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The Other Civil War. Madison Berman CHS 245 # 14003. Slavery. In the 1850’s there was such a large scale amount of tension over slavery that large scale bank failures and panics were set to be apart of this era There had been so many riots and issues that led to overcoming this battle.

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the other civil war
The Other Civil War
  • Madison Berman
  • CHS 245
  • # 14003
  • In the 1850’s there was such a large scale amount of tension over slavery that large scale bank failures and panics were set to be apart of this era
  • There had been so many riots and issues that led to overcoming this battle.
who was involved
Who was Involved
  • Thomas Dorr
    • “a lawyer from a well-to-do family, became a leader of the suffrage movement” (Dorr’s Rebellion) (214)
  • President John Tyler
    • met with the governor of Rhode Island
    • promised that in the case of rebellion federal troops would be sent, there was a clause in the U.S. Constitution “providing for federal intervention to quell local insurrections on request of a state government” (215)
  • Daniel Webster
    • argued against the Dorrites
  • Andrew Jackson
  • said he spoke for “humble members of society--the farmer, mechanics and laborers. . .he certainly did not speak for the Indians being pushed off their lands, or slaves” (216)
  • Jacksonian Democracy
  • was the first President to master the liberal rhetoric-to speak for a common man
wars battles movements
Wars, battles, & Movements
  • Anti-Renter Movement, 1837
    • Prevent the landlords from evicting
    • “Petitions for antirent bill, signed by 25,000 tenants, were put before legislature in 1845,” became defeated (213)
    • “Two leaders were told to write letters to disband, as their only chance to escape,” the movement was crushed (213)
  • Dorr’s Rebellion, 1840
    • “Both a movement for electoral reform and an example of radical insurgency” (214)
    • “Prompted by the Rhode Island charter’s rule that only owners of land could vote (214)
wars battles movements1
Wars, battles, & Movements
  • Luther v. Borden, 1849
    • Daniel Webster said “if people could claim a constitutional right to overthrow existing government, there would be no more law and no more government; there would be anarchy” (216)
    • It is a “long-lasting doctrine: it would not interfere in certain ‘political’ questions to be left to executive and legislature” (216)
  • Jacksonian Democracy
    • “The idea was to achieve stability and control by winning to the Democratic party ‘the middling interest, and especially . . . the substantial yeomanry of the country’ by prudent, judicious, well-considered reform” 217-218)
    • “Had tried to create a consensus of support for the system to make it secure. Blacks, Indians, women, and foreigners were clearly outside the consensus” (221)
wars battles movements2
Wars, battles, & Movements
  • Flour Riot of 1837
    • “50,000 persons (one-third of the working class) were without work in New York City alone, and 200,000 (of a population of 500,000) were living, ‘in utter and hopeless distress’” (225)
  • The “Lowell system”
    • “In which young girls would go to work in the mills and live in dormitories supervised by matrons” (228)
    • “At first seemed beneficent, sociable, a welcome escape from household drudgery or domestic service” (228)
    • “The dormitories became prisonlike, controlled by rules and regulations”
    • If supper was served it was “served after the women had risen at four in the morning and worked until seven thirty in the evening,” supper often only consisted of bread and gravy (228)
wars battles movements3
Wars,battles, & Movements
  • Economic Crisis of 1857
    • “brought the shoe business to a halt, and the workers of Lynn, Massachusetts lost their jobs” (231)
    • “Prices were up, wages were repeatedly cut, and by the fall of 1859 men were earning $3 a week and women were earning $1 a week, working sixteen hours a day” (231)
  • Economic Crisis of 1873
    • “The closing of the banking house of Jay Cooke-the banker who during the war had made $3 million a year in commissions alone for selling government bonds” (242)
    • People were unable to pay their loans on their mortgages, five thousand businesses closed and put their workers on the streets (some of the businesses that closed were a felt-skirt factory, a picture-frame factory, a glass-cutting establishment, and a steelworks factory; as well as women’s trades such as milliners, dressmakers, and shoe-binders) (242)
economic crisis 1873
Economic Crisis 1873
  • Theses images relate to the economic crisis of 1873 because they both show how the banks can hurt us and just because it seems like we don’t have a care in the world, because we think they can never hurt us, is false. We have to always be on our toes because we never know when something is going to change and come back to bite us
  • Women actually made strides and began to form something of themselves in the workplace
  • By 1850, around the same time as all the issues with slavery, “women comprised about a third of the nation’s six million workers” (223)
  • They formed their own union, published newspapers, started educational reform for young girls and pushed more forceful for their voting rights
  • Wages were cut so badly in the “Lowell system” that women created a strike
  • The young women who were forced into the harsh work environments of the ‘Lowell system’ “determined to do better next time, organized a Factory Girls’ Association”
what does it mean the other civil war
what does it mean, “The Other Civil War”
  • The end of the Civil War brought an influx of displaced unemployed and by 1877, the U.S. was in the throes of its first Depression (245-246)
  • Large scale strikes against the railroads were a feature of this period, mostly centered on achieving better wages (245-246)
works cited
Works Cited
  • Zinn, Howard. A People's History of the United States. New York: Harper & Row, 1980. Print.