage annulled with Catherine of Aragon?
  • What happened to Anne Boleyn?
  • What did Henry’s daughter Mary do when she became Queen?
  • What did Henry’s daughter Elizabeth I do when she became Queen?
the anglican church
The Anglican Church
  • Protestant church created by Elizabeth
john calvin
John Calvin
  • Protestant Reformer in Switzerland
  • Taught the Doctrine of Predestination
    • The belief that God has already decided who goes to heaven (salvation)
  • John Calvin's teachings are collectively called Calvinism
  • LOOKING AHEAD: The Puritans were Calvinists
    • Who were the Puritans?
the reformation counter
The Reformation Counter
  • What does “counter” mean?
  • Also called the Catholic Reformation
    • Reform in the Catholic Church
  • The Jesuits
    • Members of the “Society of Jesus”
      • Three Goals
        • 1. Founded Schools
        • 2. Converted non-Christians
        • 3. Stop Protestanism
the council of trent
The Council of Trent
  • The Churches interpretation of the Bible was final
  • Christians needed faith and good deeds to be saved, not just faith alone (as who taught?)
  • The Bible and Church tradition were equal
  • Indulgences were valid but could not be sold
impact of the reformation
Impact of the Reformation
  • Catholic Church became more unified
  • Learning increased
  • As Catholic power continued to decrease, individual monarchs and nation-states gained power
  • Questioning beliefs and authority would lead to the Enlightenment
    • What does the word enlightenment bring to mind?
review3
Review
  • Exit ticket!
    • Answer any three!
      • What is humanism?
      • What were the teachings of Martin Luther?
      • What was the Anglican Church?
      • What were three goals of the Jesuits?
      • Name two results from the Council of Trent.
      • What was one significant difference between the Renaissance period and the Medieval Period?
the scientific revolution
The Scientific Revolution
  • A new way of thinking about the natural world
    • Observation
    • Willingness to question accepted beliefs
the scientific revolution1
The Scientific Revolution

Medieval View

After Revolution

Heliocentric

What does this mean?

  • Geocentric
    • What does this mean?
copernicus
Copernicus
  • Reasoned that the earth, the stars, and other planets revolved around the sun
    • Was he completely correct?
kepler
Kepler
  • Mathematician
  • Used math the determine that the planets revolve around the sun in elliptical patterns
galileo
Galileo
  • Astronomer
    • What does an astronomer study?
  • Jupiter had 4 moons and the sun had spots
  • Stood trial in front of the Inquisition and renounced the ideas of Copernicus
  • Lived under house arrest until his death
scientific method
Scientific Method
  • New approach to science
sir isaac newton
Sir Isaac Newton
  • Law of Gravity explained how the same physical laws governed motion both on earth and in the rest of the universe
review4
Review
  • What was the scientific revolution?
  • How did it differ from previous views on the natural world?
  • What was the significance of Copernicus’ theories? Galileo? Kepler? Newton?
  • What is the Scientific Method? How did it differ from “old science?”