Organic Compounds. Ag Biology. PLAY. Organic Compounds/Macromolecules. All contain carbon Carbon forms strong covalent bonds Carbon forms chains Carbon forms single, double, and triple bonds Carbon makes rings CO 2 , not organic. PLAY. 5-carbon ring. 3-carbon ring. 4-carbon ring.
Many monosaccharides will bond together to make a polysaccharide. A monosaccharide is the basic subunit of carbohydrates.
1. store energy
2. form membranes
3. act as chemical messengers
They are formed through combinations of fatty acids and fatty glycerol.
Fatty acids are long chains of carbon and hydrogen with a carboxyl group at the end (-COOH).
Glycerol is made up of three carbons each attached to a OH- group.
They get combined through dehydration synthesis.
Saturated fats have the maximum number of hydrogens; the molecule has no double bonds.
Unsaturated fats have double bonds, therefore they do not have the maximum number of hydrogens.
1. control reaction rates/cell processes
2. form bones and muscles
3. transport stuff in/out of cell
4. fight disease
The R-group defines the actual amino acid.
1. amino acids protein chain
2. the chain twists
3. the chain folds
4. protein; a complete protein has 1 or more polypeptide chains.