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Islamic Development Bank. Multilateral Negotiations on Trade in Services Introduction to the GATS Daniel C. Crosby - Casablanca, 15 June 2009. Budin & Associés. Budin & Associés. OUTLINE. E volution du commerce des services Les fondamentaux du commerce des services AGCS.

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islamic development bank

Islamic Development Bank

Multilateral Negotiations on Trade in Services

Introduction to the GATS

Daniel C. Crosby - Casablanca, 15 June 2009

Budin & Associés

outline
Budin & AssociésOUTLINE
  • Evolution du commerce des services
  • Les fondamentaux du commerce des services
  • AGCS
services evolution
Services Evolution

The beginning – simple « self-service »

Services as « public goods »

Vertical integration

Fee for private services

Services competition

Budin & Associés

3

uruguay round
Uruguay Round

Package of tradable interests

Goods (+ beyond the border)

Services

IPRs

Budin & Associés

4

slide5
GATS

Scope

General Obligations

Specific Commitments

Budin & Associés

5

scope
Scope

Applies generally to all measures affecting trade in services

Qualified exclusion of « public services »

Air transportation « hard rights »

Definitions

Budin & Associés

6

modes of supply
Modes of Supply

Mode 1: sold across borders

Mode 2: consumed abroad

Mode 3: through foreign investment

Mode 4: people move to supply service

Budin & Associés

7

general obligations
General Obligations

Most-Favored Nation

Transparency

Development

FTAs

Domestic Regulation

Budin & Associés

8

most favored nation
Most-Favored Nation

« General obligation » applies generally

Immediate and « unconditional » application

Subject to conditions - Annex on MFN Exemptions

Budin & Associés

9

transparency
Transparency

Publication of all measures

Notify to WTO Council for Trade in Services

Enquiry point

Budin & Associés

10

gats development
GATS & Development

(a) the strengthening of their domestic services capacity and its efficiency and competitiveness, inter alia through access to technology on a commercial basis;

(b) the improvement of their access to distribution channels and information networks; and

  (c) the liberalization of market access in sectors and modes of supply of export interest to them.

Budin & Associés

11

economic integration
Economic Integration

Part of comprehensive economic integration

Stand-alone / services-only PTA

Budin & Associés

12

domestic regulation
Domestic Regulation

General obligation « where specific commitments are undertaken »

« reasonable, objective and impartial manner »

Budin & Associés

13

domestic regulation1
Domestic Regulation

Domestic review tribunals

Information requirements

Budin & Associés

14

domestic regulation2
Domestic Regulation

Development of additional disciplines

Domestic regulatory requirements:

(a) based on objective and transparent criteria, such as competence and the ability to supply the service;

  (b) not more burdensome than necessary to ensure the quality of the service;

  (c) in the case of licensing procedures, not in themselves a restriction on the supply of the service.

Budin & Associés

15

additional dr rules
Additional DR Rules

Monopolies

Emergency safeguards

Payments & transfers

BoP

Government procurement

Subsides

Budin & Associés

16

specific commitments
Specific Commitments

Market access

National treatment

Schedules of commitments

Modification

Budin & Associés

17

specific commitments1
Specific Commitments

Market access schedules

Limitations

Horizontal

Sector-specific

« Additional commitments »

Budin & Associés

18

gats schedules
GATS Schedules

1. Business; 2. Communication; 3. Construction and Engineering; 4. Distribution; 5. Education; 6. Environment; 7. Financial; 8. Health; 9. Tourism and Travel; 10. Recreation, Cultural, and Sporting; 11. Transport; 12. “Other”

Budin & Associés

19

gats annexes
GATS Annexes

Annex on Article II Exemptions

Annex on Movement of Natural Persons Supplying Services under the Agreement

Annex on Air Transport Services

Annex on Financial Services

Second Annex on Financial Services

Annex on Negotiations on Maritime Transport Services

Annex on Telecommunications

Annex on Negotiations on Basic Telecommunications

Budin & Associés

20

news rules interpretations
News rules / Interpretations

Dispute settlement

Negotiations

Built-in agenda

Doha Development Round

Budin & Associés

21

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