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Immigration and Community Development. Max J. Pfeffer Development Sociology Department Cornell University. Foreign-Born Population, New York State, 1900-2006. Source: Kevin Jack, New York State Data Center. Growth in Foreign-Born Population, 2000-2006.

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immigration and community development

Immigration and Community Development

Max J. Pfeffer

Development Sociology Department

Cornell University

foreign born population new york state 1900 2006
Foreign-Born Population, New York State, 1900-2006

Source: Kevin Jack, New York State Data Center

growth in foreign born population 2000 2006
Growth in Foreign-Born Population, 2000-2006

Source: Kevin Jack, New York State Data Center

foreign born population by state 2006
Foreign-Born Population, by State, 2006

Source: Kevin Jack, New York State Data Center

foreign born population new york state 2006
Foreign-Born Population, New York State, 2006

Source: Fiscal Policy Institute, A Profile of Immigrants in the New York State Economy,2008

slide6

The Foreign-Born Population Is Concentrated in the NYC Area and Is Increasing, But it Is Also Important and Increasing in the Rural Periphery

Paul Eberts, Department of Development Sociology, Cornell University

slide7

Source: New York State Association of Counties. 2007. The Population Shuffle:

The Latest Census Population Estimates and How They Impact Our Counties. June.

http://www.nysac.org/Policy_and_Research/Reports.php (accessed June 20, 2008).

slide8

Source: Mize, Ronald L. et al., “Latino In-Migration among Counties in Decline.”

Rural New York Minute, 31/2009, Community and Rural Development Institute,

Cornell University.

slide10
I want to stay here

because of my son; he has more opportunities here to study, to learn another language, to make a career much better than in Mexico

(woman with 2 year old son).

slide11
Foreign Born Children by Year of Entry to the U.S. and Children Born to Foreign Born Parents by Year of Birth, Upstate NY

American Community Survey, 2006

immigrant children u s new york and upstate
Immigrant ChildrenU.S., New York and Upstate

How many immigrant children are there?

  • 73+ million children living in households
    • 70+ million are native born
    • 13+ are native born to a foreign born parent
      • (9.7 million are native born with both parents foreign born)
    • 3+ million are foreign born
  • 16+ million immigrant children in the U.S. (22% of all children
  • 1.5 million immigrant children in New York (32% of all children)
    • 138K immigrant children Upstate (9% of all children)

Source: American Community Survey, 2006

educational attainment of parents with children united states new york and upstate
Educational Attainment of Parents with Children,United States, New York and Upstate

Source: American Community Survey, 2006

top occupations of foreign born residents upstate 2004
Top Occupations of Foreign-Born Residents, Upstate, 2004

Source: Fiscal Policy Institute, A Profile of Immigrants in the New York State Economy,2008

are immigrants an asset or burden new york and upstate 2008
Are Immigrants an Asset or Burden? New York and Upstate, 2008

Source: Max J. Pfeffer and Pilar A. Parra, Empire State Poll 2008, Cornell University

new yorkers perceptions of immigrants
New Yorkers’ Perceptions of Immigrants

The language barriers are a major problem

…some newcomers can’t read English nor Spanish

…this new population that comes in is very different, ..they have the reputation as hard working, family folks

Source: Max J. Pfeffer and Pilar A. Parra, “Immigrants and the Community: Community Perspectives”,

Department of Development Sociology, Cornell University, October 2005.

english language ability of foreign born children and parents new york
English Language Ability of Foreign-Born Children and Parents, New York

Source: American Community Survey, 2006

what can be done
What can be done?
  • Nongovernmental civic organizations, employers, schools, and churches can support English language training for immigrants
  • English language training should be integrated with efforts to introduce immigrants to other community members
  • Communities can encourage civic engagement that includes immigrants
  • Create opportunities for immigrants to develop social ties to other community residents
a community model of immigrant integration
A Community Model of Immigrant Integration

English Ability →→→→ Social and Economic

↑ Success

Friendship ←------→ Civic Engagement

thank you

Thank you

Max J. Pfeffer

Cornell University

Department of Development Sociology

and

Community and Rural Development Institute

mjp5@cornell.eduhttp://devsoc.cals.cornell.edu

community support for english language training new york and upstate
Community Support for English Language Training, New York and Upstate

Source: Max J. Pfeffer and Pilar A. Parra, Empire State Poll 2008, Cornell University

legal status of the foreign born population in 2005
Legal Status of the Foreign-Born Population in 2005

Source: Jeffrey Passel, Pew Hispanic Center, 2006

states enacting immigration related legislation in 2007 n 46
States Enacting Immigration Related Legislation in 2007(N=46)

Source: National Conference of State Legislatures 2008

state immigration related legislation 2007
State Immigration-Related Legislation, 2007

Source: National Conference of State Legislatures 2008

proposed ordinances specifically regulating immigrants or relations with immigrants since 2006
Proposed Ordinances Specifically Regulating Immigrants or Relations with Immigrants Since 2006

Source: Web Search by Pilar A. Parra and Michelle Leveillee, April 2008

language other than english spoken at home by immigrant children united states new york and upstate
Language Other Than English Spoken at Home by Immigrant Children, United States, New York and Upstate

United States

  • Spanish (72%)
  • Chinese (2.3%)
  • Vietnamese (2.0%)
  • French (1.7%)
  • Korean Arabic (1.5%)

New York

  • Spanish (56%)
  • Yiddish (5%)
  • Chinese (5%)
  • Russian (3%)
  • Hebrew, French (2%)

Upstate

  • Spanish (48%)
  • French (7%)
  • Yiddish (4%)
  • Russian (4%)
  • German (3%)

American Community Survey, 2006