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Enforcing Underage Drinking Laws Seizing Opportunities and Overcoming Challenges. Enforcing Impaired Driving for Youth. How hard is this?. Youth and Traffic Crashes. Motor vehicle crashes are leading cause of death among young people Youth are over-represented in fatal crashes 2:1

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Enforcing Underage Drinking Laws Seizing Opportunities and Overcoming Challenges


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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Enforcing Underage Drinking Laws

Seizing Opportunities and Overcoming Challenges

Enforcing Impaired Driving for Youth

youth and traffic crashes
Youth and Traffic Crashes
  • Motor vehicle crashes are leading cause of death among young people
  • Youth are over-represented in fatal crashes 2:1
  • Alcohol involved in over one-third of traffic fatalities
  • Risk of crash at low BAC levels is higher than adults
  • Years of potential life lost and long term cost of injuries are substantial
youth and traffic crashes4
Youth and Traffic Crashes
  • Inexperience: with drinking and with driving
  • Immortality: “it won’t happen to me”
  • Exuberance: risky behaviors
availability of alcohol
Availability of Alcohol
  • Youth obtain alcohol from:
    • The family/home, siblings
    • Older friends
    • Establishments that sell to minors
    • Use of fake IDs
    • Stranger purchases
difficulties in enforcing zero tolerance laws
Difficulties in Enforcing Zero Tolerance Laws
  • Drivers at low BAC levels may not exhibit the usual signs of impairment
  • Traditional enforcement practices may not pick up young drivers
  • Some laws are poorly designed, making enforcement difficult
slide11

Walk and Turn

DO NOT DO!

difficulties in impaired driving enforcement among youth
Difficulties in Impaired Driving Enforcement Among Youth
  • Place (parks, back roads,etc.)
  • Time (earlier, provisional license restrictions, school holidays)
  • Driving cues
  • Arrest processing
location
Location
  • High school age youth – Parties in homes, fields, or in cars/parking lots
  • College age youth – Parties in homes particularly on school breaks, on and off college campuses, bars that attract young adults
times
Times
  • High school age youth – earlier hours, half-days of school, peak time from 10 p.m. and curfew
  • College age youth – from early afternoon to early morning
most common and reliable initial indicators of dwi
Turning with a wide radius

Almost striking an object or vehicle

Weaving

Straddling center line or edge line

Appearing to be impaired

Driving on other than designated roadway

Driving into opposing or crossing traffic

Slow response to trafficsignals

Turning abruptly or illegally

Stopping inappropriately

Accelerating/decelerating rapidly

Headlights off

Swerving

Following too closely

Drifting

Speed slower that 10 mph below limit

Tires on center or lane marker

Braking erratically

Signaling inconsistent with driving

Stopping without cause in a traffic lane

Most Common and Reliable Initial Indicators of DWI
slide17
Cues
  • Inexperienced drivers
  • Young drivers are more likely to speed and engage in risk-taking driving maneuvers, are more erratic and impulsive
  • Youth drivers have more passengers in vehicles than adult drivers
cues cont
Cues (cont.)
  • May have other violations (vehicle modifications, noise violations, etc.)
  • Young drivers have more crashes at lower BAC levels than adults
  • Young drivers more likely to be poly-drug users than adult drivers
why zero tolerance laws
Why ‘Zero Tolerance’ Laws?
  • At low BAC levels (.01-.04), male drivers 16–20 have six times the fatality risk as drivers 25 and older
  • They have less drinking experience
  • They have less driving experience and ability (e.g., less able to scan environment for imminent hazards)
  • After drinking, they tend to engage in risky behavior, (e.g., speeding, not wearing seat belts)
approaches to overcoming difficulties in zero tolerance law enforcement
Approaches to Overcoming Difficulties in Zero Tolerance Law Enforcement

Command emphasis:

  • Priority in resources and budget
  • Encourage officers
  • Base performance evaluations on impaired driving enforcement
  • Be proactive not reactive
approaches to overcoming difficulties in zero tolerance law enforcement21
Approaches to Overcoming Difficulties in Zero Tolerance Law Enforcement

Training:

  • Specialized training
  • Include in roll-call
  • New training when laws/ordinances change
  • DRE Program
what if it s drugs
What if it’s Drugs?
  • Certified DRE’s
  • Courses to identify youth drug-impaired drivers
    • 8-hour drugged-driver course
    • Overview of drug-impaired drivers
    • Over-the-counter and prescription drug instruction
slide23

Effectiveness of DRE’s in removing impaired, youth drivers:

  • In a study of 500 DRE cases in Arizona, 10.4%
  • were under 21
  • During a 5 month period, New York State Police
  • found that 29.8% of DRE evaluations were under 21
  • In the first 9 months of 1996, Oregon State
  • Police reported that 14.6 percent of DRE evaluations
  • were conducted on people under 21
  • Since 1990, 19.4% of ALL DRE evals in Texas were
  • on people under 21
approaches to overcoming difficulties in zero tolerance law enforcement24
Approaches to Overcoming Difficulties in Zero Tolerance Law Enforcement

Tools and Technology:

  • Passive breath sensors or preliminary breath testing devices
approaches to overcoming difficulties in zero tolerance law enforcement25
Approaches to Overcoming Difficulties in Zero Tolerance Law Enforcement

Community and system support:

  • Enforcement agencies can only enforce to the level that the community will support
  • Actions of prosecutors and judges
  • Policies of licensing agencies
multi jurisdictional efforts
Multi-jurisdictional Efforts
  • College campus authorities/surrounding departments
  • Efforts between neighboring communities/counties/states
  • Taskforces/Special Enforcement Operations
working with media
Working with Media
  • Use media to amplify deterrence
  • Use media to create and demonstrate community support
information gathering
Information Gathering
  • Importance of gathering information/ statistics relating to impaired youth drivers by region
  • Defines problem on local and state basis
  • Identifies drug and alcohol trends
  • Assists in formation of Alcohol Enforcement Unit
center for enforcing underage drinking laws contact information
Center for Enforcing Underage Drinking Laws Contact Information:
  • 1-877-335-1287 toll free
  • www.udetc.org website
  • Udetc@pire.org email address
my contact information
My Contact Information:
  • Detective Christopher Bartolotta

Auto Theft Task Force

Office: (860) 706-5600

E mail: autotheft.htfd.inv1@po.state.ct.us